International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Home About Us Scope Editorial Board Blog/Latest News Contact Us
10th percentile
Powered by  Scopus
Scopus coverage:
Nov 2018 to May 2020


IJSTR >> Volume 8 - Issue 10, October 2019 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

Strengthening The Transient Stability Of A Power Grid Coupled With Wind Turbine Using Thyristor Controlled Series Capacitor

[Full Text]



Nice Enyonam Akpeke, Christopher Maina Muriithi, Charles Mwaniki



Critical clearing time, permanent magnet synchronous generator, thyristor controlled series compensator, transient stability, wind power conversion system.



The increase diffusion and circulation of wind energy to the conventional power system due to rapid growth of energy demand has led to consideration of different wind turbine generator technologies. It has been discovered that, a power system experiences inevitable changes in its dynamic behavior when connected with Direct Drive Synchronous Generator (DDSG). In cases of an unexpected loss of a power source or a huge load, the frequency of the power system decreases, which eventually leads to difference in speeds between grid and the interconnected wind generator. It is therefore necessary to use FACTS devices among other methods to advance the dynamic behavior for a convectional power structure. This paper therefore focusses on enhancing PMSG-based system transient during 3ph fault situations. Reference is made to the Critical clearing time (CCT) as an evidence for evaluating the transient state for the system. Under the studies of 14-bus test system of IEEE and in PSAT, the critical clearing time for power system integrated to PMSG-based power turbine is improved with a Thyristor Controlled Series Capacitor (TCSC). One synchronous generator in the test network was replaced at random with the PMSG-based wind power source, intended to produce an equivalent power. Time domain (TD) simulations are performed considering two study cases. Simulation results show that, the CCT of the system with TCSC is longer than the CCT of system without TCSC, which is an indication of transient stability improvement.



[1] M. K. Nigam, S. Singh, and C. Francis, “Effects on Power System Stability due to Integration of Distributed Generation,” Journal of Science and Engineering Education, vol. 2, pp. 56–60, 2017.
[2] A. devi Patel, “A review on FACTS Devices for the Improvement of Transient Stability,” Global Journal of Engineering Science and Resources, vol. 2, no. 12, pp. 85–89, 2015.
[3] N. W. Miller, M. Shao, S. Pajic, and R. D. Aquila, “Western Wind and Solar Integration Study Phase 3 – Frequency Response and Transient Stability,” 2014.
[4] S. Xia, Z. Qian, S. T. Hussain, H. Baodi, and Z. Weiwei, “Impacts of Integration of Wind Farms on Power System Transient Stability,” Applies Sciences, vol. 8, no. 8, p. 1289, 2018.
[5] M. Pertl, T. Weckesser, M. Rezkalla, and M. Marinelli, “Transient Stability Improvement : A Review and Comparison of Conventional and Renewable based Techniques for Preventive and Emergency Control,” Electrical Engineering, vol. 10. pp. 1–20, 2017.
[6] H. A. Abu and A. M. Hasan, “Comparison Among Series Compensators for Transient Stability Enhancement of Doubly Fed Induction Generator Based Variable Speed Wind Turbines,” The Institute of Engineering and Technology, vol. 10, pp. 1–11, 2015.
[7] P. Badoni and S. B. Prakash, “Modeling and Simulation of 2 MW PMSG Wind Energy Conversion Systems,” IOSR Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 53–58, 2014.
[8] Z. Liu, C. Liu, G. Li, Y. Liu, and Y. Liu, “Impact Study of PMSG-Based Wind Power Penetration on Power System Transient Stability Using EEAC Theory,” Energies, vol. 12, no. 8, pp. 13419–13441, 2015.
[9] Z. Tasneem and M. R. Sheikh, “Transient Stability Improvement of a Fixed Speed Wind Driven Power System using Permanent Magnet Synchronous Generator,” in International Conference on Mechanaical Engineering, 2014, vol. 90, pp. 698–703.
[10] N. Patari, D. Chatterjee, and T. Bhattacharya, “Transient Stability Improvement by Pre-fault and Post-fault Modifications in Wind Power Plant Control.”
[11] M. Nazmul, I. Sarkar, L. G. Meegahapola, and M. Datta, “Reactive Power Management in Renewable Rich Power Grids : A Review of Grid-Codes , Renewable Generators , Support Devices , Control Strategies and Optimization Algorithms,” IEEE Access, vol. 6, no. 10, pp. 41458–41489, 2018.
[12] P. Shen, L. Guan, Z. Huang, L. Wu, and Z. Jiang, “Active-Current Control of Large-Scale Wind Turbines for Power System Transient Stability Improvement,” Energies, vol. 11, no. 8, pp. 1–15, 2018.
[13] D. Kalpaktsoglou, S. Pouros, and K. Kleidis, “Improving the Efficiency of a Wind Turbine using Thyristor Switched Series Capacitors- A Simulation Study,” WSEAS Transactions on Power Systems, vol. 14, pp. 33–38, 2019.
[14] M. Amroune and T. Bouktir, “Power System Transient Stability Analysis with High Wind Power Penetration,” International Electrical Engineering Journal, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 907–913, 2013.
[15] L. Zhang, D. Jiang, and Z. Li, “Transient Stability Analysis of Power System Using Improved Least Square Method,” in 3rd Internation Conference on Electric and Electronics, 2013, no. 1951–6851, pp. 337–340.
[16] T. A. Lipo, Energy Function Analysis for Power System Stability. London: Kluwers Academic Publishers, 1989.
[17] R. K. Tiwari and K. K. Sharma, “Simulation and Modeling of Wind Turbine using PMSG,” International Journal of Recent Research and Review, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 46–50, 2014.
[18] A. Gustavo, A. Rolan, A. Luna, and G. Vazquez, “Modeling of a Variable Speed Wind Turbine with a Permanent Magnet Synchronous Generator,” in IEEE International symposium on INdustrial Electronics, 2009, no. 9, pp. 734–739.
[19] H. M. Aslam and T. Abu, “Modeling and Study of a Standalone PMSG Wind Generation System Using MATLAB / SIMULINK,” University Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, vol. 2, no. 7, pp. 270–277, 2014.
[20] A. Khattara, M. Becherif, M. Y. Ayad, and A. Aboubou, “The Choice of DFIG Wind Turbine Location According to its Line Fault Ride Through (LFRT) Capability,” Revue des Energies Renouvelables SIENR, pp. 263–267, 2014.
[21] A. S. Telang and P. P. Bedekar, “Application of Voltage Stability Indices for Proper Placement of STATCOM under Load Increase Scenario,” International Journal of Energy and Power Engineering, vol. 10, no. 7, pp. 998–1003, 2016.
[22] S. I. Adekunle, “A New Voltage Stability Index for Oredicting Voltage Collapse in Electrial Power System Networks,” Covenant University, 2017.
[23] C. E. D. Cardet, “Analysis on Voltage Stability Indices,” Rwth Aachen University, 2010.