International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Home About Us Scope Editorial Board Contact Us

IJSTR >> Volume 9 - Issue 1, January 2020 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

Enhancing Pedagogical AND Professional Competence OF Vocational School Teachers Through Principal Supervision

[Full Text]



Erlina Istiningsih, Achadi Budi Santosa, Widodo, Suyatno



Principal, Pedagogical ,Professional, Supervision.



This study aims to uncover the principal’s supervision to improve teachers’ pedagogical and professional competencies. This type of research is qualitative research with descriptive methods. The subjects of this study were principal and teachers at Muhammadiyah Karangmojo Vocational High School, Gunung Kidul, Yogyakarta. The data was collected through observation, interviews, and documentation. The collected data was analyzed by reducing, displaying, and drawing conclusions. The results showed that: 1) the principal's academic supervision program was made by the principal annually at the beginning of the school year by involving competent parties. The supervision program contained five things, which were the background of the need for, the assignment letter for the supervision team equipped with supervision schedule, supervision instruments, and blank follow-up for the supervision results. 2) The implementation of the principal's academic supervision activities began with the assessment on the teachers teaching administration carried out by the school verifier team, then the principal’s academic supervision. 3) The evaluation results of the principal's academic supervision implementation was informed to the teachers individually or classical. The evaluation results will be maintained and improved when it has reached the goal. While the shortcomings will be analyzed and improved for the preparation of the next program. The supervision follow-up to improve teachers’ pedagogical and professional competencies was done by making teachers competency improvement programs such as being active in teacher groups such as MGMP (Teacher Education Consensus Points), workshops implementation, coaching the supervisors, participating in education, seminars, and training carried out by relevant agencies.



[1] Gardon, S. P. Professional Development for School Improvement: Empowering Learning Comunities. Boston: Pearson Education Inc. 2004.
[2] Diaz-Manggioli, G. 2004. Teacher-Centered Professional Development. Virgina: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development.
[3] Aday, P. Professional Development of Teacher: Practice and Theory. Dordrecht. Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Development. 2004..
[4] Rahardja, U. Moein, A. & Lutfiani, N. Leadership, Competency, Working Motivation and Performance of High Private Education Lecturer with Institution Accreditation B: Area Kopertis IV Banten Province. Man Idia, 97(24), 179-192. 2018.
[5] Ben-Peretz, M., Mendelson, N., & Kron F. W. How teachers in different educational contexts view their roles. Teaching and Teacher Education, 19(2), 277-290. 2013.
[6] Blum, Milton L. and Benjamin Balinsky. Counseling and Psychology: Vocational Psychology and Its Relation to Educational and Personal Counseling. Tokyo: Charles E., Tuttle Company. 1951.
[7] Daresh, J. Supervision as aproactive prosess. White Plains, NY: Longman. 1989.
[8] Finch, C.R., and McGough, R.L. Administering and Supervising Occupational Education. Englewood Cliff, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, Inc. 1982.
[9] Willes, Kimball. Supervision for Better School. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, Inc. 1955.
[10] Neagley, Rose L., Evans, N Dean. Handbook for Effective Supervision of Instruction. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, Inc. 1980.
[11] Brown, M. Effective Supervision. New York: The MacMillan Company. 1960.
[12] Sutoyo, A.R.I. Needs Assessment of Senior High School (SMA) Supervisors of Jambi Province. IOSR Journal of Research & Method in Educational (IOSR-JRME) e-ISSN: 2320-7388,p-ISSN: 2320-737x Volume 7, Issue 5 Ver. II (Sep.- Oct. 2017), pp 80-83 DOI: 10.9790/7388-0705028083. 2017.
[13] Nolan JF and Hoover, LA. Teacher Supervision & Evaluation. Danver: John Wiley & Sons. 2011.
[14] Glickman, C.D., Gordon, S.P., & Ross-Gordon, J.M. Supervision and Instructional Leadership: a Development approach (6Th ed.). Boston: Allyn and Bacon. 2004
[15] Seergiovani, T.J. et al. Educational Govermance and Administration. Second Edition Englewood Cliffs. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, Inc. 1987.
[16] Nasir, Surian. Masek, Alias. A Model of Supervision in Communicating Expectation Using Supervisor Styles and Students Learning Styles. Procedia – Social and Behavioral Sciences 204, 265-271. 2015
[17] Aranda, M.G.. and Gameson, R. An Aligment Model for the Research Higher Degree Supervision Proses Using Repertory Grids-Reflections on Aplication in Practice in Built Environment Research.. JCEB,12(3), 66-81. 2012.
[18] Lee, A. M. Developing effective supervisors: Concepts of Research Supervision. South Africa Journal og Higher Education, 21(4), 680 – 693. 2007.
[19] Abidin, N.Z., and Ismail, A. Exploring Student Development Theory in Enhancing Learning Through Supervision. International Journal of Academic Research in Progressive Education and Development, 1 (1), 213 – 223. 2012
[20] Haris, I., Naway, F.A., Tulukadang, W.T., Takeshita, H., Ancho, I.V. School Supervision Practices in the Indonesian Education System: Perspectives and Challenges. Journal of Social Studies Education Research, 9(2), 366-387. 2018.
[21] Marshall, B. Rethinking Teacher Supervision and Evaluation: How to Work Smart, Build Collaboration, and Close the Achievement Gap. San Francisco, CA: Joosey-Bass. 2013.
[22] Unal, Ali. Analisis of Perception on Supervisors in Primary Education. Procedia Social and Behavioural Sciences 2, 5028-5033. 2010
[23] Glickman, C., Gordon, J. Supervision and Instructional Leadership (10th ed). New York: John Willet and Sons. Inc. 2017.
[24] Memduholu, H.B., Aydon, O., Yolmaz, K., Gungor, S., & Ozu, E. The Process of Supervision in the Turkish Educational System: Purpose, Structure, Operation. Asia Pasific Educational Review, 8 (1), 56-70. 2007.
[25] Watkins Jr, C.E., Jennifer, L.C., and Viscu, L. The Common Process of Supervision Process: The Supervision Session Pyramid as a Teaching Tool in the Beginning Supervision Seminar. Jurnal of Contemporary Psychotherapy. 2019
[26] Spancer, Lyle M. and Signe M.S. Competence at Work: Models for Superior Performance. New York: John Willey and Sons, Inc. 1993.
[27] Cooper, J.M., et al. Clasroom Teaching Skills. Lexington, DC: Heath and Company. 1977.
[28] Asari, S., Fauziyah, N., & Uchtiawati, S. Improving Teacher Pedagodic in Remote Areas Through Lesson Study Activity. International Journal Of Education and Literacy Studies,6(2), 52-62. 2018.
[29] Busse, H., Aboneh, E. A, & Tefera, G. Learning from developing countries in strengthening health system: an evaluation of personal global health volunteers at Addis Ababa University’s Tukur Anbessa Specialized Hospital (Ethiopia). Globalization and Health, 10 (1), 64. 2014
[30] Cooper, James M. Classroom teaching Skill. Lexington, Massa-chusetts Toronoto: D.C. Health and Company. 1990.
[31] Merriam, S.B. Handbook of Adult and Continuing Education. California: Jossey Bass. Inc. 1989.
[32] McNally, H.J. dan A. Harry Passow. Improving The Quality of Public School Programs. Columbia: Bureau of Publication Teacher College, Columbia University. 1959.
[33] Adler, Mortimer J. The Paideia Proposal: An Educational Reserch. New York: McGraw Hill Book Company. 1982
[34] De Roche, Edward F. How School Administrators Solve Problems. New Jersey: Englewood Cliff, Prentice Inc. 1985
[35] Al-Naggar, R.A., Al-Sarory, M., Al-Naggar, A.G.A. and Al-Muosli, M. Doctorate International Students Satisfaction and Stress on Academic Supervision in a Malaysian Univercity: a Quality Approach. International Research Journals,3(3), 264-269.2012.
[36] Stoner, James A.F. dan R. Edwars Freeman. Management, Jakarta: Intermedia. 1992.
[37] Ives, G. and Rowley, G. Supervision Selection or Allocation and Continuity of Supervision. Studies in Higher Education, 30(5), 535-555. 2005
[38] Rashida Qureshi. Reflection on The Implication of Globalization of Educationa For Research Supervision. Procedia – Social and Behavioral Scences (4),546-550. 2014.
[39] Acheson. K.A., & Gall, M.D. Techniques in the clinical supervision of the teachers: preservice and inservice applications (4th ed.) White Palins, NY: Longman. 1997.