International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Home About Us Scope Editorial Board Blog/Latest News Contact Us
10th percentile
Powered by  Scopus
Scopus coverage:
Nov 2018 to May 2020


IJSTR >> Volume 8 - Issue 10, October 2019 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

Influence Of Radius Of The Sternum Plate Pneumatically Driven Parallel Manipulator Used For Chest Compressions On A Closed Loop Manikin

[Full Text]



Gadudasu Babu Rao, Mona Sahu, M Wilson Kumar, Alfred Sunny, Praveen Kumar Bannaravuri



AHA guidelines, Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR), External Chest Compressions, Geometry, Pneumatic, Parallel Manipulator (PM).



The thought of using a parallel manipulator for uninterrupted and continuous external chest compressions during the procedure of cardiopulmonary resuscitation is proposed in this paper. As the quality of cardiopulmonary resuscitation plays a central part in reducing patient impermanence rates. As per the requirement of action of cardiopulmonary resuscitation procedure, a pneumatically driven parallel manipulator which is considered as an end effector for serial type manipulator constituting the form of hybrid manipulator is designed by following the American Heart Association (AHA) guidelines and fabricated the manipulated and a pilot experimental study has been conducted on a closed-loop manikin with different radii configurations by 22mm, 44mm and 66mm on the fixed platform by keeping the sternum plate position is at constant radius of 22mm, and also electronic controller has been made and developed. While performing experiments, it is observed that the configuration of radius 44 mm gives the required depth of compressions uniformly when compared to the other two configurations of the positions of prismatic links on the fixed platform. So, it has been concluded that this configuration will meet the requirements of AHA guidelines.



[1] Bath P, Lees K. ABC of arterial and venous disease. Acute stroke BMJ 2000;320:920-923.
[2] Pandian J et al. Public awareness of warning symptoms, risk factors and treatment of stroke in Northwest India. Stroke 2005; 36: 644-48.
[3] D. Nagaraja, G. Gururaj, N. Girish, Samhita Panda, A.K. Roy, G.R.K. Sarma & R. Srinivasa, “Feasibility study of stroke surveillance: Data from Bangalore, India”, Indian J Med Res 130, October 2009, pp 396-403 .
[4] American Stroke Association. Primary Prevention of Ischemic Stroke: A Guideline From the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association Stroke Council. Stroke. 2006; 37:1583-1633.
[5] Yangmin Li and QingsongXu, “Design and Development of a Medical Parallel Robot for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation,”IEEE/ASME transactions on Mechatronics, Vol. 12, No. 3, June 2007.
[6] Yangmin Li and and Qingsong Xu, “Optimal design and analysis of a3-RRPaR Parallel Manipulator for Chest Compressions", Proceedings of the 2005 IEEE International Conference on Mechatronics July 10-12, 2005, Taipei, Taiwan
[7] Yangmin Li and and Qingsong Xu, “Design and Development of a Medical Parallel Robot for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation,” IEEE/ASME transactions on Mechatronics,265-263, 2007.
[8] Marco Ceccarelli , Doina Pisla and Aleksandar Rodic “An assisting robotic system for rehabilitation and training of elderly people” The 3rd International Workshop on “New Trends in Medical and Service Robotics (MeSRoB 2014)”
[9] Rosati G, Gallina P, Masiero S, Rossi A: Design of a new 5 d.o.f. wire-based robot for rehabilitation. IEEE ICORR, Chicago; pp.430-433, 2005.
[10] Temei Li and Shahram Payandeh, “Design of spherical parallel mechanisms for application to laparoscopic surgery. Robotica, 20(2):133-138, March 2002
[11] G. Yedukondalu, A. Srinath and J. Suresh Kumar, “Mechanical chest compression with a medical parallel manipulator for cardiopulmonary resuscitation” , The International Journal of Medical Robotics and Computer Assisted Surgery. 2014 Oct 14. doi: 10.1002/rcs.1628.
[12] K. V.Varalakshmi and J. Srinivas, “Optimum Design of Kinematically Redundant Planar Parallel Manipulator Following a Trajectory” International Journal of Materials, Mechanics and Manufacturing, Vol. 3, No. 2, May 2015.
[13] Möhr D, “Review Article: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation: state of the art in 2011”, South Afr. J Anaesth Analg 2011;17(3):225-239
[14] AHA. (2015).Guidelines 2015| CPR & ECC, An American Heart Association Journal, 132 (18 Supplement 2), November 3, 419.
[15] Abdelbadiâ Chaker, Abdelfattah Mlika, Med Amine Laribi, Lotfi Romdhane, Saïd Zeghloul “Synthesis of spherical parallel manipulator for dexterous medical task” Front. Mech. Eng. 2012, 7(2): 150–162.
[16] Lessard S. and others . Optimum static balancing of the parallel robot for medical 3D-ultrasound imaging. In 12th IFToMM World Congress on the Theory of Machines and Mechanisms, Besancon, 18-21 June 2007.