International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Home About Us Scope Editorial Board Blog/Latest News Contact Us
(Re-evaluation in-progress)

IJSTR >> Volume 1 - Issue 11, December 2012 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

Oral Health Status of Institutionalized Street Children Aged 5-15 Years In Guntur City, Andhra Pradesh, India

[Full Text]



Dr. Srinivas R, Dr. P. Srinivas, Dr. V. Viswanath, Dr. S. Suresh, Dr. T. Devaki and Dr. V. Narayana



KEY WORDS:- Institutionalized Street children, Substance use, Caries prevalence, Treatment needs.



ABSTRACT :- OBJECTIVES: To assess the oral health status, oral hygiene practices and personal habits of institutionalized street children in Guntur city. METHODOLOGY: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted on all street children (255) between 5 -15 years present during the study period in Guntur city. Information regarding the demographic factors, personal habits and oral hygiene practices was obtained by interview method using questionnaire in a private area away from other participants. Along with this oral examination was performed according to ADA type III examination using mouth mirror, CPI probe in a natural day light. Data was collected by using modified WHO Proforma (1997). RESULTS: Mean age of study subjects was 11.02±2.3. Among the children interviewed in the present study, 3.1% had indulged in substance use any time in their life. Bleeding and calculus was diagnosed as 52.5% and 42.4% respectively in children. Prevalence of dental caries was 50.19%. The mean dmft value was 0.70±0.395 and mean DMFT value was 0.49±0.930. 43.13% subjects require one surface filling, 11.4% subjects require two or more surface fillings, 17.3% subjects require extraction. CONCLUSION: The present study reveals higher levels of dental caries experience and untreated dental disease. Institutionalized street children from present study are commonly faced with oral health problems, especially periodontal problems.



[1] The Hospital on Wheels project. Making health care accessible to street children. Mumbai: Society for Nutrition, Education and health action for women and children: 2000-2006.

[2] FK Kahabuka, HS Mbawalla. Oral health knowledge and practices among Dar es Salaam institutionalized former street children aged 7-16 years. Int J Dent Hygiene 2006; 4:174-178.

[3] James Morse Dunning. Principles of Dental Public Health. 4th ed. London: Harvard university press; 1986: 339.

[4] World Health Organizations. Oral health surveys Basic methods. 4th ed. Geneva.

[5] Elsa K Delgado, Martin H Hobdell and Eduardo Bernabe (2009). Poverty, social exclusion and dental caries of 12 –year-old children: a cross – sectional study in Lima, Peru. BMC oral health 2009; 9:1-6.

[6] Pisarn Techakasem, Varuna Kolkijkovin. Runaway youths and correlating factors, study in Thailand. J Med Assoc Thai 2006; 89(2):212-216.

[7] R Contreras Bulnes, Reyes-Silveyra, T Fuentes, Escamilla and Rodriguez. Dental caries and treatment needs in street children in Toluca, Mexico. Int Dent J 2008; 58: 134-138.

[8] C Malhothra, R Malhothra, MM Singh, S Garg, GK Ingle. A study of tobacco use among street children of Delhi. 2007; 31(1):30-35.

[9] Deepti pagare, GS Meena , MM Singh and Renuka Saha. Risk factors of substance use among street children Delhi. Indian J Pediatr 2004; 41:221-225.

[10] Munevver Turkmen,Pinar Okyay,Ocal,Selma Okuyanoglu. A descriptive study on street children living in a southern city of Turkey. Turkish J of Pediatrics 2004; 46:131-136.

[11] Abhinav Singh, Peter Sequiera, Shashidar Acharya, Meghashyam. Oral health status of two 12 – year old socially disadvantaged groups in South India: a comparative study”. Oral health prev Dent 2011; 9:3-7.

[12] Donald Chi and Peter Milgrom. The oral health of homeless adolescents and young adults and determinants of oral health: preliminary findings. Spec Care Dentist 2008; 28(6): 237-242.

[13] Blanaid Daly, Tim Newton and Paul Batchelor. Patterns of dental service use among homeless people using a targeted service. J of Public Health Dentistry 2009; 70:45-51.

[14] Dharam Singh, Nishtha Sareen, Abhishek Ojha and Devendra Sareen. Street children of Udaipur: Demographic profile and future prospects. Stud Tribal’s 2008;6(2):135-139.

[15] RK Bali, VB Mathur, P Talwar, HB Chanana. National oral health survey and fluoride mapping 2002-2003. India.

[16] Allison J. Page, Allan D. Ainsworth, Marjorie A. Pett. Homeless families and their children's health problems- A Utah urban experience” West J Med 1993;158:30-35