IJSTR

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

IJSTR@Facebook IJSTR@Twitter IJSTR@Linkedin
Home About Us Scope Editorial Board Blog/Latest News Contact Us
CALL FOR PAPERS
AUTHORS
DOWNLOADS
CONTACT
QR CODE
IJSTR-QR Code

IJSTR >> Volume 2- Issue 11, November 2013 Edition



International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616



Biodegradation Of Lignin From Corn Cob By Using A Mixture Of Phanerochaete Chrysosporium, Lentinus Edodes And Pleurotus Ostreatus

[Full Text]

 

AUTHOR(S)

Mahyati, Abdul Rauf Patong, Muh. Nasir Djide, dan Paulina Taba

 

KEYWORDS

Keyword: biodegradation, lignin, white rot fungi and corn cob

 

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Corn cob is agricultural waste containing approximately 76% holocellulose (cellulose and hemicellulose). Cellulose can be converted into bioethanol using a method of SSF. Degradation of lignin from corn cob can be conducted by acid, basic and enzymatic methods. The method applied to the process of enzymatic pretreatment was conducted by using a mixture of white rot fungi (Phanerochaete chrysosporium, Lentinus edodes and Pleurotus ostreatus) to degrade lignin which is environmentally friendly. Results showed that maximum lignin biodegradation, i.e. 96.88%, was achieved after incubation for 30 days by the mixture of white rot fungi

 

REFERENCES

[1]. Koswara, J. Budidaya Jagung, Institut Pertanian Bogor. Bogor (1991)

[2]. Badan Pusat Statistik Provinsi Sulawesi Selatan. Produksi Padi & Jagung, Makassar (2012)

[3]. Saha, B. C, Hemicellulose Bioconversion, J. Ind. Microbio. Biotechnol., 30, 279-291 (2003)

[4]. Isroi, Ria Millati, Siti Syamsiah, Claes Niklasson, Muhammad Nur Cahyanto,Knut Lundquist, and Mohammad J. Taherzadeh, Biological pretreatment of lignocelluloses with white-rot fungi and its applications: A review, Bioresources 6(4), Nov. 1 (2011)

[5]. Alvira, P., Tomás-Pejó, E., Ballesteros, M., and Negro, M. J. Pretreatment for an efficient bioethanol production process based on enzymatic hydrolysis: A review, Bioresource Technol. 101, 4851-4861. (2010)

[6]. Hendriks, A. T. W. M., and Zeeman, G. Pretreatments to enhance the digestibility of lignocellulosic biomass," Bioresource Technol. 100, 10-18 (2009)

[7]. Taherzadeh, M. J., and Karimi, K. "Pretreatment of lignocellulosic waste to improve ethanol and biogas production," Int. J. Mol. Sci. 9, 1621-1651( 2008)

[8]. Hu, G., Heitmann, J. A., and Rojas, O. J. Feedstock pretreatment strategies for producing ethanol from wood, bark and forrest residues, Bioresources 3, 270-294 (2008)

[9]. Mosier, N., Wyman, C., Dale, B., Elander, R., Lee, Y. Y., Holtzapple, M., and Ladisch, M. Features of promising technologies for pretreatment of lignocellulosic biomass. Bioresource Technol. 96, 673-686 (2005)

[10]. Taherzadeh MJ, Karimi K.. Acid-based hydrolysis processes for ethanol from lignocellulosic materials: a review. Bioresources 2 (3): 472-499 (2007)

[11]. Higuchi, T.. Microbial degradation of lignin: Role of lignin peroxidase, manganese peroxidase, and laccase, Proc. Jpn. Acad., Ser.B 80, 204-211 (2004)

[12]. Wong, D. Structure and action mechanism of ligninolytic enzymes, App. Biochem. and Biotech. 157, 174-209 (2009).

[13]. Van der Merwe, J.J., Production of Laccase by The White-Rot Fungus Pycnoporus sanguineus, Master Thesis, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein. (2002)

[14]. Howard RL., E. Abotsi, EL Jansen van Rensburg, S Howard. Lignocellulose biotechnology: issues of bioconversion and enzyme production. African Biotechnol. 2 (12): 602-619 (2003)

[15]. Dashtban, M., Schraft, H., Syed A. A., Qin W. S., Fungal Biodegradation And Enzymatic Modification Of Lignin, Review (2010)

[16]. Zeng, G., Huang, D., Huang, G., Hu, T., Jiang, X., Feng, C., Chen, Y., Tang, L., and Liu,H. Composting of lead-contaminated solid waste with inocula of white-rot fungus, Bioresource Technol. 98, 320-326 (2007).

[17]. Taccari, M., Stringini, M., Comitini, F., and Ciani, M. Effect of P. chrysosporium inoculation during maturation of co-composted agricultural wastes mixed with olive mill wastewater, Waste Manag. 29, 1615-1621 (2009)

[18]. Datta, R., Acidogenic Fermentation Of Lignocellulose-Acid Yield And Conversion Of Components, Biotech. and Bioeng. 23 (9), 2167-2170 (1981)

[19]. Steffen, K. T. Degradation Of Recalcitrant Biopolymers And Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons By Litter-Decomposing Basidiomycetous Fungi, Dissertation, Finland, Dept. of App. Chem. and Micr. Viikki Biocenter, University of Helsinki (2003)

[20]. Achmadi, S.S. Diktat Kimia Kayu. Bogor: Pusat, Antar Universitas, Institut Pertanian Bogor (1990)

[21]. Arora, D. S., Sandhu. D. K., Laccase production and wood degradation by a white-rot fungus Daedalea flavida, Enzyme Microb. Technol. 7, 405-408 (1985)