International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Home About Us Scope Editorial Board Blog/Latest News Contact Us
10th percentile
Powered by  Scopus
Scopus coverage:
Nov 2018 to May 2020


IJSTR >> Volume 3- Issue 12, December 2014 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

Role Of Administrative Leadership In Influencing Employee Motivation

[Full Text]



Shreekant Saraf, Kartiki Saraf



Index Terms: Motivation, Job Satisfaction, drive, employee engagement, career management, professional success, economic man.



Abstract: Drive, engagement, and passion are more important than one’s talent for professional success. This is how David Maister sees the idea of professionalism. In his article “Are You Having Fun Yet?” (Maister, 2007) the author practically worships the idea of importance of loving what you do instead of forcing yourself to do it. He also finds the difference between the job and career. This is, to David Maister’s opinion, the starting point for changing tiresome and exhaustion from work into satisfaction. Nowadays, we live in the globalized world of information and technology where the competition is intense and there is an ever-growing pressure on organizations and workforces to deliver continuous improvement in products, systems and processes. In this constantly demanding world, it is really questionable whether a persistent employee motivation is possible at all, and whether one may ever enjoy what he is doing. More intriguing part is that employee motivation does not directly relate to any single aspect of the job viz. job type, income, position or industry. Highly paid lawyers and investment bankers seem to be no happier than dustmen or orderlies. As the job satisfaction numbers are in consistent decline during the past two decades (Gibbons, 2010), employers in today’s world are facing a clear and present issue – what can the administrative leadership do to keep employees motivated, engaged and happy.



[1] Maister David (2007), Are you having fun yet? Retrieved from http://davidmaister.com/podcasts.archives/5/49/, on March 01, 2010.

[2] Alderfer, C.P. (1972), Existence, relatedness and growth: human needs in organizational settings. Free Press, New York, NY.

[3] Bagozzi, R.P., Bergami, M. and Leone, L. (2003), Hierarchical representation of motives in goal setting. Journal of Applied Psychology, Vol. 88 No. 5, pp. 915-44.

[4] Bamberger, P. and Meshoulam, I. (2000), Human resource strategy: formulation, implementation and impact. Sage, Thousand Oaks, CA.

[5] Bandura, A. (1977), Social learning theory. Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ.

[6] Barney, J.B. (1991), Firm resources and sustained competitive advantage. Journal of Management, Vol. 17 No. 1, pp. 99-120.

[7] Blake, R.R. and Mouton, J.S. (1985), The managerial grid. Gulf Publishing Co., Houston, TX.

[8] Brewster, C. and Larson, H. (1992), Human resource management in Europe: evidence from 10 countries. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, Vol. 3 No. 3, pp. 409-34.

[9] Carey, A. (1967). The Hawthorne Studies: A radical criticism. American Sociological Review, 32, 403–416.

[10] Clutterbuck, D. and Goldsmith, W. (1984), The winning streak: Britain’s top companies reveal their formulas for success. Weidenfeld& Nicolson, London.

[11] D’Andrade, R.G. (1992), Schémas and motivation. D’Andrade, R.G. (Ed.), Human Motives and Cultural Models, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 23-44.

[12] Eisenhardt, K.M. (1989), Agency theory: an assessment and review. Academy of Management Review, Vol. 14 No. 1, pp. 57-74.

[13] Evans, M.G. and McKee, D. (1970), Some effects of internal versus external orientations upon the relationship between various aspects of job satisfaction. Journal of Applied Psychology, Vol. 2 No. I1 pp. 17-24.

[14] Fama, E.F. and Jensen, M.C. (1983), Agency problems and residual claims. Journal of Law and Economics, Vol. 26 No. 2, pp. 327-49.

[15] Fiedler, F.E. (1978), The contingency model and the dynamics of the leadership process. Berkowitz, L. (Ed.), Advances in Experimental Social Psychology, Academic Press, New York, NY, pp. 59-66.

[16] George, J.M. and Brief, A.P. (1996), Motivational agendas in the workplace: the effects of feelings on focus of attention and motivation. Research in Organizational Behavior, Vol. 18 No. 2, pp. 75-109.

[17] Gerhart, B. (1990), Gender differences in current starting salaries: the role of performance, college major and job title. Industrial and Labor Relations Review, Vol. 43 No. 5, pp. 418-33.

[18] Gibbons J. M. (2010), I Can't Get No...Job Satisfaction, That Is: America's Unhappy Workers, The Conference Board , Research Report #1459-09-RR,

[19] Hardin, E. (1965), Perceived and actual changes in job satisfaction. Journal of Applied Psychology, Vol. 49 No. 2, pp. 363-7.

[20] Hersey, P. and Blanchard, K.H. (1993), Management of organizational behavior: utilizing human resources. 6th ed., Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ.

[21] Herzberg, F. (1987), One more time: how do you motivate employees? Harvard Business Review, Vol. 65 No. 5, pp. 109-20, including a retrospective commentary (originally published in 1968).

[22] Herzberg, F., Mausner, B. and Snyderman, B. (1959), The Motivation to work. Whiley, New York, NY.

[23] Hiltrop, J.M. (1995), The changing psychological contract: the human resources challenge of the 1990s. European Management Journal, Vol. 13 No. 3, pp. 286-94.

[24] House, RJ. (1971), A path-goal theory of leadership effectiveness. Administrative Science Quarterly, Vol. 16 No. 2, p. 322.

[25] Hulin, C.L. and Smith, P.C. (1965), A linear model of job satisfaction. Journal of Applied Psychology, Vol. 49 No. 2, pp. 209-16.

[26] Hyland, M.E. (1988), Motivational control theory. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol. 55 No. 4, pp. 642-51.

[27] Ilinitch, A.Y., D'Aveni, R.A. and Lewin, A.Y. (1996), New Organizational forms and strategies for managing in hyper-competitive environments. Organization Science, Vol. 7 No. 3, pp. 211-20.

[28] Kanfer, R. (1990), Motivation theory and industrial and organizational psychology. Dunnette, M.D. and Hough, L.M. (Eds), Handbook of Industrial and Organizational Psychology; 1990, Rand McNaIIy, Chicago, IL, pp. 75-170.

[29] Kanfer, R. (1992), Work motivation: new directions in theory and research. Cooper, C.L. and Robertson, I.T. (Eds), International Review of Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Wiley, Chichester, pp. 1-53.

[30] Locke, E.A. (1991), The motivation sequence, the motivation hub, and the motivation core. Behavior and Human Decision Process, Vol. 50 No. 3, pp. 288-99.

[31] Locke, E.A. and Henné, D. (1986), Work motivation theories. Cooper, D.C. and Robertson, I. (Eds), International Review of Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Wiley, Chichester, pp. 1-35.

[32] Locke, E.A., Shaw, K.N., Saari, L.M. and Latham, G.P. (1981), Goal setting and task performance 1969-1980.Psychological Bulletin, Vol. 90 No. 2, pp. 125-52.

[33] Mabey, C., Salaman, G. and Storey, J. (1998), Human resource management: a strategic introduction. Blackwell, Oxford.

[34] McClelland, D.C. (1961), The Achieving Society. Van Nostrand, Princeton, NJ.

[35] McGregor, D.M. (I960), The Human side of enterprise. McGraw-Hill, New York, NY.

[36] McGregor, D.M. (1987), The human side of the enterprise. Management Review, Vol. 6 No. 7, p. 559 (originally published in 1967).

[37] Maslow, A. (1954), Motivation and personality. Harper & Row, New York, NY.

[38] Opsahl, R. and Dunnette, M. (1966), The role of financial compensation in industrial motivation. Psychological Bulletin, Vol. 66 No. 2, pp. 94-118.

[39] Parolini, C. (1999), The value net: a tool for competitive strategy. Wiley, Chichester.

[40] Pedler, M., Burgoyne, J. and Boydell, T. (1991), The learning company: a strategy for sustainable development. McGraw-Hill, Maidenhead.

[41] Peters, TJ. and Waterman, R.H. (1982), In search of excellence: lessons from America’s best-run companies. Harper & Row, New York, NY.

[42] Rotter, J.B. (1975), Some problems and misconceptions related to the construct of internal versus external control of reinforcement. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, Vol. 43 No. 1, pp. 56-7.

[43] Schamer, C.O., Takeuchi, I. and von Krogh, G. (2000), Knowledge creation: a source of value. Macmillan Press, Basingstoke.

[44] Spender J.C. (2011), Human Capital and Agency Theory, The Oxford Handbook of Human Capital, May 2011, ISBN: 9780199532162

[45] Taylor F. W. (1911), The Principles of Scientific Management. New York: Harper Bros. 5-29

[46] Vroom, V.H. (1964), Work and motivation. Wiley, New York, NY.

[47] Wall, T.D. (1972), Overall job satisfaction in relation to social desirability, age, length of employment and social class. British Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, Vol. 11 No. 1, pp. 79-81.