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IJSTR >> Volume 3- Issue 11, November 2014 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

Heat Shock Proteins: Functions And Response Against Heat Stress In Plants

[Full Text]



Magaji G. Usman, M. Y. Rafii, M. R. Ismail, M. A. Malek, Mohammad Abdul Latif, Yusuff Oladosu



Keywords: Heat Stress; Heat Shock Proteins; Crop Plants; Heat Tolerance



Abstract: Heat stress has significant effect on protein metabolism, including degradation of proteins, inhibition of protein accumulation and induction of certain protein synthesis. It also poses a serious damage to the growth and development of the plant. The ability of the plants to respond to this stress by maintaining protein in their functional conformation as well as preventing the accumulation of non-native proteins are highly important for the cell survival. Heat shock proteins are involved in signaling, translation, host-defence mechanisms, carbohydrate metabolism and amino acid metabolism. In fact, these proteins are now understood to mediate signaling, translation, host-defence mechanisms, carbohydrate metabolism and amino acid metabolism by playing a significant function in controlling the genome and ultimately features that are obvious. Several reviews have reported the tolerance of plants to different abiotic stresses. The topic of enhancing protection mechanisms (including HSPs) to induce heat resistance is very interesting and research in this area has many repercussions for the understanding of heat stress response. However, this review reports Heat Shock Proteins (HSPs) and their function, research progress on the association of HSPs with plant tolerance to heat stress as well as the response of the HSPs under heat stress as an adaptive defence mechanism.



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