International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Home About Us Scope Editorial Board Blog/Latest News Contact Us
10th percentile
Powered by  Scopus
Scopus coverage:
Nov 2018 to May 2020


IJSTR >> Volume 4 - Issue 11, November 2015 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

Delineating Groundwater Contaminant Plums Using Self-Potential Surveying Method In Perth Area, Australia

[Full Text]



Okan Evans Onojasun



Key Words: Leakages, Underground pipe, self-potential, roving, leapfrog



Abstract: Self-potential survey was carried out in Kalamunda area of Perth, Western Australia with aim of delineating groundwater contaminant plums/ leakages. Two self-potential electrode configuration, the roving dipole, where one electrode is left in a base position, while the other electrode scouts each survey position, and the leapfrogging approach were potential differences are measured between consecutive sample stations along the line were employed to collect data. Results obtained from the experiments shows numerous small circular potential anomalies which could be interpreted as sources of leakages due to geothermal activity but the only trends that could be correlated across all surveys were the linear E-W trend which shows the location and the direction of the pipe underground to a depth of perhaps 2m. Other anomalies on the map show variations which could be as a result of trees interference on the observed data.



[1] B. Khesin, “Use of Geophysical Methods for the Solution of Environmental Problems in Israel”, HALT Journal of Science and Engineering B, Volume 2, Issues 1-2, pp. 95-124, 2005

[2] C.E. Corry, G.T. De Moully, M.T. Gerety, “Field Procedure Manual for Self-Potential Surveys” Z.E.R.O. Publishing, Arizona, USA 1983.

[3] J.E. Nyquist, and C.E Corry, “Self-potential: The ugly duckling of environmental geophysics” The Leading Edge, 21(5), 446-451 2002.

[4] D.K. Butler, and J.L. Llopis “Assessment of anomalous seepage conditions” Geotechnical and Environmental Geophysics, Vol. 2: Environmental and Groundwater. S. H. Ward, ed., Society of Exploration Geophysicists, Tulsa, OK (1990)

[5] R.F. Corwin, “the Self-Potential Method for Environmental and Engineering Applications, Geotechnical and Environmental Geophysics. Volume I: Review and Tutorial. S.H. Ward (ed.) Society of Exploration Geophysics (1990)

[6] A. Lange. & K. Kilty Natural-potential responses of karst systems at the ground surface; Proceedings of the Third Conference on Hydrogeology, Ecology, Monitoring, and Management of Hydrogeology in Karst Terrains, 179-196 (1991).

[7] F. Fagerlund,. & C. Heinson, Detecting subsurface groundwater flow in fractured rock using self-potential (SP) methods; Environmental Geology 43, 782-794 (2003).

[8] M. Aubert, & Q. Atangana, Self-potential method in hydrogeological exploration of volcanic areas, Ground Water 34, 1010-1016 (1996)

[9] M.A. Eriksen, Field Geophysics 4th Edition, Wiley, Pp 213-214 (2011).

[10] P.M. Keary, Brooks, I An Introduction to Geophysical Exploration; 3rd Edition; Blackwell Science Pp 183-185 (2002).

[11] A.E. Mussett, Khan, M.A. Looking into the Earth: An Introduction to Geological Geophysics; Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (2009)

[12] D. Parasnis, D. Principles of Applied Geophysics, Chapman and Hall, New York, 402 pp (1986).

[13] J. M. Reynolds, An introduction to Applied and Environmental Geophysics. 1st Edition, Wiley Pp 127 (2007)

[14] R.F. Corwin & D.B. Hoover the self-potential method in geothermal exploration, Geophysics, 44, pp. 226–245 (1979).

[15] R.E Sheriff Geophysical Methods Prentice Hall. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey 1989

[16] H.W. Stanley Resistivity and Induced Polarization Methods: Science and Research document, University of Utar Research Institute (2004).

[17] W.E. Wightman, F. Jalinoos, P. Sirles, & K. Hanna “Application of Geophysical Methods to Highway Related Problems”, accessed September 15, 2015 (2003).

[18] M. Sato, & H.M mooney “the electrochemical mechanism of supplied self-potentials” Geophysics, 25, 226-2 (1960)

[19] E.S. Parasnis “Mining geophysics” New York, Elsevier, 356p. 1966,

[20] W.M. Telford, C.P. Geldart, R.S. Sheriff, and O.A. Keys,) Applied geophysics Cambridge University Press Cambridge (1976)