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IJSTR >> Volume 5 - Issue 10, November 2016 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

Role Of Non-Governmental Organizations Leadership In The Implementation Of Community Development Projects In Arumeru District, Tanzania

[Full Text]



Rajabu Ally Mtunge, Samuel Obino Mokaya



Leadership, Non Governmental Organization, Community development projects, Communication, Vision, accountability and Commitment.



The purpose of this study was to examine the role of leadership in the implementation of community development projects by local non-governmental organizations in Arumeru District, Tanzania. The study applied survey design, which covered the sample of 46 respondents including District Executive Director, District Social Workers, Non-Governmental Organization leaders, workers and volunteers and community members in Arumeru district, Tanzania. The study employed simple random sampling technique in order to ensure equal chance of an individual being involved in this study as inferential statistics considered. Data collected from a sample of 46 NGOs’ employees using a semi-structured questionnaire with both closed and open-ended questions. The collected data analyzed using both descriptive and inferential statistics. The descriptive statistical tools used included frequencies, mean and standard deviation while inferential statistical tool used was correlation. Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) version 19 used for analyzing the data collected. The study achieved a response of 46 out of a sample of 47, representing a response rate of 97.87%. The results show that a significant number of NGOs (34.8%) had not completed their projects, 21.7% stated that less than five projects were complete and 43.5% of the respondents confirmed that more than five projects not completed over the last one year. Regarding the influence of leadership on implementation of project; spearman’s rank correlation revealed a very strong positive correlation (0.910) between of leadership vision and implementation of community development projects, a strong, positive correlation between communication and implementation of community development projects (rho = 0.730, n = 46, p < .001), strong positive correlation between commitment and implementation of community developmental projects, which was statistically significant, rs = .601, p = .000 and a positive correlation between accountability and implementation of community development projects which was statistically significant, rs = .355, p = .015. The study concludes that the implementation of community development projects in Arumeru District by NGOs was below average and greatly influenced by leadership vision, communication, accountability and commitment. There is an urgent need to take NGOs performance assessment seriously in order to justify activities with substantiated evidence rather than with anecdote or rhetoric. Further investigations need to be conducted to establish the challenges facing NGOs in the implementation of the projects.



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