International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Home About Us Scope Editorial Board Blog/Latest News Contact Us
10th percentile
Powered by  Scopus
Scopus coverage:
Nov 2018 to May 2020


IJSTR >> Volume 5 - Issue 10, November 2016 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

Assessment Of Ethical Behavior Among Professionals At Procurement And After Tendering Process With Its Impacts And Drivers In Nepalese Construction Industry

[Full Text]



Ram Sagar Yadav, Indra Narayan Shrestha, Anjay Kumar Mishra



Code of Conduct, Construction Industry, Ethics, Ethical Behavior, Factors Lead, Impacts, KII, Procurement System.



Objective of this study is to assess ethical behavior among professionals at procurement and after tendering process with its impacts and drivers in Nepalese Construction Industry. Different literatures were reviewed to assess ethical practices along with its cause and effect inside Nepalese Construction Industry. Pilot study was conducted for the validity of the questionnaire. One key informant from each selected organization was interviewed. The questionnaire contains shortcomings of ethical behavior at procurement and after tendering phase, impact of shortcomings of ethical practices and factors leading to these ethical practices based on the objectives of the research. Five ranking Likert Scale were used. The collected data were analyzed based on relative importance index (RII) in three different categories as Investigating Offices (3 numbers), Professional Associations (4 numbers) and Government Departments (4 numbers) with total of 11 organizations. All together 240 respondents were targeted out of which 170 response were collected with response rate of 70.83%. The research shows that for commitment of professionals “The overall level of unethical conduct in construction industry” is placed at first rank with agreement level of 72.7%. For Professionals shortcomings of ethical behavior at procurement phase “Individuals or organizations undertaking work without adequate qualification / experience / training” is placed at first rank with agreement level of 68.00%. For Professionals shortcomings of ethical behavior after awarding the Tender “Contractor’s professional don’t dispose waste in suitable and safe ways which is friendly with the environment” is placed at first rank with agreement level of 67.50%. For factors lead to shortcomings of ethical behavior “Personal culture or personal behavior” is placed at first rank with agreement level of 78.20%. From the research, it is clear that shortcomings of ethical behaviors have negative impact firstly on cost as it affects the profitability of the organization and causes loss for these organizations every year. Secondly, it affects the projects quality as it is noticed that construction projects quality in Nepal ranges from moderate to very low. The dissemination of ethical awareness, heavier penalties, compulsory training, and setting code of ethics are considered the best ways to monitor these shortcomings of ethical behaviors occurred in construction industry. The codes of practice are the most feasible way to attempt change behavior. Characteristic and responsibility that professionals should have is important in order to perform their work. With a good character and full set of responsibilities in hand, professional will always know what to do when facing problem and will try their best to avoid any shortcomings of ethical behavior. A self-building training and motivation to comprehend the professional about the responsibility and character as an ethical professional should be conducted from time to time.



[1] FCAN. Available at: http://www.fcan.org.np/pages.php?pid=83. Assessed on 8th August, 2016.

[2] S. Baral. Nepalese Construction Industry: Challenges and Opportunities. Available at: http://santoshbaral.blogspot.com/2009/12/nepalese-construction-industry.html Assessed on 8th August 2016

[3] R.K. Pande. Available at: http://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:QPvio4McwPIJ:www.ncf.org.np/upload/files/752_en_3._Role_of_Consulting_Industry_Kamal_pande__Final%5B1%5D.pdf+andcd=10andhl=enandct=clnkandgl=np. Assessed on 8th august 2016

[4] K. London. Ethical Behavior in the Construction Procurement Process, Bringing them Home: Research Project No: 2002-62-A: A Review of Ethical decision making literature, Report of Cooperative Research Center for Construction Innovation, Industry and Business Development, Australia, 2006.

[5] CIOB. Bringing them Home: Report of the Corruption in the UK Construction Industry, UK, 2006.

[6] A. Hassim, S. Kajewski and B. Trigunarsyah. Factors contributing to Ethical Issues in Project Procurement Planning: A Case Study in Malaysia, Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Construction and Real Estate Management, Royal on the Park Hotel, Brisbane, Queensland, 2010.

[7] A. Pahari. Values and Education. A Journal on Infrastructure Development Prabidhik, Vol.1, Issue 1, October 2015.

[8] Oxford Dictionary. Concise Oxford Dictionary: 10th edition, Oxford University Press, UK, 1999.

[9] J. Hendrick. Law and Ethics, Nelson Thornes Ltd, United Kingdom, 2008.

[10] FMI/CMAA. Bringing them Home: Report of Survey of Construction Industry Ethical Practices, FMI Corporation, 2004.

[11] R. Fellows. Professionalism in Construction: Culture and Ethics, CIB TG 23 International Conference, Hong Kong, 2003.

[12] A. Hamzah, C. Wang and X. Yap. 'How Professional Ethics Impact Construction Quality: Perception and Evidence in a Fast Developing Economy, Scientific Research and Essays, Vol. 5, No. 23, pp.3742-3749, 2010.

[13] S. Sinha, T. Randolph, J. Kulka. Integrating Ethics into Engineering Design of Construction Process, American Society for Engineering Education Annual Conference and Exposition, 2004.

[14] W. Wulf. Engineering Ethics and Society, Technology in Society, Vol. 26, pp. 385-390, 2004.

[15] A. Hamimah, N. Hashim, N. Yusuwan and N. Ahmad. Ethical Issues in the Construction Industry: Contractor's Perspective, Procedia- Social and Behavioral Sciences, Vol. 35, pp. 719-727, 2012.

[16] R. Pearl, P. Bowen, N. Makanjee, A. Akintoye and K. Evans. Professional Ethics in the South African Construction Industry - A Pilot Study, in front outback - Conference Proceeding, Australian Universities Building Educators Association, Brisbane, 2005.

[17] N. Ehsan, S. Anwar and M. Talha. Professional Ethics in Construction Industry of Pakistan, World Congress on Engineering, Vol. 2176, Issue.1, pp. 729-733, 2009.

[18] J. Bond. Professional Ethics and Corporate Social Responsibility, Process Safety and Environmental Protection, Vol. 87, Issue. 3, pp. 184 -190, 2009.

[19] S.K. Regmi. Public Procurement System: A Check and Balance Power. Public Procurement Journal, Vol.5, Issue 1, May, 2016.

[20] R.K. Sapkota. Addressing Quality Issues in Local Infrastructures Development in Nepal, A journal on Infrastructure Development Prabidhik, Vol.1, Issue 1, October 2015.

[21] D. Tow and M. Loosemore. Corporate Ethics in the Construction and Engineering Industry, Journal of Legal Affairs and Dispute Resolution in Engineering and Construction, vol. 1, No. 3, pp. 122-129, 2009.

[22] P. Mishra and D. Mittal. An Ethical approach towards Sustainable Project Success, Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, Vol. 25, pp. 338-344, 2011.

[23] R.S. Yadav. Assessment of Ethical Behavior among Professionals at Procurement and after Tendering Process with its Impacts and Drivers in Nepalese Construction Industry. Department of Civil Engineering, Nepal Engineering College – Centre for Postgraduate Studies, Pokhara University. Thesis No. 543