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IJSTR >> Volume 5 - Issue 10, November 2016 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

A Curriculum For Dispensing Optician: A Case Study In Vietnam

[Full Text]



Duong Dieu MD



Optician curriculum, primary eye care, refractive errors, eye diseases, student characteristics.



Until 2011 there had been no full-time training course for dispensing optician diploma in Vietnam. Most of the practicing opticians with no qualification and formal training have learnt their skills through apprentice. In response to the demand of the industry, Nguyen Tat Thanh University (Vietnam) has teamed up with Bradford College (United Kingdom) to develop a curriculum for a of formal 2-year full-time training for dispensing optician. The curriculum is applied for 4 semesters, and graduate gets called Intermediate Professional Diploma, level included 4 semesters. (In VN after high school, students can obtain different many levels of study such as: Intermediate Professional Diploma; College; Bachelor; Master and PhD). The 1st semester is basis of Intermediate Professional Diploma level. The 2nd semester is the study of refractive error and primary care, each for 4 weeks (100 hours) in theory and primary eye care 4 weeks for theory (100 hours). Also in this semester, the learners have practiced clinical rotation at the Ophthalmic Hospital / Ophthalmic Service in General Hospital for 10 weeks. The 3rd semester is specialized of dispensing Optician included: Lenses, frame, contact lenses, and laboratory for optician. In the 4th semester, the training concentrates in the management of the eyeglasses shop and practicing in making spectacles for customers are in the 4th semester. The 1st intake of the course was opened started in 2011 and had 30 students graduated in 2013. This paper describes the experience of developing the curriculum in the context of a developing country where the industry is still under regulated and less developed. The first program optician that privileged on primary eye care will be satisfied for community (WHO 2020: 1 optometrist for 50.000 people and 10 ophthalmologists for 1.000.000 people). Some characteristics of first course’ students have been noted. The result of this curriculum will be evaluated in the coming time.



[1] Vietnam National Program for Eye care and Prevention of Blindness 2010-2013 periods. Available: http://www.vnio.vn/Tin-tuc-hoat-dong/webmail-k-hoch-quc-gia-phong-chng-mu-loa-va-chm-soc-mt-vit-nam-giai-on-2010-2013.html;

[2] Validated Program Specification Document BSc (Hons) Ophthalmic Dispensing. Available from: https://xcri.bradfordcollege.ac.uk/files/167703/BSc%20(Hons)%20Ophthalmic%20Dispensing%20Program%20Specification.pdf and https://www.bradfordcollege.ac.uk/ Bradford college, UK .

[3] Introduction to the GOC (General Optical Council). Available: https://www.optical.org/en/about_us/introduction_to_the_goc/index.cfm http://www.optical.org

[4] The dispensing optician. Available from: Association of British Dispensing Optician http://www.abdo.org.; uk/information-for-the-public/ and http://www.abdo.org.uk/

[5] Register to take Practice Exams. Available from http://www.abo-ncle.org

[6] How to identify your eye care providers? Available from: http://www.healthprofessionals.gov.sg/content/hprof/oob/en/topnav/about_optometristsopticians.html and https://www.oob.moh.gov.sg

[7] The needs of training of optician in Vietnam – Decision of Vietnam Ministry of Education and Training to approve Nguyen Tat Thanh College to offer Professional Diploma courses in ophthalmic dispensing from 2011; No: 840/QD-BGDDT. Available: http://duongdieumd.blogspot.com/2015/04/khoa-nhan-quang-h-nguyen-tat-thanh.html.