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IJSTR >> Volume 6 - Issue 11, November 2017 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

Predictive Factors Associated With Hypertension Alone, Diabetes Alone And The Coexistence Of Both Among Adults In Ghana.

[Full Text]



Ekpereka S. Nawfal, Christine Unson, Chinyere Okeke, Evi Abada



Coexistence of hypertension and diabetes, diabetes, hypertension, obesity, physical inactivity, waist circumference, BMI.



The purpose of this study was to examine the predictive factors associated with hypertension alone, diabetes alone and the coexistence of both among adults in Ghana. Hypertension and diabetes are known silent killers. Cardiovascular disease is one of the ten leading causes of death worldwide, and it is noted that hypertension and diabetes are major risk factors for cardiovascular disease. This was a cross-sectional study design using self-reported secondary data from World Health Organization (WHO) Study on Global AGEing and adult health (SAGE), Ghana – 2007/8, wave 1 and the data was analyzed using SPSS version 23 with statistical significant level at p=0.05. A total number of 5573 samples were analyzed for the study. The participants were aged 18years and above with an average age of 60.19 years (SD = 14.06). Hypertension and diabetes variables were documented for 5089 (91.3%) and 5090 (91.3%) respondents respectively. Out of the number of documented respondents, 12.1% had hypertension, 3.5% had diabetes, while 1.5% had coexistence of hypertension and diabetes. Bivariate analyses result showed that gender, age, BMI, waist circumference and physical activity were independently significantly associated with hypertension alone, diabetes alone and the coexistence of both. Multivariate analyses revealed that age has the greatest impact on the three dependent variables.



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