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IJSTR >> Volume 7 - Issue 11, November 2018 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

Effect Of Fiber Length Of The Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunch On Manufacture Particle Board With Urea Formaldehyde Adhesive Toward The Characteristics

[Full Text]



Asfarizal Saad, Anwar Kasim, Gunawarman, Santosa



particle board, fiber length, MOR and MOE, density, moisture content, OPEFB.



Oil palm empty fruit bunches (OPEFB), which is abundant in every crude palm oil industry and has not been optimally used, oil palm empty fruit bunches has the high potential for particle board materials. The characteristic of the particle board is determined by the composition, fiber length, fiber orientation, and fiber diameters. This research is aimed to determine the effect of fiber length toward characteristics particle board. The fiber length OPEFB from 0.1 to 8 cm, used Urea Formaldehyde adhesive with the composition of 12%wt. The fiber and adhesive evenly mixed and press cold for 15 minutes, followed by hot press at the temperature of 130ºC for 15 and 20 minutes, then cooled. Determined the characteristic of the particle board is a measurement of density, moisture content, and Modulus of Rupture, Modulus of Elasticity with bending test and Internal Bonding. The result particle board with eight treatments of fiber length showed that fiber length does not affect density but affect the moisture content, Modulus of Rupture and Modulus of Elasticity. Modulus of Rupture, density and moisture contens meet the standards SNI 03-2105-2006 and JIS A 5908-2003 for medium density. Modulus of Elasticity and Modulus Rupture tend to decrease against increasing length fiber.



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