International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Home About Us Scope Editorial Board Blog/Latest News Contact Us
10th percentile
Powered by  Scopus
Scopus coverage:
Nov 2018 to May 2020


IJSTR >> Volume 8 - Issue 11, November 2019 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

An Experimental Study To Utilize The Processed Vegetable Waste As A Soil Medium

[Full Text]



Senthilkumar. PL, kavimani. T



Vegetable waste, Processed Waste (PW), Sorghum bicolor, Root to Shoot ratio (R:S).



The openly dumped vegetable waste pollutes the soil and releases greenhouse gases which contribute to global warming. In the present study, the discarded vegetable wastes are processed and further, the experiment was carried out to utilize the Processed Waste (PW) as a soil medium for plant growth. For experimentation, five different mix proportions were attempted for assessing the growth of Sorghum bicolor or great millet a grass species largely used for cattle feed. The Processed Waste was mixed with soil (river sand) in the ratios (PW to soil), of 25:75 (P1), 50:50 (P2), 75:25 (P3), 100 (P4) percent PW and 100 (P5) percent soil. The experiment was carried out for 20 days and during experimentation pH, Temperature, Moisture content (MC), Electrical Conductivity (EC), and volume of water supplied were periodically monitored and recorded. The physical characteristics of five mix proportions (P1 to P5) provide optimum conditions for plant growth at the beginning of the experiment. However, the mediums mixed with PW possess 10 to 15 % higher Water Holding Capacity (WHC) than the sand medium. Further, it was observed that air-filled porosity in the mediums mixed with PW was 30 to 40 % higher than sand. The chemical characteristics indicate that the pH of the mix holds PW was slightly towards acidic to neutral (pH of 6.5 to 6.9) and it was acidic in soil (pH of 5.7). The EC of soil (1.3 dS/m) is less than EC (1.9 to 2.2 dS/m) of PW mixed medium this might because of the presence of higher nutrient content in the PW mixed medium. At the end of the experiment, it was inferred that the plants in pot P3 aided with 75% PW and 25% Sand show a higher growth rate than other mix combinations. The growth rate was assessed by determining the Root to Shoot ratio (R: S) and mean weight gained by the plants in the respective bins.



Maharana, L., and Koul, D. N. (2011). The emergence of Hydroponics. Yojana (June), Vol.55, pp.39-40.
[2] Aatif Hussain, Kaiser Iqbal, Showket Aziem, Prasanto Mahato, A.K. Negi. (2014). A Review On The Science Of Growing Crops Without Soil (Soilless Culture) – A Novel Alternative For Growing Crops. International Journal of Agriculture and Crop Sciences. Vol.7-11, pp.833-842.
[3] Hassall, C, Hollinshead, J and Hull, A (2011). Environmental correlates of plant and invertebrate species richness in ponds. Biodiversity and Conservation, 20 (13). 3189 - 3222. ISSN 0960-3115. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10531-011-0142-9
[4] Senthilkumar, P.L. and Murugappan, A. 2016. An experimental study on accelerating the vermicomposting process by stocking vegetable market waste. European Journal of Advances in Engineering and Technology, 3(10): 55-60.
[5] APHA. (2005). Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater, 19th Ed., American Public Health Association, Washington, DC.
[6] Abad, P., Vaury, C., Pelisson, A., Chaboissier, M.C., Busseau, I., Bucheton, A. (1989). A long interspersed repetitive element - The I factor of Drosophila teissieri -- is able to transpose in different Drosophila species. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. Vol.86, pp.8887--8891.
[7] Senthilkumar, P.L. and Kavimani, T. (2012). Investigation on application of synthetic nutrients for augmenting worm growth rate in vermicomposting. Journal of Urban and Environmental Engineering, Vol. 6(1), pp.30-35.

[8] Senthilkumar, P.L., Murugappan, A., Balaji, K. and Kavimani, T. (2016). An experimental study to assess the effect of aeration in substrate depth of vermicomposting process. International Journal of Applied Engineering Research, Vol. 11(3), pp.124-137.
[9] Ranganathan, L.S. (2006). Vermibiotechnology: From Soil Health to Human Health. Agrobios, India.
[10] Senthilkumar Palaniappan, Murugappan Alagappan and Senthilkumar Rayar. (2018). Influence of Substrate Particle Size on Vermicomposting of Pre-processed Vegetable Waste. Nature Environment and Pollution Technology. Vol. 17 (1), pp. 277-286
[11] Suthar, S. (2012). Earthworm production in cattle dung vermicomposting system under different stocking density loads. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, Vol.19, pp. 748-755.
[12] Crawford JH. Composting of agriculture waste. Cheremisinoff P.N, Onellette, R.P. Applications and Research. Technomic Publishing Company, 1985.