International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

IJSTR@Facebook IJSTR@Twitter IJSTR@Linkedin
Home About Us Scope Editorial Board Blog/Latest News Contact Us

IJSTR >> Volume 3- Issue 1, January 2014 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

Effect Of Sugar Cane Bagasse, Cattle Manure And Sand Addition On Some Physical And Chemical Properties Of The Clay Soils And Sunflower Production In Central Of Sudan

[Full Text]



Osama A. Muhieldeen, Elamin. A. Ahmed, Abdelgani M. Shalih





Abstract: The study was conducted at the experimental Farm of the Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Gezira University, Wad Medani, Sudan, during the winter of 2004 and autumn 2005, to investigate the effects of adding bagasse, cattle manure and sand 5n some physical and chemical properties of the soil and production of Sunflower. Each of the treatment was applied at a rate of 0, 30, 45 and 75 t/ha in a RCBD with three replications. The study showed that increasing the rate of the bagasse and cattle manure resulted in a highly significant reduction in soil bulk density, but the addition of sand resulted in increasing the bulk density. Also it was found that porosity was increased highly significant when adding bagasse and cattle manure, and a highly significant reduction in porosity when adding sand to the soil. Bagasse was most effective in reducing bulk density followed by cattle manure and sand. The study showed that increasing the rates of addition of each treatment resulted in small increment in exchangeable potassium, total soil nitrogen and phosphorous. The highest production of sunflower (3.25 and 3.74 t/ha) was obtained by addition of 45 t/ha of cattle manure to the soil, which increased the production by 34.6% and 37% when compared to the control in the first and second season, respectively. Also the production increased by 21.6% and 29.3% when adding 45 t/ha of bagasse to the soil in the first and second season, respectively, and the addition of 45 t/ha of sand to the soil increased the production of sunflower by 19.3% and 24% for the first and second season, respectively.



[1]. Andrade, A, D. W. Wolfe, and E. Fereres 1993. Leaf expansion, photosynthesis and water relations of sunflower plants grown on compacted soil. Plant and soil. 149 (2) : 175 – 184.

[2]. Buckingham, F. 1976. Fundamentals of machine operation. Tillage copyright 1976 Deere & company Moline, Iinois, USA.

[3]. Czyz, E. and U. Kukier 1997. The effect of soil bulk density and water content on soil aeration, nitrogen forms and barley yield, Fragmenta Agron. 2A/97 , pp. 163–166.

[4]. Cambardella, C. A and Elliott, E. T., 1993. Carbon and nitrogin distribution in aggregates from cultivated and native grassland soils. Soil Science Society Am. J .57: 1804 –1811.

[5]. Feller, C. and Beare, M.H., 1997. Physical control of soil organic matter dynamics in the tropics. Geoderma 79, pp. 69–116.

[6]. Franzluebbers, A. J., 2002. Water infiltration and soil structure related to organic matter and its stratification with depth. Soil Till. Res. 66, 197 – 205.

[7]. Franzluebbers, A. J., Hons, F. M. and Zuberer, D. A., 1995. Tillage and crop effects on seasonal soil carbon and nitrogen dynamics. Soil Sc. Soc. Am. J. 59: 1618 –1624.

[8]. Hillel, D. ,1969. Introduction to soil physics. London, Academic Press.

[9]. Hoogmoed W.B., 1999. Tillage for soil and water conservation in the semi-arid tropics. Tropical Resource Management Paper No. 24. Wageningen University, Wageningen.

[10]. Maiorana,M., Convertiint, G., Ferri, D. and Montemurro, F., 2003. Effects of soil tillage depth and crop residues incorporation on yields and quality of winter wheat (Triticum durum desf.) in continuous cropping. Proc. of the 4th International Conference of ORBIT Association on biological Processing of Organics: Advances for Sustainable Society, PP. 515 – 521.

[11]. Palm, C.A., Myers, J.K.R., Nandwa, S.M., 1997. Combined use of organic and inorganic nutrient sources for soil fertility maintenance and replenishment. In: Buresh, R.G., Sanchez, P.A., Calhoun, F. (Eds.), Replenishing Soil Fertility in Africa. SSS Special Publication No. 51. SSSA, Madison, USA, pp. 193–217.

[12]. Reeves, D. W. (1997). The role of soil organic matter in maintaining soil quality in continuous croping system. Soil Till. Res. 43: pp 131 –167.

[13]. Stevenson, F. J. and M. A. Cole 1999. Cycle of soil (2nd ed.), Wiley, New York, NY, USA.

[14]. Warkentin B. P., 1995. The changing concept of soil quality, J. Soil Water Cons. May–June (1995), pp. 226–228.

[15]. Wilson M. J. and B. Maliszewska-Kordybach, 2000 Editors, Soil Quality, Sustainable Agriculture and Environmental Security in Central and Eastern Europe. Series 2, Environment Security vol. 69, Kluwer, Dordrecht.

[16]. Zebarth, B. J., Neilsen, G. H, Hogue, E. and Neilsen, D.. 1999. Influence of organic waste amendment on selected soil physical and chemical properties. Can. J. Soil. Sci. 79: 501 – 504.