IJSTR

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

IJSTR@Facebook IJSTR@Twitter IJSTR@Linkedin
Home About Us Scope Editorial Board Blog/Latest News Contact Us
CALL FOR PAPERS
AUTHORS
DOWNLOADS
CONTACT
QR CODE
IJSTR-QR Code

IJSTR >> Volume 2- Issue 12, December 2013 Edition



International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616



Thermal And Environmental Performance Of A Residential Building: A Portuguese Case Study

[Full Text]

 

AUTHOR(S)

J. V. Ferreira, I. Domingos

 

KEYWORDS

KEYWORDS: Building Certification, Energy Performance, Environmental Performance, Life Cycle Assessment

 

ABSTRACT

Abstract: This work presents the results of the thermal and environmental performance of a new residential building, as a function of the heating system used, designed to Viseu, a moderate climate zone in Portugal. A case study has been conducted on a conventional residential building, modeled according to Portuguese Thermal Building Regulation (that is complying with EN ISO 13790 and EN 15603) and Life Cycle Assessment methodologies. Two scenarios were studied: the scenario 'VIS-HP' where a heat pump is used as the heating system and the scenario 'VIS-WH' using a wood heater as the heating system. In terms of energy, the results show that the scenario 'VIS-WH' is about 2.4 times more efficient than scenario 'VIS-HP'. According to Portuguese Energy System Certification, the scenario VIS-WH is labeled as class (A+) and the scenario VIS-HP as class (A). From an environmental point of view the 'VIS-WH' scenario has a lower environmental load than the 'VIS-HP' scenario if a very high weight is given to 'Resources' while a very low weight is given to 'Human Health' and 'Ecosystem Quality'. Otherwise, the opposite is true

 

REFERENCES

[1] European Commission, EU Energy in Figures, Statistical Pocket Book., 2012. Doi:10.2833/11169

[2] EU, “Europe 2020, A strategy for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth,” Communication 2020 from the Commission, Brussels, 3.3.2010

[3] EU, “A Roadmap for moving to a competitive low carbon economy in 2050,” Communication 112 from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions, Brussels, 8.3.2011

[4] EU, “Energy Efficiency Plan 2011,” Communication 109 from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions, Brussels, 8.3.2011

[5] Directive 2012/27/EU of the European Parliament, and of the Council of 25 October 2012 on energy efficiency, amending Directives 2009/125/EC and 2010/30/EU and repealing Directives 2004/8/EC and 2006/32/EC, 2012

[6] Directive 2010/31/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 19 may 2010 on the energy performance of buildings (recast), Official Journal of the European Communities, 53, 2010

[7] P. Santos, P. Mateus, E. Maldonado, “Implementation of the EPBD in Portugal, Status in November 2010,” Technical Report, European Union, 2011

[8] J. Kurnitski, F. Allard, D. Braham, G. Goeders, P. Heiselberg, L. Jagemar, R. Kosonen, J. Lebrun, L. Mazzarella, J. Railio, O. Seppänen, M. Schmidt, M. Virta, “How to define nearly net zero energy buildings, nZEB,” REHVA European HVAC Journal, 03/2011

[9] Directive 2002/91/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 December 2002 on the energy performance of buildings, Official Journal of the European Communities, 04.01.2003

[10] Decree-Law 78/2006, “National Energy Certification System and Indoor Air Quality in Buildings (SCE),” (´in Portuguese´), Diário da República, I Série A, N.º 67, de 4 de Abril de 2006

[11] Decree-Law 80/2006, “Regulation of Characteristics of Thermal Performance of Buildings (RCCTE),” (´in Portuguese´), Diário da República, I Série A, N.º 67, de 4 de Abril de 2006

[12] Agencia para a Energia (ADENE), “Energy Certification and Indoor Air Buildings, Energy Certification System – General,” (´in Portuguese´), www.adene.pt/pt-pt/SubPortais/SCE /Introducao /Documents/SCE_Geral3.pdf. 2009

[13] Laboratório Nacional de Energia e Geologia, I.P., “SOLTERM 5.1.4. Manual, Performance Analysis of Photovoltaic and Solar Thermal Systems,” Lisboa, 2012

[14] International Organization for Standardization, “ISO 14040:2006, Environmental management - Life cycle assessment - Principles and framework,” Geneva, Switzerland, 2006

[15] International Organization for Standardization, “ISO 14044:2006, Environmental management - Life cycle assessment - Requirements and guidelines, Geneva, Switzerland, 2006

[16] I. Sartori, “Modelling energy demand in the Norwegian building stock, Issues related to case studies and scenario analysis,”PhD Thesis, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, 2008

[17] J. Ferreira, “Environmental Management, Life Cycle Assessment of Products,” (´in Portuguese), http://www.estgv.ipv.pt/Paginas Pessoais/jvf/Gest%C3%A3o%20Ambiental%20-%20An%C3%A1lise %20de%20Ciclo%20de%20Vida.pdf. 2004

[18] R. Dones, C. Bauer, R. Bollinger, B. Burger, M. Emmenegger, R . Frischknecht, T. Heck, N. Jungbluth, A. Roder, M. Tuchschmid, “Life Cycle Inventories of Energy Systems: Results for Currente Systems in Switzerland and other UCTE Countries,” Ecoinvent Report Nº. 5, Paul Scherrer Institut Villigen, Swiss Centre for Life Cycle Inventories, Dubendorf, CH, 2007

[19] B. Vigon, D. Tolle, B. Cornaby, H. Latham, C. Arrison, T. Boguski, R. Hunt, J. Sellers, Life-Cycle Assessment: Inventory Guidelines and Principles, Washington D.C. & Cincinnati: Ofice of Research And Development, USEPA, 1992

[20] M. Goedkoop, A. Schryver, M. Oele, D. Roest, M. Vieira, S. Durksz, SimaPro 7 tutorial, Pré Consultants BV, Amersfoort, The Netherlands, 2010

[21] M. Goedkoop, M. Oele, A. Schryver, M. Vieira, S. Hegger, SimaPro Database Manual, Methods library, Pré Consultants BV, Amersfoort, The Netherlands, 2010