Effects Of Botanical Extracts And A Synthetic Fungicide On Severity Of Cercospora Leaf Spot (Cercospora Sesame Zimm) On Sesame (Sesamum Indicum L.) Yield Attributes Under Screen House Condition In Ardo-Kola, Taraba State, Nigeria.
Tunwari, B.A., Nahunnaro, H
Key words: Sesame, Cercospora sesami, botanical extracts, growth attributes.
ABSTRACT: Screen house trials consisting five plant extracts including a synthetic fungicide (Azadirachta indica, Jatropha curcas Linn., Alium sativum, Ocimum gratissimum, Chromolaena odorata and Benlate ) were tested at the Taraba State University(TSU) Research Farm centre (Ardokoa: Latitude 080 53′N and Longitude 110 19′E) in a completely randomized design arrangement. The results of the screen house experiments proved that the plant extracts (Garlic, Ocimum, Chromolaena and Benlate) led to 15.56 to 15.22% reduction of severity respectively, which culminated in to 31.18 to 30.26%, 14.04 to 15.79%, 21.21 to 21.76%, and 12.83 to 20.29% increased in capsules per plant, seeds per capsule, 1000 seeds weight and seeds yield per plant in 2011 and 2012 respectively over the unsprayed control treatment.
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