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IJSTR >> Volume 3- Issue 12, December 2014 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

Mechanical Reinforcements Of Composites Made From Fiber Of Fruit Bunch Palm Oil By Adding Carbon Nanotube

[Full Text]



Praswasti PDK Wulan, Asep Handaya Saputra, Widodo Wahyu Purwanto



Keywords: carbon nanotubes, mechanical strength, epoxy matrix, fruit bunch palm oil fiber



Abstract: Composite materials (also called composition materials or shortened to composites) are materials made from two or more constituent materials with significantly different physical or chemical properties, that when combined, produce a material with characteristics different from the individual components. Fruit bunch palm oil is a palm oil plantation wastes containing cellulose fibers can be used as the building blocks of the composite. Natural fiber composites with epoxy matrix is known to have good chemical resistance. The addition of carbon nanotubes (CNT) in composites is known by many studies can improve the mechanical properties. In this study, the addition of carbon nanotubes in the composite fiber of fruit bunch palm oil with epoxy matrix as much as 0.1%, 0.5%, and 1% of the weight matrix is used. Fruit bunch palm oil fiber obtained by chemical retting methods. To improve compatibility, and functionalization of CNT and fruit bunch palm oil fiber conducted using mild acid oxidation and silane coupling agent and proven not to damage the structure and size of the CNT. The addition of CNT increases the tensile strength of fruit bunch palm oil fiber with epoxy matrix of 10.03%, 4.75%, and 7.75%. The increase in buckling strength occurs at 51.64%, 65.8%, and 105.9% respectively.



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