IJSTR

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Home About Us Scope Editorial Board Blog/Latest News Contact Us
0.2
2019CiteScore
 
10th percentile
Powered by  Scopus
Scopus coverage:
Nov 2018 to May 2020

CALL FOR PAPERS
AUTHORS
DOWNLOADS
CONTACT

IJSTR >> Volume 5 - Issue 2, February 2016 Edition



International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616



Synthesis Of Arts In Architecture Of Uzbekistan Of The Ancient Period

[Full Text]

 

AUTHOR(S)

Nurmukhamedova Shoira Zahidovna

 

KEYWORDS

monumental sculpture and painting, synthesis in art, architectonics, relief, bass relief, wall painting, murals, Asian traditional means, frieze, art effect, scale.

 

ABSTRACT

As in ancient architecture of Greece and Rome there was an interconnection between picturesque and monumental forms of arts, in antique period in the architecture of Uzbekistan there was a tight connection between architecture and such forms of picturesque arts as monumental painting, sculpture. Determinant factor of their application was the scale of the monument itself, the height of the walls, the conditions of viewing. These forms of arts represented an organic unity in regard to architecture, improved it by color and plastic solutions, underlying and emphasizing the architectonics of the interior by art means.

 

REFERENCES

[1] Pichikyan I.R. Masterpieces of Arts of Oxus Temple as a Source of Information about Foreign Cultural Contacts of Bactria: 148p.

[2] Bichurin N.Ya. Collection of Data on Peoples Living in Central Asia in Ancient Times. - Moscow-Leningrad, 1950, v. II. - p. 315; Bartold V.V. The History of Cultural Life of Turkestan. - L., 1927.

[3] Lelekov L.A. Local Centers of Hellenistic Artistic Culture in Central Asia // Antiquity and ancient traditions in the culture and art of the peoples of the Soviet East. - M., 1978.: 226-233.

[4] Voronina V.L. The Synthesis of Arts in Architecture of Central Asia // Academy of Sciences, 1964. - № 17.

[5] Bartenev I.A., Batazhkova V.N. Essays on the History of Architectural Styles. - M., 1983.: 384p.

[6] World History of Architecture, v. II. - M., 1973.

[7] Ibid. 481p.

[8] Pugachenkova G.A., Rtveladze E.V. Dalverzintepa - Kushan City in the South of Uzbekistan. - Tashkent, 1978.: 237p.

[9] Aus den Schatzkammer n Eurasiens Mecster werke antiker Kunst. Kunst-haus Zürich. 29 Januar bis 2 Mai 1993; 138-139.

[10] History of State System of Uzbekistan, the second half of II century BC – III century AD). Edited by E.V.Rtveladse, Alimova D.A. – Tashkent, Uzbekistan, 2009. v. I.: 560p.

[11] Pugachenkova G.A Antique sculpture of Uzbekistan // Creativity. - M., 1968; 12: 19-22.

[12] Pugachenkova G.A. Arts of Bactria: Style Evolution // From artistic treasures of the Middle East. - Tashkent, 1987: 422-436.

[13] Belenitski A.M. Questions of Ideology and Cults of Sogdi Based on Materials from Pyandzhikent Ancient Temples // Paintings of Ancient Pyanjikent. - M., 1954.

[14] Pugachenkova G.A., Rtveladze R.V. Dalverzintepa - Kushan City in the South of Uzbekistan - Tashkent, 1978. – 210 p.

[15] Orlov M.A. Reconstruction of the "Hall of warriors" of the III century BC, Palace Toprak Kala // Archaeological and Ethnographic Work of the Khorezm Expedition in 1945-1948. - M., v. I, 1952.

[16] Pugachenkova G. A. Sculpture of Khalchayan // - M., 1971.; 304-305.

[17] Pugachenkova G.A. Arts of Bactria: Style Evolution // From artistic treasures of the Middle East. - Tashkent, 1987: 422-436.

[18] Turgunov B.A. Stone Architectural Details of Airtam // Grafic Arts of Uzbekistan, 1969; IV: 207-217.

[19] Rtveladze E.V. Historic Past of Uzbekistan. – Tashkent: The Art Journal, 2009: 240p.

[20] Dyakonova N.V., Smirnova O.I. To a Question of Nana cult (Anahita) in Sogda // SA. - Moscow, 1967; 1: 74-83.

[21] Shlumberger D., Le Berre M., Fussman G. Surkh Kotal en Bactriane I: Les temple. MDAFA. T. XXV. – Paris, 1983; Fussman G., Guillaume O. Surkh Kotal en Bactriane. Les monnais, par Fussman G. Les petits objets, par Guillaume O. MDAFA. T. XXXII. – Paris, 1990.

[22] Rtveladze E.V. Civilizations, States, Cultures of Central Asia. - Tashkent: UWED, 2009: 304p.

[23] Pugachenkova G.A. Art of Bactria of Kushan time. – M., 1979: 248p.

[24] Bernard P. Ai-Khanum on the Oxus; a Hellenistic city in Central Asia (Proceedings of British Academy, vol. LIII. – London, 1967; Litvinsky B.A., Mukhitdinov Kh. Ancient City of Saksanokhur // The Sovet archeology. – М., 1969; 2: 160-179.

[25] Ibid, p.71.

[26] Abdullayev K. Royal Statues in the sculpture of Kushan // Transoxiana. History and culture // Coll. scientific articles, devoted to the 60th anniversary of academician E.V. Rtveladze. - Moscow: Publ. by R. Elinina, 2004: 11-16.

[27] Pugachenkova G.A Heracles in Bactria // The Bulletin Ancient History, 1977: 2; 77-92.

[28] Pidaev Sh.R., Kato K., Mkrtychev T.K. Stone Sculptural Decoration on Karatepa (excavations in 1998-2000.) // Scripta antiqua. Questions of ancient history, philology, art and material culture // Almanac, on the anniversary of E.V. Rtveladze. - M .: Publ. "Sobranie", 2014; 574-613.

[29] Turgunov B. Buddhist Monuments of Dalverzintepa; Mkrtychev T.K. Buddhism in Sogda // Collection of papers devoted to 85-anniversary of M. Ulugbek National University of Uzbekistan. – Tashkent, 2002.

[30] Pichikyan I.R. Culture of Bactria. Achaemenid and Hellenistic periods. – М., 1991; 340p.

[31] Pidaev Sh.R., Kato K., Mkrtychev T.K. Stone Sculptural Decoration on Karatepa (excavations in 1998-2000.) // Scripta antiqua. Questions of ancient history, philology, art and material culture // Almanac, on the anniversary of E.V. Rtveladze. - M .: Publ. "Sobranie", 2014.

[32] Albaum L.I. Painting in Fayaztepa Sanctuary//Culture of Middle East (From ancient times till our days). Painting and Applied Arts. – Tashkent, 1990.

[33] Toprak-Kala. Palace. Ed. By Yu.A. Rapoport, E.E. Nerazik. - M., 1984.

[34] Rapoport Yu.A. To a Question of Dionisyan Cult in Sacred Palace of Toprak-kala // Аntiquity and Ancient Traditions in Culture and Art of Peoples of Soviet East.

[35] Vorobyova M.G. To a Question of the Technique of Interior Decoration of Toprak Kala Palace // Archaeological and Ethnographic Work of the Khoresm Expedition in 1945-1948. - M., 1952; v. I: 67-86.

[36] Brykina G.A. Cults and Cult Places in Fergana // Near-Aral location in ancient times and in the Middle Ages (To 60-anniversary of Khoresm Archeologic-ethnographic expedition). – М.: «Eastern literature» RAS, 1998.

[37] Fedorovia E.F., Levushkina S.V. Gypsum in Ancient Sculpture of Dalverzin-tepe// Bactrian antiquity. – Leningrad, 1976.

[38] Koshelenko G.A., Munchaev R. Excavations in Ay-Khanum Cite of Ancient Settlement in 1965-1968. // Bactrian antiquity. – Leningrad, 1976.

[39] History of State System of Uzbekistan (the second half of II century BC – III century AD). Edited byE.V.Rtveladse, Alimova D.A. – Tashkent, Uzbekistan, 2009; v. I: 560p.

[40] Pugachenkova G.A., D. Shlumberger, M. Le Berreet J. Fussman. Surkh Kotal en Bactriane.Mémoires de la Délégation Archéologique Française en Afganistan. – Paris, 1983. – v. XXV. //WAH. – М., 1984; №3 (170): 186-192.

[41] Pugachenkova G.A. Dionisyan Theme in Ancient Art of Middle Asia //Acta Antiqua Akademiae Scientiarum Hungariae. – Budapest, 1967; v. XV: 423-428.

[42] Voronina V.L. The Synthesis of Arts in Architecture of Central Asia // Academy of Sciences, 1964. - № 17.

[43] Gyul E.F. Bactrian Carpets as a Phenomenon of Ancient Culture / Asian area – a crossroad of cultures: from past to future //Proc. Of sci. Seminar, devoted to 110-anniversary of Yu.N. Rerikh. Tashkent, 2014.

[44] Pugachenkova G.A. Kushan Sculpture from Dalverzin-tepe //Art. М., 1970; 2: 60-65.

[45] Dyakonov М.М. Murals in Pyanjikent and Painting in Central Asia // Painting in ancient Pyanjikent. М, 1954.

[46] Vorobyova M.G. To a Question of the Technique of Interior Decoration of Toprak Kala Palace // Archaeological and Ethnographic Work of the Khorezm Expedition in 1945-1948. M.; v. I: 1952: 67-86.

[47] Abdullaev К.А. Bactria-Gandkhara (Some parallels in the art of plastics) //Social studies in Uzbekistan. Tashkent, 1995. 5,6,7,8. 84-87.

[48] Pichikyan I. R. Masterpieces of Arts of Oxus Temple as a Source of Information about Foreign Cultural Contacts of Bactria, Proc. of the conference “Cultural interconnections of the peoples of Middle Asia and Caucasus with surrounding world in ancient times and in the Middle Ages”. - M., 1981.

[49] Mukhtarov New Findings of Stone Capitals of Kushan Time in Shahrinau (Southern Tajikistan) // Society's Sciences of the Taj. SSR, 1968. - №3 (53). - p. 38.

[50] Ibid. p.41.

[51] Koshelenko G.A. The synthesis of Arts in Architecture of Central Asia of the Ancient Period (Some introductory remarks) // Reports of the State Museum of Oriental Art. - Moscow: Nauka, 1972. - Vol. VI.

[52] Hares Mitilensky //The bulletin of ancient history. - M., 1947. - №3.

[53] Betts A.V.G., Yagodyn V.N. Khodzhaniyazov G.H. Archaeological Surveys in the Ancient Oasis in Tashkyrmanskom // Archaeological research in 2004-2005, Uzbekistan.

[54] Kruglikova I.T., Sarianidi V.I. Ancient Bactria, in the Light of New Archaeological Findings, 174p.

[55] Tumanovа O.A. Study of Architecture in Kara Tepe // Cultural Relations of the Peoples of Central Asia and the Caucasus with the Surrounding World in Antiquity and the Middle Ages. Proc. of conference. - M .: Nauka, 1981.

[56] Vitrenko M.A. Art Features of Art Scenes in Kara Tepe // Cultural Relations of the Peoples of Central Asia and the Caucasus with the Surrounding World in Antiquity and the Middle Ages. Proc. of conference. - M .: Nauka, 1981.

[57] Yagodyn V.N. The Portrait Gallery of Ancient Khoresm Dynasty of Kings? // Commentationes Iranicae/ Articles on the 90th anniversary of V.A. Livshits.

[58] Stavisky B.J. Kara Tepe Excavations in Old Termez in 1962 // Posts Gos.Ermitazh. - Leningrad, Moscow, 1981. - Vol. XXVI.

[59] Solovyov V.S. Early Medieval Art in Tokharistan. - Elets:. I.A. Bunin ESU, 2007.

[60] Latyshev V.V. Ancient Writers about Scythia and Caucasus // The bulletin of ancient history.1947, № 3.

[61] Suleymanov A.D. Ancient Nahshab. - Samarkand-Tashkent, 2000.

[62] Kruglikova I.T. Wall Paintings in Dilberjin // Ancient Bactria. Materials of Soviet-Afghan expedition in 1969-1973. - M., 1976.

[63] Pugachenkova G.A. Khalchayan. On the Problem of the Artistic Culture of Northern Bactria. - Tashkent, 1966.

[64] Tsirkunov V.Yu. On Aesthetic Nature of Architecture. - M., 1970.