International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

IJSTR@Facebook IJSTR@Twitter IJSTR@Linkedin
Home About Us Scope Editorial Board Blog/Latest News Contact Us

IJSTR >> Volume 5 - Issue 12, December 2016 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

Leaf Diseases On Eucalyptus Pellita F. Muell In Plantation Of Pt Surya Hutani Jaya At Sebulu, East Kalimantan

[Full Text]



Iin Arsensi, Abubakar M. Lahjie, B.D.A.S. Simarangkir, Djumali Mardji



Eucalyptus pellita, symptom, sign, incidence, severity, progeny test.



Eucalyptus pellita is often grown in monoculture, can be susceptible to disease whether grown in the nursery or the field. Currently in the plantation of PT Surya Hutani Jaya, Sebulu is developing E. pellita, derived from seed and clonal. The results were then called family. To determine the benefits to trees, the company deliberately does not preserve this area so there will be generated trees (family) that excel in both productivity and resistance to pests and diseases. This study is aimed at determining the symptoms and signs of disease on the leaves, the microorganisms that cause disease on the leaves as well as the incidence and severity of pathogen that attacks the leaves of E. pellita. The research was conducted at PT Surya Hutani Jaya, Sebulu, Kutai Kartanegara Regency, East Kalimantan and continued with the identification of pathogens at the Laboratory of Forest Protection, Faculty of Forestry, University of Mulawarman. The object of this research was E. pellita of a 6 year old plantation, spacing of 3  2 m. The origin of E. pellita is a clone from Riau. Symptoms of the disease found at the progeny test were leaf spot and leaf blight. The pathogens were Cercospora sp., Pestalotia sp., Curvularia sp., Bipolaris sp., Marsonina sp. and Dactylaria sp. The incidence of leaf spot pathogen was 83.3% and leaf blight was 80.6% with the severity of 9.7% and 12.5%, respectively.



[1] Anonymous 2012. Profile IUPHHK-HT PT Surya Hutani Jaya. Sebulu, West Kalimantan.

[2] Anonymous. 2015a. Bipolaris sp. https://www.emlab.com/app/fungi/Fungi. po?event=fungi&type=secondary&species=49&name=Bipolaris.

[3] Anonymous. 2015b. Curvularia sp. U.S. Micro-Solutions, Inc. Fungal Library http://www.usmicro-solutions.com/referencelibrary/fungallibrary.html.

[4] Barnett HL and Hunter BB. 1998. Illustrated genera of imperfect fungi. Fourth Edition The Phytopathological Society, St. Paul, Minnesota, USA.

[5] Blum LEB, Dianese JC, Costa CL. 1992. Comparative pathology of Cylindrocladium clavatum and C. scoparium on Eucalyptus spp. and screening of Eucalyptus provenances for resistance to Cylindrocladium damping‐off. Tropical Pest Management 38 (2): 155159. DOI: 10.1080/09670879209371674.

[6] Cordell CE, Barnard EL, Filer Jr TH. 2004. Cylindrocladium diseases. http://www.forestpests.org/nursery/cylindrocladium.html.

[7] Crous PW. 2002. Taxonomy and pathology of Cylindrocladium (Calonectria) and allied genera. American Phytopathology Society Press, St Paul, Minnesota.

[8] Crous PW, Braun U. 2003. Mycosphaerella and its anamorphs: 1. Names published in Cercospora and Passalora. Centraalbureau voor Shimmelcultures, Utrecht.

[9] de Guzman ED. 1985. Field diagnosis, assessment and monitoring tree diseases. Inst. For. Corserv. UPLB College of Forestry, Laguna.

[10] Ellis MB. 1971. Dematiaceous hyphomycetes. Commonwealth Mycological Institute, Kew, UK.

[11] Ellis D. 2015. Bipolaris sp. http://www.mycology.adelaide.edu.au/ Fungal_Descriptions/Hyphomycetes_(dematiaceous)/Bipolaris/.

[12] Farr DF, Rossman AY. 2013. Fungal database, systematic mycology and microbiology laboratory. ARS, USDA.

[13] Guyon J. 2005. Management guide for marssonina leaf spot. http://www.fs.usda.gov/Internet/FSE_DOCUMENTS/stelprdb5187519.pdf.

[14] James WC. 1974. Assessment of plant diseases and loses. Ann. Rev. Phytopath 12: 27-48.

[15] Kumar GP. 2015. Staining techniques in microbiology. http://www.slideshare.net/prashanthkumarguddeti/staining-techniques-in-microbiology.

[16] Mardji D. 1996. Pests and diseases of Dipterocarpaceae plantation at Bulit Soeharto. Research report. Research Institute of Mulawarman University, Samarinda. [Indonesian].

[17] Nadarajah KK. 2015. Severity of rice disease caused by Curvularia sp. in Malaysia. https://ukm.academia.edu/KalaivaniKNadarajah.

[18] Nair KSS. 2000. Insect pests and diseases in Indonesian forests. Center for International Forestry Research, Bogor.

[19] Old KM, Wingfield MJ, Yuan ZQ. 2003. A manual of diseases of eucalypts in South-East Asia. Center for International Forestry Research, Bogor.

[20] Ou SH. 1985. Rice diseases. Second edition. CAB International, UK.

[21] Rodas CA, Lombard L, Gryzenhout M, Slippers B, Wingfield MJ. 2005. Cylindrocladium blight of Eucalyptus grandis in Colombia. Australasian Plant Pathology 34: 143-149.

[22] Salisbury FB, Ross CW. 1995. Plant Physiology. 1st bound. Translated by Lukman DR, Sumaryo. ITB, Bandung. [Indonesian].

[23] Sembiring KA. 2015. Characteristics of pathogen of leaf blight on Eucalyptus spp. seedlings in PT Toba Pulp Lestari Tbk, Toba Samosir District, North Sumatera. Sarjana thesis. Department of Forestry, Faculty of Agriculture, University of North Sumatera, Medan (Abstract). [Indonesian].

[24] Simorangkir EA. 2014. Characteristics of leaf diseases on six clones hybrid seedlings of Eucalyptus grandis  Eucalyptus pellita descent in PT Toba Pulp Lestari Tbk, Toba Samosir District, North Sumatera. Sarjana thesis. Department of Forestry, Faculty of Agriculture, University of North Sumatera, Medan (Abstract). [Indonesian].

[25] Singh UP, Mishra GD. 1992. Effect of powdery mildew (Erysiphe pisi) on nodulation and nitrogenase activity in pea (Pisum sativum). Plant Pathology 41: 262-264.

[26] Spiers AG, Hopcroft DH. 1984. Influence of leaf age, leaf surface and frequency of stomata on the susceptibility of poplar cultivars to Marssonina brunnea. Eur. J. For. Pathol. 14: 270-282.

[27] Stevens FL. 1966. The fungi which cause plant disease. Johnson Reprint Corporation, New York.

[28] Suharti T, Kurniaty R. 2013. Inventory of leaf disease on seedling at Research Station Nagrak. Journal of Perbenihan Tanaman Hutan 1 (1): 51-59. [Indonesian].