IJSTR

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

IJSTR@Facebook IJSTR@Twitter IJSTR@Linkedin
Home About Us Scope Editorial Board Blog/Latest News Contact Us
CALL FOR PAPERS
AUTHORS
DOWNLOADS
CONTACT
QR CODE
IJSTR-QR Code

IJSTR >> Volume 6 - Issue 2, February 2017 Edition



International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616



Determination Of Standard Reference Body Indices For Clinical Application In Ghana.

[Full Text]

 

AUTHOR(S)

Issahaku Shirazu, Y. B Mensah, Cyril Schandorf, S. Y. Mensah

 

KEYWORDS

Body mass Index, Body surface area, Body surface index, Body height and body weight

 

ABSTRACT

The study is tailored to measure body height and weight in order to estimate local base standard reference body surface area, body surface index and body mass index (BSA, BSI and BMI) in Ghana for clinical application. The data were collected based on age and gender variation of patients and compare the established standard reference body indices with international established estimates. The weight and BMI measuring machine together with tape measure were the measuring tools used. The procedure involve using BMI calculator with DuBois formula to estimate local standard reference values of BMI, BSI and BSA in Ghana. The height and weight of male were 178.6cm and 80.8kg, while female height and weight were 167.1cm and 61.9kg respectively. The determined Ghanaian standard reference estimated BMI, BSI and BSA were: 25.19kg/m2 39.81 kg/m2 and 2.02m2 for male and 21.91kg/m2 36.58kg/m2 and 1.69m2 for female respectively. Model relationship between these parameters has been designed to enable prediction of any unknown parameters if at least one is known. The reference height, weight, BMI, BSI and BSA are recommended to be used in Ghana for clinical application.

 

REFERENCES

[1] G. Eknoyan, Adolphe Quetelet (17961874), the average man and indices of obesity, Oxford Journals of Medicine & Health, Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation Volume 23, Issue 1Pp. 47-51. July 4, 2008

[2] Du Bois D, Du Bois EF (Jun 1916). "A formula to estimate the approximate surface area if height and weight be known". Archives of Internal Medicine. 17 (6): 86371.

[3] 1. DOROTHY W. SARGENT, M.S., Formerly Nutrition Specialist, Weight-Height Relationship of Young Men and Women, American journal of clinical Nutrition, vol 13 pages: 318-325

[4] G. Eknoyan, Adolphe Quetelet (17961874), the average man and indices of obesity, Oxford Journals of Medicine & Health, Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation Volume 23, Issue 1Pp. 47-51. July 4, 2008

[5] Frempong, GRACE AGYEMANG. Perceived Body Weight and Actual Body Mass Index (BMI) among Urban Poor Communities in Accra, Ghana. Diss. University of Ghana, 2013.

[6] Du Bois D, Du Bois EF (Jun 1916). "A formula to estimate the approximate surface area if height and weight be known". Archives of Internal Medicine. 17 (6): 86371.

[7] Verbraecken, J; Van de Heyning P; De Backer W; Van Gaal L (Apr 2006). "Body surface area in normal-weight, overweight, and obese adults. A comparison study". Metabolism Clinical and Experimental. 55 (4): 51524.

[8] Sardinha, LB; Silva, AM; Minderico, CS; Teixeira, PJ (2006). "Effect of body surface area calculations on body fat estimates in non-obese and obese subjects. Physiological Measurement. 27 (11): 1197209.

[9] Mosteller, RD (1987). "Simplified calculation of body-surface area". N Engl J Med. 317 (17): 1098.

[10] Haycock, GB; Schwartz, GJ; Wisotsky, DH. "Geometric method for measuring body surface area: A height-weight formula validated in infants, children and adults". J Pediatric. 1978 (93): 6266.

[11] Gehan EA, George SL, Cancer Chemotherapy Rep 1970, 54:225-235

[12] Current, JD (1997). "A Linear Equation for Estimating the Body Surface Area in Infants and Children". The Internet Journal of Anesthesiology. 2 (2).

[13] Boyd, Edith (1935). The Growth of the Surface Area of the Human Body. University of Minnesota. The Institute of Child Welfare, Monograph Series, No. x. London: Oxford University Press.

[14] Fujimoto S, Watanabe T, Sakamoto A, Yukawa K, Morimoto K. Studies on the physical surface area of Japanese. 18. Calculation formulae in three stages over all ages. Nippon Eiseigaku Zasshi 1968; 5:44350.

[15] Shuter, B; Aslani, A (2000). "Body surface area: Du bois and Du bois revisited". European Journal of Applied Physiology. 82 (3): 250254.

[16] Ferreira F, Duarte JA, Accuracy of body mass index, waist circumference and body surface index to characterize overweight and obesity in adolescents, Archives of exercise in Health and Diseases, Dis 4 (3): 299-306, 2014

[17] WHO expert consultation. Appropriate body-mass index for Asian populations and its implications for policy and intervention strategies. The Lancet, 2004; 157-163.

[18] Doctors expose BMI shortcomings. London Evening Standard. Evening Standard Limited. 2006-01-18. Retrieved 2016-10-03.

[19] Reference man and woman more fully characterized. Variations on the basis of body size, age, sex, and race". Biol Trace Elem Res. 26-27: 385400. PMID 1704742.

[20] Gi-ichiro Tanaka, and Hisao Kawamura, Reference Man Models Based on Normal Data from Human Populations, Asian Center for Reference Man Studies, 4-20-3 Ogikubo, Suginami-ku, Tokyo 167-0051, Japan, National Institute of Radiological Sciences, 4- 9-1, Anagawa, Inage-ku, Chiba 263-8555, Japan

[21] ICRP, 2002. Basic Anatomical and Physiological Data for Use in Radiological Protection Reference Values. ICRP Publication 89. Ann. ICRP 32 (3-4).