International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

IJSTR@Facebook IJSTR@Twitter IJSTR@Linkedin
Home About Us Scope Editorial Board Blog/Latest News Contact Us

IJSTR >> Volume 5 - Issue 12, December 2016 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

Determinants Of Youth Job Satisfaction In Mauritius

[Full Text]



Medha Kisto



Factor Analysis, Job satisfaction, Mauritius, Multiple response, Ordered Logit Model, Ranking and Scoring, Youth



This paper investigates the determinants of job satisfaction in Mauritius based on primary data which were sourced through survey among 500 youth workers across the island in 2014. The purpose of this study is to explore the association between job satisfaction and selected demographic, education and employment variables. Both qualitative and quantitative analyses were done. Results indicated significant relationships between job satisfaction and demographic variables, job variables and mismatch variables, but we find that job satisfaction among youth is explained by different set of variables respectively for males and females and for the whole sample. From the key findings and analysis from the factor analysis showed that factors affecting the respondent current job satisfaction can be grouped under three categories namely socio-economic shocks and demographic indicators, social evils and psychological well-being. Thus, these findings have implications for future research on job satisfaction among youth.



[1] Adams, J.S. “Towards an Understanding of Inequality”. Journal Of Abnormal And Normal Social Psychology, vol. 67, no. 5, pp. 422-436, 1963.

[2] Alderfer Clayton, P. “An Empirical Test of a New Theory of Human Needs; Organizational Behaviour and Human Performance, vol. 4, issue 2, pp. 142–175, 1969.

[3] Allen, J and Van der Velden, R. “Educational Mismatches Versus Skill Mismatches: Effects on Wages, Job Satisfaction and on The-Job Search”. Oxford Economic Papers, vol. 53, no. 3, pp. 434-452, 2001.

[4] Aziri, B. “Job Satisfaction: A Literature Review”. Management research and practice, vol. 3, issue 4, pp. 77-86, 2011.

[5] Brief, A. P and Weiss, H. M. “Organizational Behaviour: Affect In the Work-Place”. Annual Review of Psychology, vol. 53(1), pp. 279-307, 2002.

[6] Clark, A. E and Andrew J. O. “Satisfaction and Comparison Income”. Journal of Public Economics, vol. 61, no. 3, pp. 359-381, 1996.

[7] Clark, A. E. “Job Satisfaction and Gender: Why Are Women So Happy At Work?” Labour Economics, vol. 4, issue 4, pp. 341-372, 1997.

[8] Hackman, J. R. and Oldham, G. R. “Development of the Job Diagnostic Survey”. Journal of Applied Psychology, vol. 60, no. 2, pp. 159-170, 1975.

[9] Hackman, J. R. and Oldham, G. R. “Motivation through the Design of Work: Test of a Theory”, Organization Behaviour and Human Performance, vol.16, no.2, pp. 250-279, 1976.

[10] Hackman, J. R. and Oldham, G. R. “The Job Diagnosis Survey: An Instrument for the Diagnosis of Jobs and the Evaluation of Job Redesign Projects”. Technical Report No.4. Yale University, Department of administrative science, 1974.

[11] Hackman, J. R. and Oldham, G. R. “Work Redesign”. Reading, MA: Addison Wesley, 1980.

[12] Herzberg, F. Mausner, B. and Snyderman, B. “The Motivation to Work”. 2nd edition. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1959.

[13] Herzberg. Work and the Nature of Man. Cleveland, OH: World Publishing Company, 1966.

[14] Hoppock, R. “Job Satisfaction”. New York. Harper Brothers, pp. 47, 1935.

[15] Hulin, C and Smith, P. “Sex Differences in Job Satisfaction”. Journal of Applied Psychology, vol 48, pp. 88-92, 1964.

[16] Hulin, C.L and Smith, P.C. “A Linear Model of Job Satisfaction,” Journal of Applied Psychology, vol. 49, no. 3, pp. 206-216, 1965.

[17] Kisto, M. “Determinants of Unemployment Duration among Youth in Mauritius”. The International Journal- Research Journal of Social Science & Management, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 138-145, 2014.

[18] Kisto, M. “Education mismatch in the Mauritian graduate labour market.” The International Journal - Research Journal of Social Science & Management, vol. 5, no. 3, pp 82-89, 2015.

[19] Lee, R. and Wilbur, E R. “Age, Education, Job Tenure, Salary, Job Characteristics, and Job Satisfaction: A Multivariate Analysis”. Human Relations, vol. 38, no. 8, pp. 781-791, 1985.

[20] Lincoln, J. R and Kalleberg, A. L. “Culture, Control, and Commitment: A Study of Work Organization and Work Attitudes in the United States and Japan”. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990

[21] Locke, E. A. “Toward a Theory of Task Motivation and Incentives”. Organizational Behaviour and Human Performance, vol. 3, no.2, pp.157-189, 1968.

[22] Luthans, F. “Organizational Behaviour”. 10th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2005.

[23] Mack, P. “Perspectives on Principals on Job Satisfaction”. Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation, Georgia State University, Atlana, Dissertation Abstracts International, 61, 836, 2000.

[24] Maslow, A. H. “A Theory of Human Motivation”. Psychological Review, vol. 50, no. 4, pp. 370-396, July 1943.

[25] McClelland, D. “The Achieving Society”. Princeton, NJ: Van Nostrand, 1961.

[26] McGregor, D. “The Human Side of Enterprise”. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1960.

[27] Moguerou, P. “Job Satisfaction among US Ph.D. Graduates: The Effects of Gender and Employment Sector”, Institut De Recherché Sur L’education (IREDU) Working paper, 2002.

[28] Mottaz, C. “Education and Work Satisfaction”. Human Relations, vol. 37, no.11, pp. 985—1004, 1984.

[29] Newstorm J. W. and Keith, D. “Organisational Behaviour: Human Behaviour at Work”. 10th Edition, Tata Mc GrawHill college, New Delhi, pp. 265-266, 1999.

[30] Perry, J. L. Mesch, D. and Paarlberg, L. “Motivating Employees in a New Governance Era: The Performance Paradigm Revisited”, Public Administration Review, vol. 66, no. 4, 2006.

[31] Porter, L. W. and Lawler, E. E. “Managerial Attitudes and Performance”. Irwin, 1968.

[32] Pugliesi, K. “Work and Well-Being: Gender Differences in the Psychological Consequences of Employment”. Journal of Health and Social Behaviour, vol. 36, no. 1, pp. 57-71, 1995.

[33] Robbins, S.P. “Organisational Behaviour: Concepts, Controversies and Applications”. 11th ed. New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 2005.

[34] Robbins, S.P. “Organizational Behaviour- Concepts, Controversies and Applications”. 8th ed. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1998.

[35] Saifuddin,K. S. Allah, N. Farzand, A. J. and Muhammad, I. K. “Synthesizing The Theories of Job-Satisfaction Across The cultural/ Attitudinal Dementions”. Interdisciplinary Journal of Contemporary Research in Business, vol. 3, no. 9, pp. 1382- 1396, 2012.

[36] Sandkam, S. T. “An Examination of the Relationship Among Job Satisfaction, Educational Satisfaction and Post-Graduates of Master’s Degree Programs in Business, 1970–1990”. Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation, Virginia Commonwealth University. Dissertation Abstracts International, 57, 2922, 1996.

[37] Shajahan, D. S. and Shajahan, L. “Organization Behaviour”. New Age International Publications, 2004.

[38] Shallal, M. “Job Satisfaction among Women in the United Arab Emirate”. The Journal of International Women’s Studies, vol. 12, no. 3, pp.114-134, 2011.

[39] Singh, B.P and Chahbra, T. N. “Management Concepts and Practices”, Dhanpat Rai & Co. Pvt. Ltd, New Delhi, 1998.

[40] Sloane, P. J. and William, H. “Are “Overpaid” Workers Really Unhappy? A Test of the Theory of Cognitive Dissonance”. Labour, vol. 10, no. 1, pp.3-16, 1996.

[41] Sloane, P. J. and William, H. “Job Satisfaction, Comparison Earnings and Gender”, Labour, vol. 14, no.3, pp 473-501, 2000.

[42] Taylor, F. W. “The Principles of Scientific Management”. New York: Harper Brothers, 1911.

[43] Ting. Y. “Determinants of Job Satisfaction of Federal Government Employees”. Public Personnel Management, 9, pp.1-18, 1997.

[44] Vroom, V. H. “Work and Motivation”. New York, Wiley & Sons, 1964.

[45] Weihrich, H. and Koontz, H. “Management: A Global Perspective”. 10th ed. McGraw-Hill. Inc, 1999.

[46] Weiss, H. M. “Deconstructing Job Satisfaction: Separating Evaluations, Beliefs and Affective Experiences”. Human Resource Management Review, 12, pp. 173-194, 2002.

[47] Yusof, A. A. and Shamsuri N. A. “Organizational Justice as a Determinant of Job Satisfaction and Organizational Commitment”. University Utara Malaysia Faculty of Human and Social Development. Malaysian Management Review, vol. 41 no. 1, 2006.