IJSTR

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

IJSTR@Facebook IJSTR@Twitter IJSTR@Linkedin
Home About Us Scope Editorial Board Blog/Latest News Contact Us
CALL FOR PAPERS
AUTHORS
DOWNLOADS
CONTACT
QR CODE
IJSTR-QR Code

IJSTR >> Volume 6 - Issue 1, January 2017 Edition



International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616



Application Of GIS Software For Erosion Control In The Watershed Scale

[Full Text]

 

AUTHOR(S)

C. Setyawan, C. Y. Lee, M. Prawitasari

 

KEYWORDS

ArcGIS 10.1, land degradation, land use, modeling, permanent vegetation, sempor watershed, soil erosion

 

ABSTRACT

Land degradation in form of soil erosion due to uncontrolled farming is occurred in many watersheds of Indonesia particularly in Java Island. Soil erosion is decreasing watershed function as a rainwater harvesting area. Good conservation practices need to be applied to prevent more degradation. This study aims to investigate the effectiveness of land conservation practice for erosion control through land use modeling in the watershed scale. The modeling was applied in the Sempor watershed Indonesia. Three scenarios of land use were used for modeling. Soil erosion measurement and land use modeling were performed by using Universal Soil Loss Equation (USLE) method and Geographic Information System (GIS) software ArcGIS 10.1. Land use modeling was conducted by increasing permanent vegetation coverage from existing condition 4% to 10%, 20% and 30%. The result showed that the modeling can reduce heavy class erosion about 15-37% of total area. GIS provides a good tool for erosion control modeling in the watershed scale.

 

REFERENCES

[1] M.A. Fulazzaky, “Challenges of Integrated Water Resources Management in Indonesia”, Water, vol. 6, pp. 2000-2020, 2014.

[2] D. Iskandar and D. Sugandi, “Flood Mitigation Efforts in the Capital Region of Jakarta”, Int. J. of Conservation Science, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 685-696, 2015.

[3] R.I. Hapsari and M. Zenurianto, “View of Flood Disaster Management in Indonesia and the Key Solutions. American J. of Engineering Research (AJER)”, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 140-151, 2016.

[4] L. Kholisuddin, “Study on Effectiveness of Forest Area Function Determination in the Catchment Area of Sempor Reservoir”, Master Thesis, Universitas Gadjah Mada Indonesia, 2006.

[5] Ananto, “Study on Criticality of Land In Cathment Area of Sempor Reservoir”, Master Thesis, Universitas Gadjah Mada Indonesia, 2007.

[6] D. P. Ariyanto, B.H. Sunarminto, and D. Shiddieq, “ Study of Critical Soil Conservation Based on Land Unit on Sempor’s Catchment Area, Kebumen Regency”, J. of Soil Science and Agroclimatology, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 89-98, 2011.

[7] S. Susanto, S. Santoso, and C. Setyawan, “Assessment Model of water Resource Conservation Measures Case Study at Upper Watershed of Sempor and Wadaslintang Dam”, Proc. of International Seminar on History of Irrigation in Eastern Asia the 6th Asian Regional Conference of ICID, 13 October 2010.

[8] D.D. Fangmeier, W.J. Elliot, S.R. Workman, R.L. Huffman, and G.O. Schwab, Soil and Water Conservation Engineering, New York, USA: Thomson Delmar Learning, 2005.

[9] F.R. Troeh, J.A. Hobbs, and R.L. Donahue, Soil and Water Conservation for Productivity and Environmental Protection. New Jersey, USA: Pearson Pretince Hall, 2004.

[10] J.M. Laflen, Understanding and Controlling Soil Erosion by Rainfall. In F.J. Pierce and W.W. Frye, Advances in Soil and Water Conservation, USA: Sleeping Bear Press, Inc., 1998.

[11] M.K. Jain and U.C. Kothyari, “Estimation of soil erosion and sediment yield using GIS”, Hydrological Science, vol. 45, no. 5, pp. 771-786, 2000.

[12] M.T. Jabbar, “Application of GIS to Estimate Soil Erosion Using RUSLE”, Geo-spatial Information Science, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 34-37, 2003.

[13] M.G. Naik, “Soil Erosion and Sediment Yield Modelling of Watershed Using FEM, Remote Sensing and GIS”, Proc. of World Environmental and Water Resources Congress, pp. 1629-1640, 2011.

[14] H. Vijith, Suma M., V. B. Rekha, C. Shiju, and P. G. Rejith, “An assessment of soil erosion probability and erosion rate in a tropical mountainous watershed using remote sensing and GIS”, Arab J. Geosci., vol. 5, pp. 797–805, 2012.

[15] A. Parsakhoo, M. Lotfalian, A. Kavian, and S.A. Hosseini, “Prediction of the soil erosion in a forest and sediment yield from road network through GIS and SEDMODL”, Int. J. of Sediment Research, vol. 29, pp. 118-125, 2014.

[16] C. Vallebona, A. Mantino, and E. Bonari, “Exploring the potential of perennial crops in reducing soil erosion: A GIS-based scenario analysis in southern Tuscany, Italy”, Applied Geography, vol. 66, pp. 119-131, 2016.

[17] P. Zhou, O. Luukkanen, T. Tokola, and J. Nieminen, “Effect of vegetation cover on soil erosion in a mountainous watershed”, Catena, vol. 75, pp. 319–325, 2008.

[18] L. Zhang, J. Wang, Z. Bai, and C. Lv, “Effects of vegetation on runoff and soil erosion on reclaimed land in an opencast coal-mine dump in a loess area”, Catena, vol. 128, pp. 44–53, 2015.
[19] E.M. Cadaret, K. C. McGwire, S.K. Nouwakpo, M.A. Weltz, and L. Saito, “Vegetation canopy cover effects on sediment erosion processes in the Upper Colorado River Basin Mancos Shale formation, Price, Utah, USA”, Catena, vol. 147, pp. 334–344, 2016.

[20] M. Vis, A Procedure for the Analysis of Soil Erosion and Related Problems in Water and Land Resources Management Studies. The Hague, Netherland: International Reference Centre for Community Water Supply and Sanitation (IRC), pp. 16-20, 1987.

[21] S. Ambar and K.F. Wiersum, “Comparison of different erodibility indices under various soil and land use conditions in West Java”, The Indonesian J. of Geography, vol. 10, no. 89, pp.1-15, 1980.

[22] C. Asdak, Hydrology and Watershed Management. Yogyakarta, Indonesia: Gadjah Mada University Press.

[23] T. Herawati, “Spatial Analysis of Erosion Danger Level at Cisadane Watershed Area Bogor District”, J. of Natural Conservation and Forestry Research, vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 413-24, 2010.

[24] M. Harjianto, N. Sinukaban, S.D. Tarigan, and O. Haridjaja, “Erosion Prediction and Soil Conservation Planning in Lawo Watershed Indonesia”, J. of Environment and Earth Science, vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 40-50, 2015.