International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Home About Us Scope Editorial Board Blog/Latest News Contact Us
10th percentile
Powered by  Scopus
Scopus coverage:
Nov 2018 to May 2020


IJSTR >> Volume 9 - Issue 1, January 2020 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

An Experimental Analysis For Evaluation Of Compressive Strength Of Concrete Cube By Using Foundry Sand, Silica Fume And Metakaolin As An Admixture

[Full Text]



M. Madhusudhan Reddy, Bodanapu Sony, U. Praveen Goud, K.Raja Sekhara Reddy, SS.Asadi



Foundry sand, Silica fume, Metakaolin, Fine aggregates, Cement, Compressive strength.



Due to the rapid increase in construction activities use of sand become more these days. However, the querying of sand has become more costly to the people. Due to this, the total cost of construction is getting increasing. In the present study, an investigation is done with Foundry sand waste, Silica fume and Metakaolin as an admixture. The use of admixtures becomes quite common in construction materials like Cement, Sand to replace the content of conventional material with subsequent material. The various researchers all over the world still working on experimental studies by using Flyash, Jute, GGBS, Geosynthetic material, Rice husk ash and other materials as admixtures. In the present investigation, an attempt made on M25 grade of concrete 28days compressive strength. In the first stage of the study, fine aggregates are replaced with Foundry sand. The replacement of Foundry sand increased to a maximum of 50% and from the results, it is observed that in the compressive strength of concrete 38.27 N/mm2 is the maximum strength achieved at 40% Foundry sand in the fine aggregates for 28days. And in the second stage of the study, by maintaining the same 40% replacement Foundry sand in fine aggregates, Cement content has been replaced with the Silica fume and Metakaolin with different percentage levels. And then comparative analysis was done for 28days compressive strength between 40% replaced fine aggregates with Foundry sand and Silica fume and Metakaolin content in the cement. The compressive strength results showed that the at 10% Silica fume in the cement with 40% Foundry sand in fine aggregates gives better compressive strength with respect to Metakaolin for the same 28days period.



[1]. Almusallam, A.A., Beshr, H., Maslehuddin, M. and Al-Amoudi, O.S., 2004. Effect of silica fume on the mechanical properties of low quality coarse aggregate concrete. Cement and Concrete Composites, 26(7), pp.891-900.
[2]. Ashish, D.K. and Verma, S.K., 2019. Cementing Efficiency of Flash and Rotary-Calcined Metakaolin in Concrete. Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, 31(12), p.04019307.
[3]. Bakis, R., Koyuncu, H. and Demirbas, A., 2006. An investigation of waste foundry sand in asphalt concrete mixtures. Waste Management & Research, 24(3), pp.269-274.
[4]. de Matos, P.R., Marcon, M.F., Schankoski, R.A. and Prudêncio Jr, L.R., 2019. Novel applications of waste foundry sand in conventional and dry-mix concretes. Journal of environmental management, 244, pp.294-303.
[5]. Fiore, S. and Zanetti, M.C., 2007. Foundry wastes reuse and recycling in concrete production. American Journal of Environmental Sciences, 3(3), pp.135-142.
[6]. Guney, Y., Sari, Y.D., Yalcin, M., Tuncan, A. and Donmez, S., 2010. Re-usage of waste foundry sand in high-strength concrete. Waste Management, 30(8-9), pp.1705-1713.
[7]. GuptA, S., 2014. Application of Silica Fume and Nanosilica in Cement and Concrete-A Review.
[8]. IS: 10262-2009 “Recommended guidelines for concrete mix design” New Delhi, India: Bureau of Indian Standard.
[9]. IS: 1199 -1959 “Method of sampling and analysis of concrete” New Delhi, India: Bureau of Indian Standard.
[10]. IS: 383-1970 “Specification for course and fine aggregates from natural sources for concrete" New Delhi, India: Bureau of Indian Standard.
[11]. IS: 516:1959“Methods of tests for strength of concrete” New Delhi, India: Bureau of Indian Standard.
[12]. IS:12269-1987 “Specifications for 53-Grade Portland cement”, Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi, India
[13]. Khatib, J.M. and Ellis, D.J., 2001. Mechanical properties of concrete containing foundry sand. Special Publication, 200, pp.733-748.
[14]. Ravindrarajah, R., 1996. Effects of using recycled concrete as aggregate on the engineering properties of concrete. In National Symposium on the Use of Recycled Materials in Engineering Construction: 1996; Programme & Proceedings (p. 147). Institution of Engineers, Australia.
[15]. Reddy, M.M., Goud, U.P., Babu, B.G. & Sony, B. 2019, "Experimental investigation on physical properties of black cotton soil with admixtures", International Journal of Recent Technology and Engineering, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 1350-1354.
[16]. Reddy, T.S.S., Sony, B., Reddy, M.M., Goud, U.P. and Mynuddin, S.A., Estimation of Conventional Pcc Strength And Durability with Partial Replacement of Cement using Aluminium Powder and Rice Husk Ash.
[17]. Sandhu, R.K. and Siddique, R., 2019. Strength properties and microstructural analysis of self-compacting concrete incorporating waste foundry sand. Construction and Building Materials, 225, pp.371-383.
[18]. Sarumathi, K., Elavenil, S. and Vinoth, A.S., 2019. Use of waste foundry sand with multiscale modeling in concrete. Asian Journal of Civil Engineering, 20(2), pp.163-170.
[19]. Siddique, R., 2011. Utilization of silica fume in concrete: Review of hardened properties. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 55(11), pp.923-932.
[20]. Siddique, R., De Schutter, G. and Noumowe, A., 2009. Effect of used-foundry sand on the mechanical properties of concrete. Construction and Building Materials, 23(2), pp.976-980.