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IJSTR Volume 5 - Issue 8, August 2016 Edition - ISSN 2277-8616

All listed papers are published after full consent of respective author or co-author(s).
For any discussion on research subject or research matter, the reader should directly contact to undersigned authors.

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Sandu Siyoto, Erlin Fatanti STIKes Surya Mitra Husada Kediri

Still many elderly who have myalgia and myalgia considers it a matter of course, that in fact if not promptly treated can be a fatal problem. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect on the decrease in the level of gymnastics arthritic pain in patients with myalgia in IHC Elderly Village Batuaji Ringinrejo Subdistrict Kediri. This study design is pre experiment with the type of One Group Pre-Post Test Design. The population is all elderly who have myalgia in health centre. By purposive sampling of respondents found as many as 26 people and statistically using Wilcoxon test. Of the total 26 respondents, prior to gymnastics arthritis who experience mild pain as much as 16 respondents (42.3%), moderate pain as much as 15 respondents (57.7%). Meanwhile, after doing gymnastics arthritis who experience mild pain as much as 16 respondents (61.6%), who experience moderate pain as much as one respondent (3.8%), and the pain is not as much as 9 respondents (34.6%). From the analysis of the data with the Wilcoxon test showed that there was gymnastics rheumatic effect on the reduction of pain in patients with myalgia in health centre for eldery batuaji ringinrejo kediri. Based on this research can lead to arthritis exercises increase flexibility of the joints of the limbs of the body so as to reduce the pain.

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1-4  



OMOTOYE-OMISORE Oyelola, SAMSON Samuel Adeyemi, ALAGA Abayomi Taofik, OGBOLE John, OGUNYEMI Samson Akintunde, OLOKO-OBA Mustapha Olayemi

Researches have been carried out in the past, by several authors, concerning agricultural marketing without the use of geospatial techniques. This research therefore is meant to show the efficacy of Geographical Information System (GIS) in local market distribution. The role of market place as a man-made feature where goods and services are exchanged for the purpose of satisfying human needs cannot be overemphasized, especially in the general development of villages and towns. This study shows the effectiveness of GIS without the use of metrics method to determine the agricultural market locations and closeness of the markets in Ife North Local Government area. Different kinds of people bring their goods from far and near villages for sale and sustainability in this research, both primary and secondary data were collected. Primary data includes the use of Global Positioning System (GPS) receiver to collect coordinate points of the existing markets. It also involves verbal interview with market women. While secondary data were sourced from administrative maps and satellite images of the area of study, it was geo-referenced and digitized. Arc Map was used to run average nearest neighbor analysis. Base on the analysis performed, the major constraint facing the market people is poor road network which affect majority of the farmers in transporting their goods from remote villages as indicated in this study. As a result, new markets sites were proposed with the use of geospatial techniques for easy accessibility.

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Francis Kafata

The study assessed the impact of teaching in local languages on pupils and teachers of grades one (1) to four (4) (advantages, challenges, opportunities, etc) in selected primary schools of Kitwe District of Zambia. Recently, in response to poor educational outcomes and political pressure, a number of Sub-Saharan African countries including Zambia have taken measures to include local languages in their formal education sectors, a practice often referred to as mother tongue instruction (MTI). Theoretically, the effect of MTI is ambiguous and a number of studies argue that MTI is superior to second language instruction in facilitating effective classroom communication, thereby increasing access and quality of education.In view of the aforementioned, the objective of the study was to find out the impact of using local language as a medium of instructions to pupils of grades one (1) to four (4) in terms of advantages, challenges and opportunities. A survey design which used both quantitative and qualitative aspects of research was used in the study. Questionnaires and interview schedules were used to collect data. The sample included forty five (45) respondents from 20 Primary Schools of Kitwe Districts. Three categories of respondents were identified: (i) Twenty (20) Headmasters (School Managers) (ii) Twenty (20) Teachers and (iii) Five (5) Grade 4 and below pupils.The methods used included three sets of structured questionnaires and personal interviews. The data was analysed using statistical software called STATA. Data was checked for validity, reliability, identification outliners and normality. The findings of the study revealed that issuing instructions in local language is more beneficial as the pupils grasp things faster, pupils’ participations in classroom improves greatly however some pupils may face language barrier more especially to pupils who come from transfer from other regions and one issue that come out strongly was the lack of teaching and learning materials. This calls for the school administration and the ministry of education to stock the schools with the teaching and reading. The significant challenges were the lack of teaching materials in local language, language barrier to pupils and teachers who come on transfer from other regions while the main advantages were fast learning of the pupils, contribution and participation of pupils in class will be high, pupils continue with the language of play and that makes them acquire knowledge fast. The using of local language to issue instructions in class is a good development that will improve the performance of pupils in all areas of study.

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10-16  



Purwaningsih Sri Wulandari, Sandu Siyoto STIKES Surya Mitra Husada Kediri

Patient dissatisfaction about health services are strongly influenced by the perception of the patient against the quality of service providers so that the quality of service is still a problem that should be immediately addressed the management of public health center. This research used the correlation design using the crossectional approach and instruments/collection of data in the form of a questionnaire, the population of the whole outpatient treatment in the public health center pesantren I Kediri, large sample is the whole outpatient treatment Hall using simple random sampling. The independent variable in this study was patient satisfaction while the dependent variable is the quality of service the medical clinic. From the results of data analysis using Linear Regression statistical tests of 11 aspects of the obtained 2 aspect that is healing and the availability of the medicine with the result of the p: 0.007 that dominant aspects influencing patient satisfaction level towards the quality of service medical clinic (BP) General Public Health Center At Pesantren I Kediri is an aspect of healing and aspects of drug availability.

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17-19  



Dr. Janet N. Manyasi, Wasike Martin Shikuku

The relationship between CSR activities and employee motivation is still an area that is under- researched. Few studies have tried to compare the motivational value of the different types of CSR actions in the company especially in the manufacturing firms in Kenya. This study therefore investigated the effect of different types of corporate social responsibility activities on the motivation of employees in sugar production firms in western Kenya. The study employed a descriptive survey design to investigate this relationship. Stratified and random sampling techniques were used to obtain a sample of 306 respondents from the research population. A self administered questionnaire was used to collect primary data which was analyzed statistically with the help of the SPSS software 20. To determine the statistical associations between the different types of CSR activities and employee motivation, correlation was used. The results from the hypotheses testing indicated that there are significant positive correlations between all the types of CSR activities and employee motivation. These are customers-related, the local community-related, the business partners-related and employees-related CSR activities. On the whole, each type of CSR activities had its own strength and degree to which it could promote or influence employee motivation.

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20-24  



Truong Hai Huyen Thanh

The thesis will be focused on the study of celebrity endorsement and how it affects consumer purchase intention on Facebook. It is obvious that celebrity endorsement nowadays is considered as a powerful advertising instrument which does contribute to measure all elements of a marketing campaign. Also, celebrity endorsement is one of the most effective strategies that make products to be different in the competitive market. The main goal of the study is identifying the influence of celebrity endorsement advertising on consumer purchase decision on social media like Facebook. The research is also conducted for the purpose of supporting organizations, businesses and media to understand the importance of advertising as well as the best tool to use in developing messages for advertisements to reach their target audience through social media, especially Facebook

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25-27  



D M B N Bandara, W M J I Wijayanayake

With the advancement of Information technology the concept of idea sharing has advanced. Mostly on presentations; personal computer and projector have become essentials. But on most occasions for connecting these equipment cables and physical devices are used. This is inefficient and time consuming. If a problem occurs, someone with technical knowledge is necessary to solve the situation. The objective of this research is to use the wireless technology to reduce the manual configuration and build up a platform where one can easily share files, a visuals, media and feedback. A system has been developed to detect all the devices over a network and upon granted permission, will share video, audio, and access controls. Final outcome of the research was a collaborative software bundle which work together on a network. One part of the system is a Desktop Network Software. And other is a Mobile Application. Desktop application can detect all other devices in the network which provides the same facility and if required can allocate a group and share it’s screen, files and have a message stream to each device using multicasting. Mobile application can act as a mobile remote to the host computer of the group which can detect any input from user and pass it to the system.

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28-31  



Moveh Samuel, Gambo Anthony Victor

Four vegetable based oils were used as trial lubricants in the extrusion of aluminium billet through four different die geometries. The oils used were Castor oil, Neem oil, Jatropha oil and Cotton oil respectively. Results obtained from this work as compared with other works done in the area shows that these oils were found to be suitable as lubricants in the extrusion of aluminium because of the good surface finish that was achieved. Extrusion dies with semi die angles of 300, 450 and 600 were constructed and case hardened and a hardness value of 612HV was obtained using the Vickers hardness testing machine, which is in accordance with the minimum standard of 600HV. Precise surface roughness measurements were made quantitatively with the profilometer for all the geometries of billet extruded, where round and triangular billets gave good surface finish for all the oils except for castor oil which gave the best surface finish. Based on previous experiments carried out on the extrusion of aluminium, surface cracking were major defects caused by the rise in temperature as the process proceeds. This research experiments indicated that the surface quality is good even though the temperature may be high during extrusion process

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Hasan shafiee - Zahra shafiee

The actions that have a great likelihood of triggering environmental accidents, like in the petrochemical zone, it is sensible to imagine the environmental management to be a significant variable within the corporation’s tactical arrangement. Nonetheless, this is not every time correct. In some circumstances, an alteration in the companies’ policy, leaving a responsive situation and supposing a proactive one, only occurs upon the incidence of serious environmental coincidences with strong effect in the television. For the company that was the object of study, these coincidences provided rise to deep fluctuations in its environmental management, terminating in investments of about US$ 2. 61 billion in environment, healthiness and safety, from 2011 to 2015. This was the highest volume to date invested on these regions by an oil company. This case study seeks to discuss the integration between environmental management and strategic planning in the petrochemical zone over a period of 10 years (from 2005 to 2015) in order to make a contextual analysis of the period before and after the environmental accidents possible

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Priyanka Sharma, Reena Jain, ChirashreeGhosh

Ascorbic acid is an antioxidant in plants which play important role in activation of many physiological and defense mechanisms. The level of ascorbic acid in plants is determinant of its tolerance against the adverse effect of oxidizing pollutants. The present study tries to relate the variation in ascorbic acid content with the tolerance and sensitivity of two selected plant species viz. Azadirachtaindica and Pongamiapinnata by calculating their Air Pollution Tolerance Index (APTI) during winter season from November to March in the urban city, Delhi, of North India. Moreover, ascorbic acid is also an important part of chloroplast; it protects different components of photosynthetic system from oxidative stress. Thus, to understand the role of ascorbic acid in imparting tolerance to plants against oxidizing pollutants the changes in chlorophyll content of the selected plant species with variation in ambient ozone concentration was analysed. It was found that as per APTI values Azadirachta sp. came under tolerant range with highest ascorbic acid content, whereas, Pongamia sp. was under intermediate range with less ascorbic acid content. It was statistically established, that ozone has no significant relation with chlorophyll content of Azadirachta sp. which has the highest ascorbic acid content. Whereas ambient ozone concentrations showed significant negative relation with the chlorophyll content of Pongamia sp. (p< 0.05). Thus, it was observed that the plants with high ascorbic acid content are tolerant and have greater ability to remediate pollutants.

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Rismawati

The influence of the working environment, Compensation and Employee Performance Against Work Ethics In Makassar Mariso District Office”. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of the work environment, Compensation and Employee Performance Against Working Ethos In Makassar Mariso District Office. The population in this study is Mariso District Office employee In Makassar with a sample size of 70 people. Methods of data collection in this study is a questionnaire, interview, and documentation. Methods of data analysis using descriptive and quantitative methods, namely the multiple linear regression analysis were used to measure the Effect of Work environment, Working Ethos Against Compensation and Employee Performance In Makassar Mariso District Office. Based on the F test of independent variables (Work Environment, Compensation and Working Ethos) jointly have the positive and significant effect on the dependent variable (employee performance). Through testing the correlation coefficient (R) was obtained that the degree of correlation or relationship between Work Environment, Working Ethos Against Compensation and employee performance is a high correlation is 77.0%. And work ethic is the most dominant factor affecting Employee Performance In Makassar Mariso District Office.

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48-51  



Nurmukhamedova Shoira Zahidovna

Specific features of the development of architecture in Uzbekistan in ancient period are considered in the paper. The author emphasizes the role of building materials and structures, studies the composition of ancient settlements in Khorezm and Bactria, reveals a high level of military architecture and planning principles of residential and castle structures.

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Zuchri Abdussamad, Swastiani Dunggio

This study aims to identify and analyze the level of influence the function of leadership and organizational culture on employee performance in academic areas at the University of Gorontalo Ichsan either simultaneously or partially. The analytical method used is multiple linear regression. The sampling technique used in this research is purposive sample that is making the subject based on their specific purpose and techniques of data collection through questionnaire, observation, interview. The results showed that the leadership function variable (X1) significantly influence employee performance dependent variable (Y) to the direction of a positive coefficient of 0.298. The value of each additional 1% meaningful leadership function, the performance of employees increased by 0.298 or 29.80%. Variable organizational culture (X2) significantly influence employee performance dependent variable (Y) to the direction of a positive coefficient of 0.530. The value of each additional 1% means the culture of the organization, the performance of employees increased by 0.530 or 53.00%. testing the R2 value of 0.586 (58.60%) indicated that the contribution of independent variables consisting of a leadership function and organizational culture on employee performance.

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Shiza Anand, Dr. Mukesh Rawat

As the number of hypertext documents are increasing continuously day by day on world wide web. Therefore, clustering methods will be required to bind documents into the clusters (repositories) according to the similarity lying between the documents. Various clustering methods exist such as: Hierarchical Based, K-means, Fuzzy Logic Based, Centroid Based etc. These keyword based clustering methods takes much more amount of time for creating containers and putting documents in their respective containers. These traditional methods use File Handling techniques of different programming languages for creating repositories and transferring web documents into these containers. In contrast, openstack4j SDK is a new technique for creating containers and shifting web documents into these containers according to the similarity in much more less amount of time as compared to the traditional methods. Another benefit of this technique is that this SDK understands and reads all types of files such as jpg, html, pdf, doc etc. This paper compares the time required for clustering of documents by using openstack4j and by traditional methods and suggests various search engines to adopt this technique for clustering so that they give result to the user querries in less amount of time.

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Francis Kafata, Dr. Serah K. Mbetwa

The study assessed the Performance of the grade 12 students in Kitwe district of Zambia with respect to O-Level examinations in Mathematics and Science subjects in selected secondary schools of Kitwe District in the Copperbelt province of Zambia and its impact to the school of Engineering. Currently most of the colleges that offer engineering programs require that the applicant should have a minimum of credit grade in mathematics and science subjects while Universities such as Copperbelt University (CBU) has been enrolling applicants in the school of engineering with points from 6 to 8 which shows that the applicants should have very good grades (distinction) in mathematics and science subjects at O-Level examinations. In view of the aforementioned, the objective of the study was to investigate the failure rate in mathematics and science subjects at grade 12 O-Level examinations and its impact to the school of Engineering. A survey design which used both quantitative and qualitative aspects of research was used in the study. Questionnaires and interview schedules were used to collect data. The sample included One hundred and one (101) respondents from 9 Secondary Schools of Kitwe Districts. Three categories of respondents were identified: (i) Sixteen (16) Heads of Departments; (ii) Twenty five (25) Teachers of Mathematics and Science and (iii) Sixty (60) Grade 12 pupils. The methods used included three sets of structured questionnaires and personal interviews. The data was analysed using statistical software called STATA. Data was checked for validity, reliability, identification outliners and normality. The findings of the study revealed that there was a high failure rate in mathematics than in science hence it negatively affected the admissions to the school of engineering. Study also demonstrated that mathematics and science skills and theories should actually be taught with due attention that they deserve for the school of engineering to adequately tap talent from the grade 12 school leavers perhaps this could be the reason why the school of engineering has not grown in Zambia. This calls for the teachers and the pupils to change their negative attitudes towards mathematics and start looking at it as an important learning area that ought to be learnt with pleasure. The significant factors leading to poor performance included high teacher to pupil ratio due to overcrowded classes, negative attitude by pupils towards mathematics, lack of laboratory apparatus and chemicals, lack of laboratory space and lack of teaching and learning materials. The also study reviewed that the performance of mathematics as the major subject to the school of engineering was very poor and hence negatively impacted to the school of engineering as a student who fails mathematics at grade 12 O-Level examination cannot gain entry to school of engineering. This calls for the teachers of mathematics, school administrators, parents and all the stakeholders to get involved in the education of mathematics to pupils at secondary level of education.

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Umma Khatuna Jannat

A recent technology investigates the role of concern in the environment software that is green software system. Now it is widely accepted that the green software can fit all process of software development. It is also suitable for the requirement elicitation process. Now a days software companies have used requirements elicitation techniques in an enormous majority. Because, this process plays more and more important roles in software development. At the present time, most of the requirements elicitation process is improved by using some techniques and tools. So that the intention of this research suggests to adapt green software engineering for the intention of existing elicitation technique and recommend suitable actions for improvement. This research, being involved qualitative data. I used few keywords in my searching procedure, then searched IEEE, ACM, Springer, Elsevier, Google scholar, Scopus and Wiley. Find out articles which published in 2010 until 2016. Finding from the literature review, Identify 15 traditional requirement elicitations factors and 23 improvement techniques to convert green engineering. Lastly, The paper includes a squat review of the literature, a description of the grounded theory and some of the identity issues related finding of the necessity for requirements elicitation improvement techniques.

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Eka Nugraha, M. Syukri Akub, Badriyah Rifai, Marthen Arie

The development of the national economy shows the direction that increasingly integrated with the regional and international economy that can support both a negative and positive impacts. Meanwhile, the development of national economy continues to move quickly to the increasingly complex challenges, therefore, necessary adjustments in economic policies, including the banking sector which is expected to be able to improve and strengthen the national economy. Bank as a means that ease people with all benefit is also not released from the weakness. The type of this research is normative for making criminal legislation as an object of study, while the approach used tends juridical as a point of reference the theories of law and the rules of law in view of the problem. The outcomes of the research indicate that the efforts should be made to address the misuse of credit cards in the enforcement of the Indonesians’ criminal law is to formulate the rules of criminal law with a comprehensive pattern of expansion of legal subjects the offender is to enter the legal entity (recht persoon) as the parties may be subject to liability and formulate formulation of criminal in order to reach the entire modus operandi is being or may develop in the future. Besides the expansion of sanctions should be accompanied by sanction renewal that oriented to the cumulative punishment is retaliation, deterrence, and development.

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99-104  



Maira Carabajal, Mónica B. Ruiz, Carlos A. Parera

In the present study, we evaluated the effects of osmotic conditioning (priming) on seed germination and emergence rate index (ERI) of Panicum coloratum cv Klein Green, under optimal germination conditions (watered with distilled water) and salt stress (irrigated with different water potentials of NaCl solution). The seeds were primed in 3 osmotic solutions (NaCl, KCl, and K2SO4) during 2 days at 15°C. After the treatments the seed was germinated in 3 levels of salinity/osmotic potential media (12 μscm-1/-0,5 MPa; 30 μscm-1/-1,0 MPa; 43 μscm-1/-1,5 MPa). Salt stress conditions generate a depressive effect on the speed and germination percentage of Panicum coloratum seeds. Priming treatments increase significantly the germination percentage and ERI in prime seeds compared to untreated in non saline condition. At 12 μscm-1/-0,5 MPa salinity levels, the primed seeds showed higher significantly germination velocity (ERI) compared with non primed seeds.

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Sharad Patel, Parth Jadhav, Rinkesh Vasava, Vivek Roghelia, Anup Gehani, Dhwanit Kikani

In today’s world, infrastructure of College and Industries are becoming large so if one has to travel or visit from one place to another he has to walk long distance and sometimes it becomes very hasty and inconvenient. Sometimes after too many traveling in campus it causes strain and pain in body. So to travel these distances two-wheeled or three wheeled electric scooter like Segway PT, Irrway were introduced. But, these scooters are very costly such as they starts from ₹ 50,000. Another problem with those vehicle is that they are difficult to handle when we drive first time. So in alternate to this product we developed whole newly designed product and this is Reliable, Ecofriendly, Compact vehicle for campus. It’s utilities are college campus, Airports, Industries, Recreational Parks, Sanctuaries, Museums, Palaces, Villas etc. So Our research is on design and development of three-wheel campus vehicle and also its multipurpose utility among the society.

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Bryan Joseph E. Matillano, Teodora G.Asis, Jennie A. Collantes Rona A. Idlisan, Mariz Q. Sudario

Music and action integration had been used in a lot of pedagogical studies in the field of science education. This study sought to situatedemographic factors such as sex and educational background to use it as a tool in teaching mitosis. Using experimental- correlational design, the level of significance was identified using t-test for the performance based on the pre and posttests. Results showed that music-action integration was an effective tool in teaching mitosis compared to the traditional lecture discussion. Factors such as sex and educational background did not affect students’ performance.

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115-118  



Hassanshafiee, Zahrashafiee-Karamrezaabdi

A humble technique is suggested to spot turbines and pick their rule output, appraise charges and revenues and offer useful indications for Micro Hydro Power (MHP) plant project in current irrigation systems.This technique, based on simple models and demanding a reduced number of input factors cool to survey in primary project stages, has been used and confirmed in an existing irrigation system located in Calabria (Italy).The consequences have emphasized that in the case study the lowest profitable turbine would yield5 KW. A lower number of plants (with higher output) would create no particular monetary savings compared to a greater number of smaller turbines. Besides, neither was the choice of increasing pipe diameter found to provide savings. In general, a considerable potential from MHP operation has been revealed in current irrigation systems, providing a return on investment higher than that provided by the Italian monetary market.Lastly, MHP usefulness noticeably rises with total annual process time, being on average 55%higher in a wet year (eight months of electrical production/four month of irrigation) as opposed to a dry year (six months of electrical production/six months of irrigation).

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119-128  



Sudad H. Al-Obaidi

Practical value of this work consists in increasing the efficiency of exploration for oil and gas fields in Eastern Baghdad by optimizing and reducing the complex of well logging, coring, sampling and well testing of the formation beds and computerizing the data of interpretation to ensure the required accuracy and reliability of the determination of petrophysical parameters that will clarify and increase proven reserves of hydrocarbon fields in Eastern Baghdad. In order to calculate the most accurate water saturation values for each interval of Zubair formation, a specific modified form of Archie equation corresponding to this formation was developed.

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129-131  



Rahul Kumar Singh, Abhishek Mittal, Anvay Pandey

The purpose of this article to understand the marketing mix of the smartphone from consumers’ point of view, that is consumers’ expectations from a smartphone. This article would help the producers understand the needs and wants of the customers regarding smartphones. The smartphone industry has lot of potential in it and we will witness more technological boom in the near future. And just coming up with a brilliant design will not serve the purpose but solving a particular problem would be more beneficial. So to solve this problem the producers need to understand what a customer wants from his/her smartphone now, that is, more specifications, a better design, a mid-range device, etc. The articles centralize on the fact about creating awareness among the producers about the utility of the customers regarding smartphones, so that the producers could make changes which could satisfy the demand and expectations of the customers regarding smartphones. The article will give you a preview of the competitors and their activity in the market at present. This article would be a great help to the smartphone companies to understand their customers and their needs in a better way.

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132-136  



Longonje. N. Simon , Dave Raffaelli

A network model of trophic interactions in the Cameroon estuary mangrove was developed with the objective to coherently quantify state variables as well as matter and energy flows between system components. A mass balance model was constructed using a dataset collected in the field in 2010 to 2015, supplemented from the literature. A model of 26 compartments (groups) was analysed and parameters pertaining to ecosystem health in terms of productivity, structure and resilience derived. To predict the effects of disturbances (anthropogenic or natural) biomass removal simulations were evaluated using Ecosim routines. The results indicate that Cameroon mangrove estuary is relatively mature system. Ninty eight percent of the total throughput is confined to the 1st and 2nd trophic level with the overall system strongly depending on the consumption of detritus. The distribution of energy and the poor structure of the flows suggest that the network is able to reflect prominent features of the ecosystem .Simulation of mangrove biomass indicates that 40% reduction will reduce crabs biomass (population) considerably within 5 years. Mixed trophic impacts showed that detritus and low trophic levels had a positive influence on most groups.

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Parth M. Patel, Parth S. Patel, Vaibhav H. Shah, Suril R. Shah

With increasing levels of technology efforts being put to increase the comfort and safety. These can be done by implementation of better design. This paper describes Implementation of Automatic hydraulic jack Mechanism in a four wheeler itself. The jack will be powered by the battery. So at a time of puncture to replace the wheel one has to just press the button and the jack which is fitted in the car itself will lift the car.

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156-158  



Zulfitriyana,Gusriati, Herda Gusvita, I Ketut Budaraga

Research on the analysis of the factors that influence the demand for red chilli (Capsicum annuum L) in Solok and compliance efforts implemented in March s.d April 2016. The purpose of this study consisted of; 1) analyze the factors affecting the demand for red chili in Solok 2) analyze the elasticity of demand for red chili in Solok 3) know the effort that can be done to meet the demand of red chilli in Solok. To achieve the objectives of the first and second use secondary data for 15 (fifteen) years and to achieve the objectives, the third used primary data. The method used is descriptive analytical method, a method that is used to describe phenomena that exist, which takes place in the present or past. The variables were observed in this study is the X1 (price of red chilli), X2 (the price of green chili), X3 (onion prices), X4 (population), X5 (income) and Y (the number of requests red chili) which is then analyzed by multiple linear regression, elasticity of demand and SWOT. The results of that research addressing the factors that influence the demand for red chili in Solok is the price of red chilli itself, the price of green chili as a substitute goods, the number of population and income, while onion prices affect the amount of red chili demand in Solok. But simultaneously variable X1 (red chili prices), X2 (the price of green chili), X3 (onion prices), X4 (population) and X5 (income) strongly influence demand red chili in Solok, where the F test results show that F count> F table (212.262> 3,600) with a significance level (0.000 <0.010) and the most influential variable is the variable X4 (population) with the greatest value of beta Coefficients is 1,100. Based on analysis of the elasticity of demand is known that red chili pepper is a normal good is inelastic to price elasticity coefficient value (ɛp) of -0.120. Green chili is substituting goods and shallots are complements of red chili with cross elasticity coefficient ɛpx1 and ɛpx2 respectively by 0,293 and -0.635. While the income elasticity coefficient (ɛI) produced 0,001 shows that red chili are normal goods are inelastic. In the SWOT analysis performed strategic analysis of the factors that affect the internal and external demand amount of red pepper in Solok. SWOT analysis shows that the most strategic efforts that can be done to meet the demand of red pepper in Solok can be seen from SO strategy (Strengths and opportunies) created. Moving on from the factors that most influence the demand for red chili in Solok is a number of people, the suggestions can be submitted by the authors is to improve program implementation berencana.Penelitian family on analysis of the factors that influence the demand for red chilli (Capsicum annuum L) in Solok and compliance efforts implemented in March to April 2016. the purpose of this study consisted of; 1) analyze the factors affecting the demand for red chili in Solok 2) analyze the elasticity of demand for red chili in Solok 3) know the effort that can be done to meet the demand of red chilli in Solok. To achieve the objectives of the first and second use secondary data for 15 (fifteen) years and to achieve the objectives, the third used primary data. The method used is descriptive analytical method, a method that is used to describe phenomena that exist, which takes place in the present or past. The variables were observed in this study is the X1 (price of red chilli), X2 (the price of green chili), X3 (onion prices), X4 (population), X5 (income) and Y (the number of requests red chili) which is then analyzed by multiple linear regression, elasticity of demand and SWOT. The results of that research addressing the factors that influence the demand for red chili in Solok is the price of red chilli itself, the price of green chili as a substitute goods, the number of population and income, while onion prices affect the amount of red chili demand in Solok. But simultaneously variable X1 (red chili prices), X2 (the price of green chili), X3 (onion prices), X4 (population) and X5 (income) strongly influence demand red chili in Solok, where the F test results show that F count> F table (212.262> 3,600) with a significance level (0.000 <0.010) and the most influential variable is the variable X4 (population) with the greatest value of beta Coefficients is 1,100. Based on analysis of the elasticity of demand is known that red chili pepper is a normal good is inelastic to price elasticity coefficient value (ɛp) of -0.120. Green chili is substituting goods and shallots are complements of red chili with cross elasticity coefficient ɛpx1 and ɛpx2 respectively by 0,293 and -0.635. While the income elasticity coefficient (ɛI) produced 0,001 shows that red chili are normal goods are inelastic. In the SWOT analysis performed strategic analysis of the factors that affect the internal and external demand amount of red pepper in Solok. SWOT analysis shows that the most strategic efforts that can be done to meet the demand of red pepper in Solok can be seen from SO strategy (Strengths and opportunies) created. Moving on from the factors that most influence the demand for red chili in Solok is a number of people, the suggestions can be submitted by the authors is to improve the implementation of family planning programs.

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159-173  



Syed Ejaz Ali Shah, Dr. Ibrahim Abunadi

Business processes workflow architecture based on agility and flexibility plays an important role in the success of any enterprise. In new era most of the processes are automated and they are supported by IT-Services in the form of Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) components. Due to mobility and scalability as well as high performance computing and distributed working environment it is crucial to focus on an architecture which is agile, optimized, cost effective and easy to implement. In this paper, we have conducted a research study on layer based BPM, SOA and cloud integrated architecture. The main contribution of the research study is to propose an agile, cost effective and scalable solution framework based on Architectural Building Blocks (ABBs) following a SOA-RA layered model to integrate BPM, SOA and cloud services.

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174-178  



Alzahraa A. El Feky,‎ Magda N. Shalaby, Omnia A.A. El-Shamy, Suzy A. ‎Selim

The adsorption of a series of ethoxylated nonionic and anionic ‎surfactant molecules at aqueous / air interface at different temperature ‎ranges [298, 308, 318, 328 and 338K] was studied. Different surface ‎parameters were evaluated from surface tension measurements at ‎different temperatures. The effectiveness of adsorption, Гmax, for all ‎nonionic and anionic surfactants was discussed with respect to their ‎hydrophilic and hydrophobic characters. Ethoxylated stearate had the ‎lowest effectiveness of adsorption at 298K comparing to other ‎nonioics. Minimum surface area per molecule, Amin, was calculated ‎which provides information on the degree of packing and orientation ‎of the adsorbed surfactant molecules. Amin decreased through ‎increasing the hydrophobicity. Also, the effectiveness of surface ‎tension reduction, πcmc was discussed concerning on surfactant ‎structures. The dependence of surface parameters (Гmax and Amin) on ‎temperatures was explained in details. For the most investigated ‎nonionic and anionic surfactants πcmc were slightly affected by ‎temperature.‎

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179-184  



Yati Nurhajati

In the future, cloud computing audits will become increasingly, The use of that technology has influenced of the audit process and be a new challenge for both external and the Internal Auditors to understand IT and learn how to use cloud computing and cloud services that hire in cloud service provider (CSP), and considering the risks of cloud computing, and how to audit cloud computing by risk based audit approach. The wide range of unique risks and depend on the type and model of the cloud solution, the uniqueness of the client environment,and the specifics of data or an application make this an complicated subject. The internal audit function is well positioned through its role as a guarantor function of the organization to assist management and the board of the Committee to identify and consider the risks in using cloud computing technology for internal audit can help determine whether the risk has been managed appropriately in a cloud computing environment. Assesses the current impact of cloud computing technology on the audit process , and discusses the implications of cloud computing future technological trends for the auditing profession . More specifically, Provides a summary of how that information technology has impacted the audit framework.

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185-193  



Saikat Maiti

A construction project begins with an idea that is born due to a particular wish or need. Once the decision has been made by the owner to transform this idea into a reality, in a sense, the first phase of the project has begun. During this project initiation, the owner gives great consideration to the various parameters of the project, such as, what is actually needed, the work required, and how much financing may be obtained. The decision to build a fundamental backbone to the aim and criteria of the project is not one to be taken lightly, but by the end of this evaluation process the owner should have a clear, but very general vision of the impending project. After this period of analysis, if the project still proves beneficial, the owner may then decide to take the next step and hire design professionals to begin the ‘design phase’ of the project. Upon selection and evaluation procedure of design professionals, the owner has now become the client and the programming stage of the design phase may begin. During this process, the design professional’s primary focus is to ascertain the needs and desires of the client. Programming also involves searching into which codes and regulations will be applicable to the specific project.

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194-198  



Elteleb Gafer Elnaim

Background: Multiple myeloma is one of hematological malignancies, specifically lymphoproliferative disorders that characterized by normal plasma cell transformed to neoplastic plasma cell, The pad consequences follow the malignant transformation by proliferation of the neoplastic plasma cell, Previous studies describe the EBV interfering or modulating with cellular DNA repairing mechanisms and could lead to genetic changing and manipulation in the infected cells, The goal of this study was to establishing molecular based detection of the EBV in the Sudanese multiple myeloma patients by using polymerase chain reaction as one of nucleic acid amplification technology in the Khartoum-Sudan. Materials and Methods: Retrospective hospital based study was designated for molecular based detection of Epstein Barr Virus [EBV] and association with multiple myeloma Sudanese patients in the Khartoum state, in the three years from January 2014 to March 2016, in the three centers, were study 43 study population cases clinically new diagnosed for both genders with age of 40 to 75 years, the file archived specimens includes dried bone marrow aspirate and trephine block were processed to perform DAN extraction and proceeding PCR detection of BLLF1 gene. Results: population study was composed of 37 of multiple myeloma cases in group I as study group, group II with 3 lymphoma cases and group III with 3 acute myelocytic leukemia patients, these patients with confirmed diagnosis with WHO criteria of each of multiple myeloma, lymphoma and acute myelocytic leukemia consecutively. Qualitative PCR for detection of EBV genome by targeting BLLF1gene, the 37 multiple myeloma cases were show negative results P = 0.10, three cases of acute myelocytic leukemia were show negative results P = 0.21 and three cases of lymphoma were show positive result for EBV genome, BLLF1 gene P = 0.001. Conclusion: our study results were show there is no association between EBV and multiple myeloma in the two distinct bone marrow specimens. Recommendation: our study was recommended to do further study with based of RNA an expression gene analysis to give really knowledge for the association with disease transformation. Key words: Multiple myeloma, Epstein Barr virus, polymerase chain reaction, BLLF1 gene, Sudanese

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ISSN 2277-8616
IJSTR - July 2017 - Volume 6 Issue 7