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IJSTR Volume 7 - Issue 11, November 2018 Edition - ISSN 2277-8616

Publication for Volume 7 - Issue 11, November 2018 Edition is in-process. The publication process will complete on November 15, 2018; the full text will be available after the completion of publication process.
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Protective Measures Against Electric Shock

Mohamad Takriti

Because it is a serious matter in electrical installations our Knowledge in protective measures should be always refreshed so we can save lives and properties from electrical hazards.


Organizational Structure And An Effective Communication: The Moderating Effect Of Transformational Leadership

Muhammad Yahaya

Effective communication complements managerial effectiveness in organizations and is also a means of achieving organizational objectives. The settings in large organizations often makes effective communication difficult. One source of this lies in the characteristics of organizational structure. This study confines to the impact of organizational structural variables on effective communication in organizations. The communication channels created by the organizational structure serve specific functions through downward, upward and lateral communication. Thus, an organization’s structure must facilitate this effective flow of communication. This study examined the relationship of selected variables of organizational structure and the informal structure to effective communication flow among the managerial ranks at GTBank in Kaduna Nigeria. The organizational structural variables examined were specialization, departmentalization, hierarchical level, a span of control, spatial dispersion, formalization and centralization, and the informal structure. Additionally, the demographic factors of gender, age, race, position, years of company experience, and emplacement were investigated to determine their impact on communication effectiveness as well as the differences among the various groups classified by the demographic factors


Usefulness Analysis Of Accrual Based Accounting Information On Local Government Financial Statement: A Qualitative Study

Rahmad Efendi

This study aims to explain the usefulness of accrual-based accounting information on local government financial statements, using framing theory analysis. Informants in the study amounted to 27 people in the Lampung Provincial Government consisting of Regional Government Budget Team (TAPD) 15 people and Government Internal Supervisory Apparatus (APIP) 12 people. Data collection techniques by semi-structured interviews, test the validity of the data using triangulation and analysis methods and qualitative data management using NVivo version 12 software. The results showed that the accrual accounting information had not been useful by the local government in decision making. Furthermore, the results of the research are presented by framing usefulness of accrual-based accounting information on local government financial statement including Diagnosis (problem): System, accounting information system is not full accrual, not integrated with planning and asset subsystems; Human Resources (HR), low understanding and less number of accounting education employees; Data of Local Government Financial Statements, not full disclosure, are not presented in full and valid; Regulation, has not regulated the use of information in financial statements; Report Users, low executive and legislative commitment and understanding about the use of financial report information for decision making. Prognosis (strategi): employee education and training, socialization to the executive and legislative, improvement of regional accounting information systems, and changes in regulations both central and regional which give role to accounting information in government financial reports. Motivational (impact): increasing efficiency and effectiveness, increasing transparency and accountability, measuring performance and internal supervision, comprehensive and prudent decision making, realizing the principle of prudence, for calculating service rates, minimizing budget politicization and minimizing opportunities for corruption. Index Terms: accrual basic, framing theory, public sector accounting, qualitative, usefulness information.


Analysis Of Influence Of Intellectual Ability, Communication Skill And Work Experience O Competency And Their Impact On Employee Work Performance At Pt Bank Sumut, Branch Of Simpang Kwala, Medan

Wesly J Sinabariba, Prihatin Lumban Raja, Sitti Raha Agoes Salim

Bank Sumut is very aware of the existence of tight competitions. This condition cannot be considered trivial. Everyone, want it or not, who still wishes to keep being existed and getting recognition from society must continue to develop his/her human resource abilities. Human resource development in Bank Sumut is one of steps taken in order to produce employees with high integrity and abilities. Good quality of human resource will give positive impact to organization. The objectives of this research is to identify and analyze the influence of intellectual ability, communication skill and work experience on the competency and their impact on employee work performance at PT Bank Sumut, Branch of Simpang Kwala Medan. The population is all employees of PT Bank Sumut, Branch of Simpang Kwala Medan until the year of 2015, which are 55 people in total. Given the population of only 55 people, saturated sampling (census) is applied in this research as sampling technique in which all members of population are sampled. Data collection in this research is conducted by using survey approach which the quantitative descriptive research is conducted by spreading the questionnaire. Path analysis is applied as data analysis method by using SPSS software. Test results showed that 1) Simultaneously, Intellectual ability, communication skill and work experience give a positive influence and has a significant impact on employee work performance; 2) Partially, Intellectual ability, communication skill and work experience give a positive influence and has a significant impact on employee work performance; 3) Simultaneously, Intellectual ability, communication skill and work experience give a positive influence and has a significant impact on employee competency;4) Partially, Intellectual ability, communication skill and work experience gives a positive influence and has a significant impact on employee competency; 5)Partially, competency gives a positive influence and has a significant impact on employee work performance; 6) Indirectly, Intellectual ability gives a positive influence on employee work performance through competency; and 7) Indirectly, work experience gives a positive influence on employee work performance through competency at PT Bank Sumut, Branch of Simpang Kwala Medan. Index Terms—Intellectual ability, Communication skill, Work experience, Competency, Employee work performance


Thermodynamic Modeling Of Lake Katwe Brine For Industrial Salt Production

Joseph Ddumba Lwanyaga

Extraction of commercial mineral salts from the lake brine requires thorough knowledge of the brine phase chemistry. In this paper a solubility software (PHREEQC) has been used to predict which salts, their respective yield and the order in which they can crystallize from Lake Katwe brine. The brine solution was evaporated to supersaturation by removing 51 moles of water at 27.6°C. Thereafter, supersaturated solution was subjected to temperature variations ranging from -30° to 130°C. After removal of 31 moles of water, Thenardite equilibrates with the solution followed by Trona (33 moles), Burkeite (35.5 moles), Halite (36 moles) and lastly Glaserite (41.5 moles). At subzero temperatures, Mirabilite emerged with the highest Saturation Index (SI) followed by Sylvite and Halite. During evaporation, the PHREEQC model predicts a mineral precipitation sequence that starts with Thenardite followed by Trona, Burkeite, Halite and Glaserite. Based on the yield results, Halite, Thenardite, Burkeite, Glaserite, and Trona are the feasible salts that can be extracted, the latter being the least feasible. The ideal parameter ranges of pH, alkalinity, temperature, brine concentration factor and ionic strength were determined.


E-COMMERCE IN PERDATA LAW (An Overview Of Problems And Solutions)

Sri Husnulwati

Abstract—The development of technology is an unavoidable necessity. This affects all behavior especially in terms of online commerce (e-commerce). Ease is being a keyword. However, the risks and how to solve it, especially in civil law, is not clearly known. This paper aims to explain how the problems and solutions of online buying and selling according to civil law. This research is a kind of legal research which is also referred to as empirical law research. The results of this study are; there are some problems in online trading such as, the validity of the agreement, the guarantor institution, the clarity of consumers and security. While the solution in civil law that can be litigation or non litigation. Index Terms—E-Commerce, Civil Laws



Vijayalakshmi Menon R

Qualitative analysis of differential equations can provide valuable insight to solve complicated biological models. In this paper, a comparison is made between exponential growth and logistic growth of the population of a given species using differential equations. The application of geometrical methods to obtain important qualitative information directly from the differential equation, without solving the equation is studied in this paper.


Role Of Work Motivation And Organizational Culture In Improving The Performance Of Civil Servants And Organizational Citizenship Behavior (OCB) In Boalemo District Gorontalo Province


This reseach aims to determine the effect of work motivation on employee performance, organizational culture on employee performance, motivation influence on Organizational Citizenship Behavior, organizational culture on Organizational Citizenship Behavior, determine the effect of work motivation on Organizational Citizenship Behavior (OCB) mediated by employee performance and knowing the influence of organizational culture on Organizational Citizenship Behavior mediated by employee performance. The population in the study were all employees of the entire Regional Government of the Boalemo Regency consisting of the Secretariat, Agency, Office , District and General Hospital with a total population of 1,569. Samples of 236 job holder using proportional random sampling technique sampling. Data collection through questionnaires and analysis techniques using Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) . The results of this study indicate that: motivation has a significant effect on employee performance, organizational culture has no significant effect on employee performance, motivation has a significant effect on Organizational Citizenship Behavior, organizational culture has no significant effect on Organizational Citizenship Behavior, employee performance mediates the influence of motivation on Organizational Citizenship Behavior, and employee performance unable to mediate the influence of organizational culture on Organizational Citizenship Behavior . Keywords: Motivation, Organizational Culture, Employee Performance and Organizational Citizenship Behavior (OCB)


The Influence Of Overtime And Career Development On Permanent Employees’ Turnover Intention With Organizational Commitment As Moderating Variable At PT Damai Nusa Sekawan, Padang Lawas

Nur Mutiah, Sukaria Sinulingga, Yeni Absah

These Human resource management plays an important and fundamental role in an organization. Some factors which influence turnover intention and the success in maintaining qualified human resources are overtime and career development. The research problem is permanent employees’ high turnover intention at PT Damai Nusa Sekawan, Padang Lawas Branch. Therefore, a research needs to be done in order to know it. Overtime should be considered by employees in order to know an employee’s wage and physical resistance in working, while career development is needed to determine the future of employees and company. The objective of this research was to decrease permanent employees’ turnover intention through overtime and career development with organizational commitment as moderating variable at PT Damai Nusa Sekawan, Padang Lawas Branch. The research used descriptive quantitative and explanatory research method. The population was 85 permanent employees, and all of them were used as the samples. Hypothesis was tested by using MRA regression analysis through interaction test. The result of the first research, without moderation model, showed that, simultaneously, overtime and career development had positive and significant influence on permanent employees’ turnover intention at PT Damai Nusa Sekawan. Partially, overtime had positive and significant influence on permanent employees’ turnover intention at PT Damai Nusa Sekawan, while career development had negative and significant influence on permanent employees’ turnover intention at PT Damai Nusa Sekawan. The result of the second research, model with moderation, showed that partially organizational commitment strengthened the influence of overtime and career development on permanent employees’ turnover intention PT Damai Nusa Sekawan, Padang Lawas Branch. Index Terms— Overtime, Career Development, Permanent Employees’ Turnover Intention, Organizational Commitment



Farizal Imansyah

Abstract— The problem in this study is whether there is an influence of the use of video compact disc (VCD) media on the results of jumps in the eighth grade students of Palembang State Junior High School 3 in the 2018/2019 academic year. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of n media video compact disc (VCD) on long jump results in class VII students of Palembang State Junior High School 2019/2020. The method used in this study is an experimental method using the Pretest-Posttest One-Group design. Data sources of this research are seventh grade students of Palembang State 3 Junior High School, totaling 40 students. Data analysis techniques used are quantitative analysis techniques. From the results of the study found that the average final test score (posttest) is higher than the average value of the initial test (pretest), where the average value of the initial test results is 2.08 while the average value in the final test is 2 , 25. Based on the analysis carried out using the t test, the value = 13.93 is greater than = 2.02 so that the use of video compact disc (VCD) media on the squat style long jump results in class VII students of Palembang State 3 Junior High School in 2018/2019 acceptable. Index Terms— Media Video Compact Disc (VCD), Long Jump.


Blended Learning Approach: Effect On Students’ Academic Achievement And Practical Skills In Science Laboratories

Rhesa T. Hinampas, Catherine R. Murillo, Denis A. Tan, Roxette U. Layosa

A research investigation was conducted to find out the effect of blended learning approach on students’ academic achievement and practical skills in science laboratories. Specifically, it aimed to: determine the level of academic achievement of students as exposed to blended learning approach and to those exposed to non-blended learning approach; ascertain the practical skills of students exhibited when exposed to blended learning approach and to those exposed to non-blended learning approach in terms of: questioning, designing, communicating, recording, analyzing, and interpreting; compare the academic achievement of students toward science laboratories when exposed to blended learning approach and non-blended learning approach; and differentiate the practical skills exhibited by students toward science laboratories when exposed to blended learning approach and non-blended learning approach. The study utilized the quasi-experimental design to determine the students’ academic achievement and practical skills in science laboratories through blended learning approach. Two intact classes such as third section class exposed to blended learning approach and second section class exposed to non-blended learning approach were administered with a developed teacher-made test questions and adapted questionnaires on practical skills inventory. Descriptive statistics such as mean and percentages, and analysis of covariance were also used. Results showed that those students exposed to blended learning improved their academic achievement from pre-test to posttest and leveled-up their scores with those students non-exposed to blended learning. The practical skills manifested by students were interpreting, communicating, designing, recording, analyzing, and questioning. Further results showed no significant difference existed between academic achievement of students exposed to blended learning approach and to those exposed to non-blended learning approach, both improved their performances, thus failed to reject the stated null hypothesis. There is significant difference in the practical skills manifested between those students exposed to blended learning approach and those non-exposed to blended learning approach, thus rejecting the stated null hypothesis.


Role & Value Of Usability In Educational Learning Via Game Based Apps

Ms Sumaira Shafiq, Dr.Tamim Ahmed

The widespread use of applications services will only be accepted by users if their understandability (usability) is of acceptable level. It is therefore of high interest to be able to estimate, or to predict the usability (usability attribute) of a system under observation. Clear and visible navigations, consistent styles and color, concise content, appropriate help and searching means easily accessible are various usability factors to affect end user’s satisfaction. Mobile applications are now a de-factor standard for judging, using the medical or other systems to be built in the current era of technology. Due to ongoing research and improvements in mobile technology, the data/ information and their applications contained in this context are constantly evolving and are subject to the professional judgments and interpretation of the practitioner due to the uniqueness of a clinical situation. By usability in mobile App (mobile computing) we exactly mean to have an effective, efficient and at the same time customers satisfaction via feasible use of the mentioned APP. If the usability of these APPs under discussion is that of valuable standard, the users of these mobile applications can effectively attain all their tasks. In this work we have highlighted the importance of usability in the educational applications in mobile. That is, our study here evaluates the usability of selected mobile educational applications regarding two subject categories maths and reading skills to identify the usability problems found by the participants. After evaluating usability via testing these mobile applications on school children the comparisons are made between results gathered from usability and learning evaluation to prove our hypothetical statement that usability has a strong impact on learning.


Behavior Of Concrete Slab Supported By A Voided Sandy Soil

Ola Mazen mekki

Slab supported by a soil media is a widely used form of constructions in the civil engineering. When a cavity forms -due to gypsum dissolution- below the slab, a loss of support case or weak supporting condition will occur. In this paper, an experimental model has been tested in the laboratory to discus the load deflection curve of a real case of slab on soil. A good agreement obtained when simulating the experimental result by a numerical analysis program (ANSYS V.15). Parametric studies have been made to show the effect of forming a cavity of different depths, various diameters, changing the slab thickness, and variation the concrete compressive strength. From this research, it can be concluded that forming a cavity of (D/T) = 0.13 (cavity depth to total depth of soil) causes to reduce the slab capacity by (148%) when comparing with a soil without cavity, and using a cavity of (d/B) =1 (cavity diameter to slab width) leads to reduce the slab failure load by (212.5%) when comparing with a soil without cavity. The failure load versus cavity depth and diameter has been obtained. The concrete compressive strength vs failure load of slab has been drawn. While increasing concrete compressive strength and slab thickness to a specified point causes a cavity collapse.


Aplication Activated Carbon As A Result Of Physical Activation Brown Coal (Coal Low Grade) East Kalimantan In Industrial Textile Waste Processing Samarinda

Yuli Patmawati

Indonesia is one of the countries that has large coal reserves in the world, but its utilization is still limited to the manufacture of briquettes and as fuel for electricity generation. On the one hand the results of the study indicate that activated charcoal can be made from organic and inorganic materials mentioned in high carbon content. In this case it is as raw material for making activated carbon because it has a high carbon content. Meanwhile, the textile industry is one of the industries that developed in East Kalimantan, especially Samarinda. Where liquid substances from chemicals can increase the concentration of pH, TSS, BOD and COD if directly discharged into the environment without first processing. One way to reduce levels of pollutants from liquid waste is by means of adsorption using activated carbon. This study aims to determine the capacity of activated carbon to the pH, TSS, BOD and COD values in Samarinda waste cloth wastewater. Low rank coal is carbonized at 600 for 1 hour, then activates physics at 800 for 2 hours. As much as 700 ml of Samarinda waste cloth industrial wastewater is adsorbed with activated carbon from low rank coal with a mass of 5, 10 and 15% by mass to waste with an adsorption time of 120 minutes. The best results are obtained at a mass of 15% with a percentage decrease or % removal in conditions: pH value 7.67; TSS 92%; BOD 47.1% and COD 39.26% Index terms: activated carbon, adsorption, liquid waste, textile


Strategy Of Financial Efficiency Of Coal Companies In Indonesia In The Era Of Disruption

Asrid Juniar

This study aims to determine the level of financial efficiency of coal companies listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange and the strategies that must be done to achieve a good level of financial efficiency. The sampling technique uses purposive sampling method and produces 11 (eleven) companies as research samples. Data analysis techniques used are Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) to measure the level of financial efficiency of coal companies for 2015-2016, and SWOT analysis to determine the strategies that must be carried out by the company. Based on the results of data analysis, it was found that 10 (ten) coal companies were efficient in 2015, then 9 (nine) efficient companies in 2016. The strategy that must be applied by coal companies to obtain good financial efficiency based on SWOT analysis matrix must use aggressive strategies (quadrant 1). The strategy that must be done is to maintain good efficiency and calculate the exact costs associated with US$ currency. In addition, the company must also increase EPS to increase investor confidence. Another strategy is to increase production volumes for coal exports to importing countries and increase exports so that revenue and total assets increase with the strengthening of US$ and hedging to anticipate price fluctuations and the exchange rate of Rupiah to US$ by making a payment agreement contract.


Benefits And Challenges Of Enterprises Resources Planning Systems

Azhar Susanto & Meiryani

Enterprises Resources Planning (ERP) Systems are designed based on business processes that are considered 'best practice' - a common process that is most worthy of imitation. For example, how is the general process that actually applies to purchases (purchasing), the preparation of stock in the warehouse and so on. To get the maximum benefit from an ERP system, our industry must also follow the best practice processes that apply. The Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) system integrates many interconnected information, especially information coming from the shop floor with accounting and financial information, so that it will provide comprehensive and integrated information that is useful for communication among people in manufacturing systems. that, as well as facilitate the management of the manufacturing industry to take action or make timely decisions in achieving company goals. Through good communication will also increase harmony between departments in manufacturing companies.


The Role Of Computer Assisted Audit Technique

Azhar Susanto & Meiryani

Audit is an integral part of the modern business environment. Audit develops, from financial audits to other types of audits, such as management, operational, performance, quality, environment, human resources, information technology audits and others. To state the level of conformity, the auditor requires the collection and testing of audit evidence. Audit evidence can be in the form of physical evidence, documentary evidence, testimony evidence, and analyst evidence. The increasing use of information technology/computers in data processing organizations has made changes in the form of audit evidence. If audit evidence as a result of a computer process cannot be seen then it is impractical for the auditor to do manual testing, so that the auditor must consider the use of Computer Assisted Audit Techniques.


The Importance Of Risk Management In An Organizations

Azhar Susanto & Meiryani

Risk management is a structured approach/methodology for managing uncertainty related to threats; a series of human activities including: Risk assessment, developing strategies to manage it and risk mitigation using resource empowerment/management. Strategies that can be taken include moving risk to other parties, avoiding risks, reducing the negative effects of risk, and accommodating some or all of the consequences of certain risks. Financial risk management, on the other hand, focuses on risks that can be managed using financial instruments. The goal of implementing risk management is to reduce the different risks associated with the chosen field at a level acceptable to the community. This can be in the form of various types of threats caused by the environment, technology, people, organizations and politics. The implementation of risk management involves all means available to humans, in particular, to risk management entities as human, staff and organization.


The Effect Of Fiber Length Of The Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunch On Manufacture Particle Board With Urea Formaldehyde Adhesive Towards The Characteristics

Asfarizal saad, Anwar Kasim, Gunawarman, Santosa

Oil palm empty fruit bunches (OPEFB), which is abundant in every crude palm oil industry and has not been optimally used, oil palm empty fruit bunches has the high potential for particle board materials. The characteristic of the particle board is determined by the composition, fiber length, fiber orientation, and fiber diameters. This research is aimed to determine the effect of fiber length toward characteristics particle board. The fiber length OPEFB from 0.1 to 8 cm, used Urea Formaldehyde adhesive with the composition of 12%wt. The fiber and adhesive evenly mixed and press cold for 15 minutes, followed by hot press at the temperature of 130ºC for 15 and 20 minutes, then cooled. Determined the characteristic of the particle board is a measurement of density, moisture content, and Modulus of Rupture, Modulus of Elasticity with bending test and Internal Bonding. The result particle board with eight treatments of fiber length showed that fiber length does not affect density but affect the moisture content, Modulus of Rupture and Modulus of Elasticity. Modulus of Rupture, density and moisture contens meet the standards SNI 03-2105-2006 and JIS A 5908-2003 for medium density. Modulus of Elasticity and Modulus Rupture tend to decrease against increasing length fiber


The Utilization Of CaO Catalyst Impregnated With KOH In Biodiesel Production From Waste Cooking Oil

Syarifuddin Oko, Irmawati Syahrir, Muh. Irwan

Transesterification of used cooking oils with methanol was produce methyl esters (biodiesel) by using CaO as catalyst dissolved by KOH. The CaO obtained from the shelled chicken shells mixed with KOH with variations of % K (0 %, 5 %, 7%, 9 % and 12 %) is accompanied by heating at 85 0C, while the catalytic properties are performed by XRD, Base and SEM.-EDX. The catalysts obtained are then used for the biodiesel production, the best biodiesel yields by producing 87.17% in catalysts of 7% K and oils : methanol (1:12) moles ratio, 1.5 % total oil catalysts, reaction time of 2, 5 hours, the reaction is 65 0C, biodiesel characteristics, kinematic viscosity of 2.89 cSt, 0.032 % water content, density 0.819 g / ml, methyl ester content 99.39 %.


Effect Of The Engine Capacity Improvement Upon The Log Skidding Productivity Under The Monocable System At PT Ratah Timber Company, Kalimantan Timur, Indonesia

Hidayat Hidayat

Abstract—Log Harvesting technology using a monocable winch machine was proved to have reduced the production costs and reduced environmental damages compared withthe use of a bulldozer, and contributes to the fact of being harder to get the natural-forest woods confronted by longer routes and tougher topographical rain forest through swampy areas to get bigger logs nowadays. To skid a bigger diameter or volume of logs requires a much a bigger machine. The main purpose of this research was to find out about the influence of engine capacity improvement from 20HP to 26 HP upon log harvest skidding. Application in log skidding using the 20HP engine generated 7,08 m3/h-1hm productivity, while that of the 26HP generated a 8,52 m3/h-1hm productivity. This shows that the productivity improvement from the 20HP to 26HP engines was 20,33%. However, thet-test, shows that the engine improvement from 20HP to 26HP in terms of log skidding productivity at PT Ratah Timber incorporated did have a significant effect.




In Malaysian Universities, certain courses, require students to take up law subjects as one of the requirements to complete the course. In law classes for non-law students, legal writing starts when students are required to answer law questions. Legal writing is a huge problem to non-law students as they do not know where to start and what to write. To improve the writing process of answering law questions students are required to know the format of answering the questions. A study is carried out to find a new way to help non-law students who undertake law subjects to answer law questions properly. The study developed a smartphone application that can guide the students throughout the writing process. The application is called Smartphone Assisted Legal Writing (SALeW).


Characteristics Of Powder Rice Husk Burning On Cyclone Burner

Sigit Purwanto

Abstract : Cyclone burner is a direct combustion technology, fuel used is rice husk powder of biomass with particle size


Investigation Of Micro Element Intake Of Potassium (K +) And Salt Stress Applied Pepper Plants

Fikret YASAR

This study was carried out in order to determine whether the element of potassium would be effective in the intake of micronutrients of the papper plants under salt stress. In the study, Demre long pepper type was used as material. The study was carried out in 16/8 hour light / dark photoperiod, 25 0C and 70% humid climate room in controlled conditions. After germinating the seeds planted in the pumice, the seedlings formed in 2 real leaves were cultured in hydroponics. Hoagland nutrient solution was used in culture in hydroponic solution. The current Hoagland solution K+ was calculated as 136 ppm and was used as the control. Other doses were K1 = 116 ppm, K2 = 136ppm, K3 = 156 ppm, K4 = 176 ppm. In addition, 100 mM NaCl salt was applied to the plants. Sampling for measurements and analyzes was performed on the 20th day of salt administration. In these samples, iron (Fe +2), zinc (Zn+2), copper (Cu+2), manganese (Mn+) and magnesium (Mg+) contents were determined from micro nutrients by total plant weight. In the results obtained, K3 = 156 ppm and K4 = 176 ppm doses were effective in salvaging the plant from the detrimental effect of salt.


Isolation And Characteristics Molding Fungus Of Stalks And Empty Fruit Bunches Of Oil Palms

Sukriming Sapareng, Ambo Ala, Tutik Kuswinanti, Burhanuddin Rasyid

Fungus has the ability to degrade the stem and EFB because it produces an enzyme that can decompose cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin. Fungal isolates were obtained from decayed palm oil and EFB. Isolates were observed macroscopically and microscopically. Macroscopic observations include growth rate, colony color, elevation and shape of the colony's edge. Microscopic observations include spores and conidiofor fungi. The result of the research was found that there were 32 isolate mushrooms consisting of 17 isolates from crushed palm oil and 15 isolates from EFB. Trichoderma sp3 isolates had the highest colony diameter, and the lowest isolates of Absidia sp grown on PDA media.


Clinical Trials Of Glutathione Intended To Prevent The Outcomes Of Cystic Fibrosis And The Emerging Role Of GSH Precursors In Health Care And Therapeutics

Amna Batool

Current treatments aimed at controlling and alleviating the fatal symptoms of Cystic fibrosis have employed different strategies and agents for the absolute prevention of disease. Variety of clinical studies exploits the master antioxidant known as Glutathione and its precursors to improve the health status of CF patients and to develop the ultimate role of therapeutics. The practical usage of GSH in various clinical trials is assessed by its ability to improve numerous clinical endpoints and surrogate markers of Cystic Fibrosis. More recently a precursor of GSH known as Gemma-glutamylcysteine is gaining larger acceptance, ascertained by its efficacious role in ameliorating the health status of various patients that can give rise to novel clinical interventions for annihilation of the disastrous effects of CF successfully.


Nursing Intervention: Islamic Storytelling On The Hospitalization Anxiety Of Preschool Admitted In Pediatric Ward Of Alihsan Hospital, West Java

Hasbyalloh mochamad salman

Introduction: Based on the survey from the who in 2008 or as many as almost 80 percent of kids experienced treatment at the hospital. In indonesia in 2010 as many as 33.2 % of children hospitalisasi 1,425 have been heavy, 41,6 % had hospitalisasi being, and 25,2 hospitalisasi % had light. Aim: found the effectiveness of storytelling on hospitalization preschool child. Method: an experimental approach with pretest posttest control group design was used. 30 samples were selected by using consecutive sampling technique. Observational checklist were used for data collection. Result: resut showed there is significant decrease in post-test hospitalization anxiety scores (6,27, p,0,05) assessed by observational checklist by interview schedule.


Visual Analysis Of Fair&Lovely Commercial And How It Represents The Image Of Nowadays Indonesian Muslimat

M. I. Qeis, Ahmad Faiz Muntazori, and Nurulfatmi Amzy

The popularity of muslim fashion in Indonesia made its way to the mass media, particularly into the television screen as a part of Indonesian popular culture. One of them is Fair&Lovely Commercial which featured a female model wearing muslim fashion. The commercials featured visual elements and narratives that brings a question about the image and identity of nowadays Indonesian muslimat, as television commercials can represents a particular identity within its visuals. This paper focuses on a visual analysis of Fair&Lovely television commercial, a whitening lotion showing a model wearing muslimat fashion to see how the commercial represents the image of nowaday’s Indonesian young adult muslimat with the approach of semiotics in the form of intersign relation of metaphor-metonymy. The result shows that the Fair&Lovely commercial tries to communicate an image representing a mixture of idea between the Islamic Syar’i values and the Western concept of female and femininity in the form of liberal feminism as a part of nowadays Indonesian muslimat identity.


A Flower Recognition System Based On Image Processing And Neural Networks

Saher Manaseer

Abstract— Recognition is one of computer vision high level processing, the recognition process is mainly based on classifying object by obtaining and analyzing their main distinguishable features. In this paper and as a benchmark dataset we have used Oxford 102 flowers dataset, as it consists of 8189 flowers images that belong to 102 flower species, each species contains 40 to 251 images that has been gathered using internet searching or directly from photographers. we are introducing a flower recognition system for the Oxford 102 flowers dataset using image processing techniques, combined with Artificial neural networks (ANN), based on our proposed methodology, this paper will be divided into 4 main steps; starting with image enhancement, cropping of images used to modify dataset images to create more suitable dataset for next stage. Then image segmentation introduced to separate the foreground (the flower object) from the background (rest of image) where chan-vese active contour has been used, and for the features extraction, all of color, texture and shape have been used, (HSV color descriptor, Gray Level Co-occurrence Matrix (GLCM) as texture descriptor, and Invariant Moments (IM) as a shape descriptor). Finally; the classification process where Back-Propagation Artificial Neural Network (ANN) used. We have achieved (81.19%) as an accuracy rate.


Internal Control Systems & Its Relationships With The Financial Performance In Telecommunication Companies “A Case Study Of Asiacell”

Amanj Mohamed Ahmed

The overall objective of this study was to establish the effects of internal controls on the financial performance of Asiacell as a telecommunication company in Kurdistan Region of Iraq. This was achieved by looking at the effect of control environment, risk assessment, information and communication, control activities and monitoring on the return on asset of the selected company. The study used both primary and secondary techniques to collect the data. In the model, the dependent variable is financial performance while the independent variables are the components of internal controls. After analyzing the audited financial statements and filling the questioners by the employees of the selected company, the findings of the study showed that there is a significant relationship between internal controls and financial performance. The dependent and the independent variables in the study indicated a relationship with control environment, risk assessment. Information and communication and control activities illustrated a positive relationship with the financial performance while monitoring showed a negative relationship with financial performance. The study also found that, Asiacell had invested on effective internal control systems, thus, it had a better financial performance as compared to the related firms that had a weak internal control system. The study further recommends that the governing body, possibly supported by the audit committee, should ensure that the internal control system is periodically monitored and evaluated by the respective managers.



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ISSN 2277-8616
IJSTR - October 2018 - Volume 7 Issue 10