International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Home About Us Scope Editorial Board Blog/Latest News Contact Us
10th percentile
Powered by  Scopus
Scopus coverage:
Nov 2018 to May 2020


IJSTR >> Volume 2- Issue 1, January 2013 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

Heavy Metals Contamination In Mammalian Wildlife of Talchaper Blackbuck Sanctuary Vs Dhavadoli Protected Area of Western Rajasthan, India

[Full Text]



Varsha Gupta, Prakash Bakre



Index term:- Scat, Heavy metals, Bioindicator, Wild mammals, Western Rajasthan.



Abstract:- Our aim to establish the metal (Pb, Cd, Cr, Cu and Zn) levels of Mammalian scat samples deriving from sanctuaries of western Rajasthan and comaprision between the concentrations of Talchaper Blackbuck Sanctuary, Churu and Dhavadoli Protected Area, Jodhpur. Restrictions on the sampling because of Wildlife Protection Act (1972) prevents taking of samples of living tissues to analyse body burdens of contaminants that the wildlife may be carrying, fecal samples were analysed. According to our results the concentrations of metals (ug/g (ppm) dry weight) in fecal samples were higher in the samples of Talchaper then the Dhavadoli. They were in the range of 9.86 to 24.24 (Pb), ND to 0.49 (Cd), 2.45 to 6.62 (Cr), 12.19 to 22.69 (Cu) and ND to 12.61 (Zn) in Talchaper whereas in Dhavadoli, 0.76 to 1.55 (Pb), 0.72 to 1.26 (Cd), 1.14 to 4.71 (Cr), 12.21 to 17.7 (Cu) and 4.53 to 9.61 (Zn). Vegetation, soil, salt and water of Talchaper Blackbuck Sanctuary, Rajasthan showed good concentration whereas Dhavadoli samples showed background concentrations of heavy metals (Pb, Cd, Cr, Cu & Zn).



[1] W.N. Bayer, O.H. Pattee, L. Sileo, D.J. Hoffaman, and B.M. Mulhem, “Metal contamination in wildlife living near two zinc smelters”, Environmental Pollution Ser A, vol. 33, pp. 63-86, 1985.

[2] E.H. Dustman, L.F. Stickel, and J.B. Elder, “Mercury in wild animals from lake St. Clair. In Environmental mercury contamination”, (Ed.), by R. Hurtung and B.D. Dinman,( Ann Arbor, Mich., Ann Arbor Scince Publishers, pp. 46-52, 1972.

[3] C.D. Wren, “Probable case of mercury poisoning in a wild otter, Lutra Canadensis, in northern Ontario”, Can. Field-Nat. vol. 99, pp. 112-114, 1985.

[4] D.R. Clark Jr., “Lead concentrations: bats vs terrestrial mammals collected near a major highway”, Environmental Science & Technology, vol.3, pp. 338-341, 1979.

[5] R.D. Roberts, and M.S. Johnson, “Dispersal of heavy metals from abandoned mine working and their transference through terrestrial food chains”, Environmental Pollution, vol. 16, pp. 293-310, 1978a.

[6] R.D. Roberts, and M.S. Johnson, “Lead contamination of small mammals from abandoned metalliferous mines”, Environmental Pollution, vol. 15, pp. 61-69, 1978b.

[7] S.H. Andrew, M.S. Johnson, J.A. Cooke, “Cadmium in small mammals from grassland established on metalliferous mine waste”, Environmental Pollution Ser A, vol. 33, pp. 153-162, 1984.

[8] J. R. Newman, “Effects of air emissions on wildlife resources”, FWS/OBS-80/40.1. Biological Services Program, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Washington, DC, 1980.
[9] C.A. Way, and G.D. Schroder, “ Accumulation of lead and cadmium in wild population of the commensal rat, Rattus norvegegicus”, Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, vol. 11, pp. 407-417, 1982.

[10] R.F. Reidinger Jr, “Factors influencing Arizona bat population levels”, Ph.D. Thesis, University of Arizona, Tucson, 1972.

[11] M.G. Petit, and J.S. Altenbach, “A chronological record of environmental chemicals from analysis of stratified vertebrate excretion deposited in a sheltered environment”, Environmental Research, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 339-343, 1973.

[12] D.R. Clark Jr., K.L.V. Richard, and D.T. Merlin, “Estimating pesticide burdens of bats from guano analysis”, Bulletin of Environmental Contamination Toxicology, vol. 29, pp. 214-220, 1982.

[13] T. Kjellstrom, K. Borg, and B. Lind, “Cadmium in feces as an estimator of daily cadmium intake in Sweden”, Environmental Research, vol.15, pp. 242-25, 1978.

[14] L. Sileo, and W.N. Beyer, “Heavy metals in white-tailed deer living near a zinc smelter in Pennsylvania”, Journal of Wildlife Diseases, vol. 21, pp. 289-296, 1985.

[15] V. Gaumat, and P.P. Bakre, “Mammalian dung as a bioindicator of heavy metal contamination”, Proceedings of Academy of Environmental Biology, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 99-102, 1998.

[16] V. Gaumat, and P.P. Bakre, “Metal contamination in mammalian fauna of Keoladeo National Park, Bharatpur (India)”, Environment and Agriculture: Biodiversity Agriculture and Pollution in South Asia, pp. 577-580, 2001.

[17] V. Gupta, and P.P. Bakre, “Metal contamination in mammalian fauna of Sariska tiger reserve, Alwar, India”, Journal of Ecophysiology and Occupational Health, vol. 12, pp. 43-48, 2012.

[18] C. Leonzio, and A. Massi, “Metal bio-monitoring in bird eggs : A critical experiment”, Bulletin of Environmental Contamination Toxicology, vol. 43, pp. 402-406, 1989.

[19] P. Littele, R.D. Wiffen, “Emission and deposition of petrol engine exhaust Pb-I, Deposition of exhaust Pb to plant and soil surfaces”, Atmospheric Environment, vol. 11, pp. 437, 1977.

[20] P. Littele, R.D. Wiffen, Emission and deposition of lead from motor exhaust II. Airborne concentration, particle size and deposition of lead near motorways, Atmospheric Environment, vol. 12, pp. 1331, 1978.

[21] P. Williamson, and P.R. Evans, “Lead: Leavels in roadside invertebrates and small mammals”, Bulletin of Environmental Contamination Toxicology, vol. 8, pp. 280-288, 1972.

[22] C.D. Klaassen, “Biliary excretion of metals”, Drug Metabolism Reviews, vol. 5, pp. 165-96, 1976.

[23] A.E. Sobel, O. Gawron, and B. Kramer, “Influences of vitamin D in experimental lead poisoning”. Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine, vol. 38, pp. 433-435, 1938.

[24] R.A. Goyer, “Toxic effects of metals”. In: casarett and Doull’s Toxicology.The Science of Poisons, Klaassen, C.D. 3rd Ed. (Macmillan Publishing Company) pp. 582-653,1986.