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IJSTR >> Volume 9 - Issue 12, December 2020 Edition



International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616



Association of Particulate Pollutants and Prevalence of Symptoms of Health Conditions among Occupants of Residential Buildings in Enugu, Nigeria

[Full Text]

 

AUTHOR(S)

Austine M. Ezezue; Eziyi O. Ibem

 

KEYWORDS

Health symptoms, Interior spaces, Particulate pollutants, Passive design; Residential buildings

 

ABSTRACT

Occupants of residential buildings are exposed to different kinds of particulate pollutants on a daily basis because poor ventilation of interior spaces. However, the link between the presence of indoor particulate pollutants and health conditions of occupants in residential buildings has not been adequately investigated. This study assessed the association between particulate pollutants in isolated spaces and the prevalence of health symptoms amongst occupants of residential buildings in Enugu, Nigeria. The data were sourced via a questionnaire survey of adult 400 occupants of residential buildings in the study area and subjected to descriptive and logistic regression analyses. The findings reveal that burning of fuel and related activities in poorly ventilated kitchens, lounges, dining spaces and bedrooms are the main sources of particulate pollutants in residential buildings in the study area. A high prevalence of nasal congestion/ runny nose (93%) eye irritation (87%) and headache (85%) was reported amongst occupants of the buildings, while a significant association was found between the presence of particulate pollutants in the spaces and prevalence of these health symptoms amongst occupants of the residential buildings. The study implies that residential buildings lacking control measures for indoor particulate pollutants can be a major source of health risk in the study area, and that this can be addressed through the adoption of passive building design strategies and features.

 

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