International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Home About Us Scope Editorial Board Blog/Latest News Contact Us
10th percentile
Powered by  Scopus
Scopus coverage:
Nov 2018 to May 2020


IJSTR >> Volume 9 - Issue 3, March 2020 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

Design Calculation Of A100 Kwe Refuse Derived Fuel Gasifier

[Full Text]



Suhartono, Nurhadi, Yusuf Suryo Utomo, Imam Djunaedi, Arifin Santosa, Yudi Hidayat



downdraft, efficiency, gasifier dimension, municipal solid waste, open top gasifier, refused-derive fuel, syngas



A downdraft open top gasifier for refuse-derived fuel (RDF)-pellets was designed as a potential substitution fuel in a modified diesel engine. The gasifier reactor design consideration is intended to produce electricity of 100 kWe. The primary purpose of this paper is to address the gasifier dimensions based on parameters of a diesel engine specification data and an experimental, as well as the simulation results. A small stratified open top gasifier was used to evaluate the performance of RDF-pellets as gasifier feedstocks. The characteristics and gasification performance of RDF-pellets using this small stratified are included. A process model of RDF-pellets gasification was also developed to predict a syngas’s qualified to be combusted on the diesel-engine. Based on the points of view of this study revealed that the gasifier diameter and height of downdraft open top gasifier were found in the range of 0.7-1.4 meter and 1.8-3.5 meter, respectively. The thermal power of 225.20 kW in the syngas was obtained from RDF-pellet feed rate of 113.30 kg/hr. to meet 100 kWe of electricity production.The design of the gasifier reactor with this dimension is expected to be feasible to be coupled with a 100 kWe diesel engine for electricity production that is applied in the local municipal waste management.



[1] M. L. Násner, E. E. S. Lora, J. C. E. Palacio, M. H. Rocha, J. C. Restrepo, O. J. Venturini and A. Ratner, "Refuse Derived Fuel (RDF) production and gasification in a pilot plant integrated with an Otto cycle ICE through Aspen plusTM modelling: Thermodynamic and economic viability," Waste Management, p. 187–201, 7 August 2017.
[2] J. Haydary, "Gasification of Refused-Derived Fuel (RDF)," De Gruyter (Geo Science Engineering), vol. LXII, no. 1, pp. 37-45, 13 August 2016.
[3] N. Couto, A. Rouboa, V. Silva, E. Monteiro and K. Bouziane, "Influence of the biomass gasification processes on the final composition of syngas," Energy Procedia, vol. 36, p. 596 – 606, 2013.
[4] B. Bilal and M. RaviKumar, "Study on simulation of biomass gasification for syngas production in a fixed bed reactor," International Journal of Scientific Research in Science and Technology, vol. 4, no. 11, pp. 139-149, December 2018.
[5] A. Ribeiro, C. Vilarino, J. Araujo and J. Carvalo, "Refuse derived fuel (RDF) gasification using different gasifying agents," in Proceedings of the ASME 2017 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, Florida, 2017.
[6] X. Li, J. Grace, A. Watkinson, C. Lim and A. ErguÈdenler, "Equilibrium modeling of gasification: a free energy minimization approach and its application to a circulating spot-fluid bed coal gasifier," Fuel, vol. 80, pp. 195-207, 18 April 2001.
[7] A. Susastriawana, H. Saptoadi and Purnomo, "Small-scale downdraft gasifiers for biomass gasification: A review," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 76, p. 989–1003, 2017.
[8] İ. S. Dalimas, B. Kayisoglu, S. Tugc, T. Aktas and M. R. Durgut, "A Prototype Downdraft Gasifier design with mechanical stirrer for rice straw gasification and comparative performance evaluation for two different airflow paths," Journal of Agricultural Sciences, vol. 24, pp. 329-339, 2017.
[9] M. T. Htet, "Design and Performance for 14kW Downdraft Open Core Gasifier Core Gasifier," International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, vol. 8, no. 7, pp. 290-294, 2018.
[10] Suhartono, B. D. Prasetyo and I. N. Azizah, "Synthetic gas (syngas) production in downdraft corncob Gasifier and its application as fuel using conventional domestic (LPG) stove," Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, vol. 11, no. 8, pp. 5238-5243, 2016.
[11] L. Zhao, A. Giannis, W.-Y. Lam, S.-X. Lin, G.-A. Y. Ke Yin and J.-Y. Wang, "Characterization of Singapore RDF resources and analysis of their heating value," Sustainable Environment Research, vol. 26, pp. 51-54, 5 April 2016.
[12] M. E. Arce, Á. Saavedra, J. L. Míguez, E. Granada and A. Cacabelos, "Biomass fuel and combustion conditions selection in a fixed bed combustor," Energies, vol. 6, pp. 5973-5989, 2013.
[13] Suhartono, F. Gasela, A. Khoirunnisa and Suharto, "An evaluation of a solid biomass cook stove in small household Industry," Journal of Physics, vol. 1090, pp. 1-10, 2018.
[14] C. Igathinathane, J. S. Tumuluru, S. Sokhansanj, X. Bi, C. Lim, S. Melin and E. Mohammad, "Simple and inexpensive method of wood pellets macro-porosity measurement," Bioresource Technology, vol. 101, p. 6528–6537, 3 April 2010.
[15] Q. Miao, J. Zhu, S. Barghi, C. Wub, X. Yin and Z. Zhou, "Modeling biomass gasification in circulating fluidized beds: model sensitivity analysis," International Journal of Energy and Power, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 57-63, 2013.
[16] S. Jarungthammachote and A. Dutta, "Equilibrium modeling of gasification: gibbs free energy minimization approach and its application to spouted bed and spout-fluid bed gasifiers," Energy Conversion and Management, vol. 49, p. 1345–1356, 2008.
[17] D. Prando, S. S. Ail, D. Chiaramonti, M. Baratieri and S. Dasappa, "Characterisation of the producer gas from an open top gasifier: Assessment of different tar analysis approaches," Fuel, vol. 181, p. 566–572, 21 April 2016.
[18] M. Asadullah, "Barriers of commercial power generation using biomass gasification gas: Areview," RenewableandSustainableEnergyReviews, vol. 29, p. 201–215, 24 August 2014.
[19] J. Ruiz, M. rez, M.P.Morales, P.Mun˜oz and M.A.Mendı´vil, "Biomass gasification for electricity generation: Review of current technology barriers," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 18, p. 174–183, 9 November 2013.
[20] R. P. Devi and S. Kamaraj, "Design and development of updraft gasifier using solid biomass," International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 182-189, 2017.
[21] N. V. Lanh, N. H. Bich, N. N. Quyen, B. N. Hung and T. R. Preston, "A study on designing, manufacturing and testing a household rice husk gasifier," Livestock Research for Rural Development, vol. 30, no. 2, pp. 1-12, 2018.
[22] A. T. Belonio, "Design and performance of a houshold-size continuous-flow rice husk stove," in The 9th International Agricultural Engineering Conference and Exhibition, Dapitan, 2011.