IJSTR

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Home About Us Scope Editorial Board Blog/Latest News Contact Us
0.2
2019CiteScore
 
10th percentile
Powered by  Scopus
Scopus coverage:
Nov 2018 to May 2020

CALL FOR PAPERS
AUTHORS
DOWNLOADS
CONTACT

IJSTR >> Volume 9 - Issue 3, March 2020 Edition



International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616



Behavioral Incivility And Leadership Styles: Assessing The Mediation Of Job Strain, Employment Insecurity And Relational Injustice: A Conceptual Model

[Full Text]

 

AUTHOR(S)

Javeria Baig, Ahmed A. Zaid

 

KEYWORDS

Behavioral incivility, Employment insecurity, Job strain, Passive leadership, Relational injustice, Servant leadership.

 

ABSTRACT

This conceptual paper is intended to identify and understand behavioral incivility. Behavioral incivility has emerged as one of the most alarming aggressive behaviors as its unambiguous intent has made it a severe challenge for organizations. Such behavioral incivility is urged by various organizational attributes like job strain, employment insecurity, and relational injustice. Leadership has been found quite evident in motivating and discouraging incivility practices depending upon its various styles. This study has reviewed the literature on the relationship between passive leadership, servant leadership, job strain, employment insecurity, and relational injustice and behavioral incivility. This study has aimed to review the literature Furthermore, this study has aimed to propose a conceptual model to clarify the mediating role of job strain, employment insecurity and relational injustice in the context of the Pakistani manufacturing sector. In this paper, a systematic literature review method is adopted and it has been revealed that passive leadership increases behavioral incivility while servant leadership cured it by decreasing it. Based on several evidences, the Job strain, employment insecurity, and relational injustice are proposed as strong mediators in this regard.

 

REFERENCES

[1] Chen, Y., et al., Self-love's lost labor: A self-enhancement model of workplace incivility. Academy of Management Journal, 2013. 56(4): p. 1199-1219.
[2] Felblinger, D.M., Incivility and bullying in the workplace and nurses’ shame responses. Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic & Neonatal Nursing, 2008. 37(2): p. 234-242.
[3] Pearson, C., The Cost of Bad Behavior: How Incivility Is Damaging Your Business and What to Do about It. Human Resource Management International Digest, 2010. 18(6).
[4] Sayers, J.K., et al., When employees engage in workplace incivility: The interactive effect of psychological contract violation and organizational justice. Employee Responsibilities and Rights Journal, 2011. 23(4): p. 269-283.
[5] Porath, C.L. and C.M. Pearson, Emotional and behavioral responses to workplace incivility and the impact of hierarchical status. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 2012. 42: p. E326-E357.
[6] Wachs, J., Workplace incivility, bullying, and mobbing. AAOHN journal, 2009. 57(2): p. 88-88.
[7] Bernhard, F. and M.P. O'Driscoll, Psychological ownership in small family-owned businesses: Leadership style and nonfamily-employees’ work attitudes and behaviors. Group & Organization Management, 2011. 36(3): p. 345-384.
[8] Clarke, S., Safety leadership: A meta‐analytic review of transformational and transactional leadership styles as antecedents of safety behaviours. Journal of occupational and organizational psychology, 2013. 86(1): p. 22-49.
[9] Johnson, N.J. and T. Klee, Passive-aggressive behavior and leadership styles in organizations. Journal of Leadership & Organizational Studies, 2007. 14(2): p. 130-142.
[10] Skogstad, A., et al., The destructiveness of laissez-faire leadership behavior. Journal of occupational health psychology, 2007. 12(1): p. 80.
[11] Sosik, J.J. and D. Jung, Full range leadership development: Pathways for people, profit, and planet. 2018: Routledge.
[12] Conchie, S.M. and I.J. Donald, The moderating role of safety-specific trust on the relation between safety-specific leadership and safety citizenship behaviors. Journal of occupational health psychology, 2009. 14(2): p. 137.
[13] Einarsen, S., M.S. Aasland, and A. Skogstad, Destructive leadership behaviour: A definition and conceptual model. The Leadership Quarterly, 2007. 18(3): p. 207-216.
[14] Elst, T.V., N. De Cuyper, and H. De Witte, The role of perceived control in the relationship between job insecurity and psychosocial outcomes: moderator or mediator?, Stress and Health, 2011. 27(3): p. e215-e227.
[15] Limsila, K. and S.O. Ogunlana, Performance and leadership outcome correlates of leadership styles and subordinate commitment. Engineering, construction and architectural management, 2008. 15(2): p. 164-184.
[16] Rowold, J., M. Diebig, and K. Heinitz, The effects of transformational and instrumental leadership on followers’ levels of cortisol. German Journal of Human Resource Management, 2017. 31(3): p. 219-237.
[17] Hazy, J.K., Computer models of leadership: Foundations for a new discipline or meaningless diversion?, The Leadership Quarterly, 2007. 18(4): p. 391-410.
[18] Vinkenburg, C.J., et al., An exploration of stereotypical beliefs about leadership styles: Is transformational leadership a route to women's promotion?, The Leadership Quarterly, 2011. 22(1): p. 10-21.
[19] Chênevert, D., et al., Passive leadership, role stressors, and affective organizational commitment: A time-lagged study among health care employees. Revue Européenne de Psychologie Appliquée/European Review of Applied Psychology, 2013. 63(5): p. 277-286.
[20] Hu, J. and R.C. Liden, Antecedents of team potency and team effectiveness: An examination of goal and process clarity and servant leadership, Journal of Applied psychology, 2011. 96(4): p. 851.
[21] 21. Jaramillo, F., et al., Examining the impact of servant leadership on salesperson’s turnover intention, Journal of Personal Selling & Sales Management, 2009. 29(4): p. 351-365.
[22] Ebener, D.R. and D.J. O'Connell, How might servant leadership work?, Nonprofit Management and Leadership, 2010. 20(3): p. 315-335.
[23] Sendjaya, S., J.C. Sarros, and J.C. Santora, Defining and measuring servant leadership behaviour in organizations. Journal of Management studies, 2008. 45(2): p. 402-424.
[24] Jackson, D., Servant leadership in nursing: A framework for developing sustainable research capacity in nursing. Collegian, 2008. 15(1): p. 27-33.
[25] Neill, M., K.S. Hayward, and T. Peterson, Students' perceptions of the interprofessional team in practice through the application of servant leadership principles. Journal of interprofessional care, 2007. 21(4): p. 425-432.
[26] Wong, P.T., D. Davey, and F.B. Church, Best practices in servant leadership. Servant Leadership Research Roundtable, School of Global Leadership and Entrepreneurship, Regent University, 2007. 7(1): p. 1.
[27] Bartlett, M., Workplace incivility and conflict management styles of community college leaders in the nine mega states. 2009.
[28] Cortina, L.M., Unseen injustice: Incivility as modern discrimination in organizations. Academy of management review, 2008. 33(1): p. 55-75.
[29] Reio Jr, T.G. and J. Sanders-Reio, Thinking about workplace engagement: does supervisor and coworker incivility really matter? Advances in Developing Human Resources, 2011. 13(4): p. 462-478.
[30] Taylor, S.G., A.G. Bedeian, and D.H. Kluemper, Linking workplace incivility to citizenship performance: The combined effects of affective commitment and conscientiousness. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 2012. 33(7): p. 878-893.
[31] Cortina, L.M. and V.J. Magley, Patterns and profiles of response to incivility in the workplace. Journal of occupational health psychology, 2009. 14(3): p. 272.
[32] Lim, S. and A. Lee, Work and nonwork outcomes of workplace incivility: Does family support help? Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 2011. 16(1): p. 95.
[33] Ghosh, R., J.L. Jacobs, and T.G. Reio Jr, The toxic continuum from incivility to violence: What can HRD do? Advances in Developing Human Resources, 2011. 13(1): p. 3-9.
[34] Estes, B. and J. Wang, Integrative literature review: Workplace incivility: Impacts on individual and organizational performance. Human Resource Development Review, 2008. 7(2): p. 218-240.
[35] Trudel, J. and T.G. Reio Jr, Managing workplace incivility: The role of conflict management styles—antecedent or antidote? Human Resource Development Quarterly, 2011. 22(4): p. 395-423.
[36] Parris, D.L. and J.W. Peachey, A systematic literature review of servant leadership theory in organizational contexts. Journal of business ethics, 2013. 113(3): p. 377-393.
[37] Van Dierendonck, D., Servant leadership: A review and synthesis. Journal of management, 2011. 37(4): p. 1228-1261.
[38] Walumbwa, F.O., C.A. Hartnell, and A. Oke, Servant leadership, procedural justice climate, service climate, employee attitudes, and organizational citizenship behavior: a cross-level investigation. Journal of applied psychology, 2010. 95(3): p. 517.
[39] Kivimäki, M., et al., Job strain as a risk factor for coronary heart disease: a collaborative meta-analysis of individual participant data. The Lancet, 2012. 380(9852): p. 1491-1497.
[40] Leijten, F.R., et al., Associations of work-related factors and work engagement with mental and physical health: a 1-year follow-up study among older workers. Journal of occupational rehabilitation, 2015. 25(1): p. 86-95.
[41] Fransson, E.I., et al., Job strain as a risk factor for leisure-time physical inactivity: an individual-participant meta-analysis of up to 170,000 men and women: the IPD-Work Consortium. American journal of epidemiology, 2012. 176(12): p. 1078-1089.
[42] Landsbergis, P.A., et al., Job strain and ambulatory blood pressure: a meta-analysis and systematic review. American journal of public health, 2013. 103(3): p. e61-e71.
[43] Pietarinen, J., et al., Reducing teacher burnout: A socio-contextual approach. Teaching and Teacher Education, 2013. 35: p. 62-72.
[44] Virtanen, M., et al., Perceived job insecurity as a risk factor for incident coronary heart disease: systematic review and meta-analysis. Bmj, 2013. 347: p. f4746.
[45] Carr, E. and H. Chung, Employment insecurity and life satisfaction: The moderating influence of labour market policies across Europe. Journal of European Social Policy, 2014. 24(4): p. 383-399.
[46] Virgili, M., Mindfulness-based interventions reduce psychological distress in working adults: a meta-analysis of intervention studies. Mindfulness, 2015. 6(2): p. 326-337.
[47] Bernburg, M., et al., Physicians' occupational stress, depressive symptoms and work ability in relation to their working environment: a cross-sectional study of differences among medical residents with various specialties working in German hospitals. BMJ open, 2016. 6(6): p. e011369.
[48] Shoss, M.K., Job insecurity: An integrative review and agenda for future research. Journal of Management, 2017. 43(6): p. 1911-1939.
[49] Greenhalgh, L. and Z. Rosenblatt, Job insecurity: Toward conceptual clarity. Academy of Management review, 1984. 9(3): p. 438-448.
[50] Pohlhaus Jr, G., Relational knowing and epistemic injustice: Toward a theory of willful hermeneutical ignorance. Hypatia, 2012. 27(4): p. 715-735.
[51] Elovainio, M., et al., Perceived organizational justice as a predictor of long-term sickness absence due to diagnosed mental disorders: results from the prospective longitudinal Finnish Public Sector Study. Social science & medicine, 2013. 91: p. 39-47.
[52] Siegrist, J. and J. Li, Associations of extrinsic and intrinsic components of work stress with health: a systematic review of evidence on the effort-reward imbalance model. International journal of environmental research and public health, 2016. 13(4): p. 432.
[53] Ndjaboué, R., C. Brisson, and M. Vézina, Organisational justice and mental health: a systematic review of prospective studies. Occup Environ Med, 2012. 69(10): p. 694-700.
[54] Fujishiro, K., et al., Shift work, job strain and changes in the body mass index among women: a prospective study. Occup Environ Med, 2017. 74(6): p. 410-416.
[55] Madsen, I.E., et al., Job strain as a risk factor for clinical depression: systematic review and meta-analysis with additional individual participant data. Psychological medicine, 2017. 47(8): p. 1342-1356.
[56] Duffey, T. and C. Somody, The role of relational-cultural theory in mental health counseling. Journal of Mental Health Counseling, 2011. 33(3): p. 223-242.
[57] Voßemer, J., et al., The effects of unemployment and insecure jobs on well-being and health: The moderating role of labor market policies. Social Indicators Research, 2018. 138(3): p. 1229-1257.
[58] F. Hair Jr, J., et al., Partial least squares structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM) An emerging tool in business research. European Business Review, 2014. 26(2): p. 106-121.
[59] Hair Jr, J.F., et al., A primer on partial least squares structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM). 2016: Sage Publications.
[60] 60. Peng, D.X. and F. Lai, Using partial least squares in operations management research: A practical guideline and summary of past research. Journal of Operations Management, 2012. 30(6): p. 467-480.