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IJSTR >> Volume 9 - Issue 3, March 2020 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

Secure Routing In Vehicular Ad Hoc Networking With Relay Node Against Black And Gray Hole Attack

[Full Text]



D. Silambarasan, Dr.P.Suresh



VANET, Relay Node, Black Hole, Gray Hole, Broadcast Storm Problem.



VANeting a peculiar n/w with a dynamic topology that transfers messages or warnings between vehicles to Roadside units and between vehicles in all types of roadside regimes, including rural, urban, and highways. These communications bring all the roadside nodes to work together by setting routes and communication links. It also supports and offers intelligent transportation, comfort, security, and entertainment applications. The “Wireless Access Vehicular Environment (WAVE)” standard in VANET has IEEE 802.11p / 609.3 standards at the lower/advanced level of the network layer, respectively. This network (n/w) has rapidly changing topologies with high mobility. The warning messages alert others to prevent collisions and traffic accidents and thus reducing roadside issues. Designing a routing protocol for this dynamic topology involves a lot of challenges such as packet loss, delay, latency, security threats, etc. The proposed model aims to improve the vehicular system by employing the Relay Driven Backbone network where the vehicles are elected automatically as Relay and Distributed Broadcasting Protocol is used for Data Communication. Two security threats Black, Gray hole, and broadcast storm problem in broadcasting are discussed. Proper implementation is ensured to prevent those threats. For Simulation evaluation of proposed models NS-3 is used. The parameters PDR, Throughput, PLR, E2E Delay are addressed in addition to compared with existing models.



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