International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Home About Us Scope Editorial Board Blog/Latest News Contact Us
10th percentile
Powered by  Scopus
Scopus coverage:
Nov 2018 to May 2020


IJSTR >> Volume 9 - Issue 3, March 2020 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

Development Of Scale For Ethical Climate Questionnaire Applicable To Higher Educational Institutions

[Full Text]



Pradeep Kumar, Raghavendra Kamath C*, Dr Babu Thomas



Ethical climate, Higher education, Scale construction, Scale development, Reliability, Mean, Standard deviation



Concept of ethical climate is highly effective in an organizational sense. A questionnaire to measure ethical climate based on survey is very much need of the hour. In this regard, surveys were conducted with the developed questionnaire of 49 items and 12 dimensions. This was further refined in the final study to 36 items and 9 dimensions based on the 236 survey samples. Reliability of questionnaire has been established by computing Cronbach’s alpha at higher educational institutions. A comprehensive questionnaire has been developed for the ethical climate in higher educational institutes in south western parts of India taking in to account the responses from latest survey.



[1] B. Victor and J. B. Cullen, “A Theory and Measure of Ethical Climates in Organizations,” Research in Corporate Social Performance and Policy, 9, pp. 51-71, 1987.
[2] B. Victor and J. B. Cullen, “The Organizational Bases of Ethical Work Climates,” Administrative Science Quarterly, 33, pp. 101-125, 1988.
[3] J. B. Cullen, B. Victor and J.W. Bronson, “The Ethical Climate Questionnaire: An Assessment of its Development and Validity,” Psychological Reports, 73(2), pp. 667-674, 1993
[4] R. K. Greenleaf, D.M. Frick and L. C. Spears, On Becoming a Servant Leader, San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass Publishers, 1996.
[5] M.G. Ehrhart, “Leadership and Procedural Justice Climate as Antecedents of Unit-Level Organizational Citizenship Behavior,” Personnel Psychology, 57(1), pp. 61-94, 2004.
[6] P. Roby, “Ethical Leadership in College Athletics,” Journal of Intercollegiate Sport, 7, pp. 35-39, 2014
[7] S. P. Deshpande, “Ethical Climate and the Link between Success and Ethical Behaviour: An Empirical Investigation of a Non-profit Organization,” Journal of Business Ethics, 15, pp. 315-320, 1996.
[8] K. P. Parboteeah, J. B. Cullen, B. Victor and T. Sakano, “National Culture and Ethical Climates: A Comparison of US and Japanese Accounting Firms,” MIR, Management International Review, pp. 459-481, 2005.
[9] J. Maesschalck, “The Use of the Ethical Climate Questionnaire in the Public Sector: An Empirical Assessment,” Ethics and Integrity of Governance: the First Transatlantic Dialogue, pp. 1-29, 2005.
[10] K. D. Martin and J. B. Cullen, “Continuities and Extensions of Ethical Climate Theory: A Meta-Analytic Review,” Journal of Business Ethics, 69, pp. 175-194, 2006.
[11] M. Ambrose, A. Arnaud, and M. Schminke, “Individual Moral Development and Ethical Climate: The Influence of Person-Organization Fit on Job Attitudes,” Journal of Business Ethics, 77, pp. 323-333, 2007.
[12] Arnaud and M. Schminke, “The Ethical Climate and Context of Organizations: A Comprehensive Model,” Organization Science, 23, pp. 1767-1780, 2012.
[13] Grobler, “An Adapted Measure of Ethical Climate in Organizations - A Southern African Study,” African Journal of Business Ethics, 11(1), pp. 1-21, 2016.