IJSTR

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Home About Us Scope Editorial Board Blog/Latest News Contact Us
0.2
2019CiteScore
 
10th percentile
Powered by  Scopus
Scopus coverage:
Nov 2018 to May 2020

CALL FOR PAPERS
AUTHORS
DOWNLOADS
CONTACT

IJSTR >> Volume 8 - Issue 4, April 2019 Edition



International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616



Development Of Enhanced Substrate From Fresh Elephant Grass For Biogas Production

[Full Text]

 

AUTHOR(S)

Mbachu, Victor M., Igboanugo, Anthony C., Alukwe, Uchechukwu J.

 

KEYWORDS

alkaline pre-treatment, Biogas Technology, Biomass Biodegradation, Methane Content, Renewable energy, System Optimization, alkaline pre-treatment

 

ABSTRACT

Cow dung, which is a by-product of grass-eating, digestion and excretion by cow, is often hard to find in some places. This situation has therefore created a yawning gap for the use of mechanical and biochemical processes to mimic grass-eating, digestion and excretion of dung as an alternative way to provide the needed sustainable feedstock for biogas production. This research seeks to convert efficiently grass; elephant grass (pennisetum purpureum) in particular, to biogas. The purpose of the research is to provide a sustainable alternative to cow dung. Elephant grass was obtained, crushed with pulverizer, pre-treated with native potash (as to enhance pH) and inoculated with predetermined quantity of liquid mixture of cow dung from already running digester. After a retention time of 3 to 4 days, copious quantity of biogas started forming. There were however other trials involving the use of: grass and native potash alone, inoculated grass alone, and raw grass only, none of which produced flammable gas, except CO2 only. Our results confirm that biogas of high methane content (64.3%) can be produced from elephant grass using the above stated method. It’s therefore also confirmed that grass-to- gas conversion is realizable.

 

REFERENCES

[1]. A. Chuanchai & R. Ramaraj (2018). Sustainability Assessment Of Biogas Production From Buffalo Grass And Dung : Biogas Purification And Bio ‑ Fertilizer, 3 Biotech. 8(151): 1–11. https://www.academicjournals.org https://doi.org/10.1007/s13205-018-1170-x

[2]. A.B. Rabah, A.S. Baki, L.G. Hassan, M. Musa & A.D. Ibrahim (2010) Production of Biogas Using Abattoir Waste at Different Retention Time. Science World Journal. [Online] 5(4) P. 23-26. Available from: www.scienceworldjournal.org/article/download/8597/6065 [Accessed: 8 December 2016]

[3]. A.P.Q. Marco (2011) Learning Challenges In Biogas Production For Sustainability- An Activity Theoretical Study Of A Network From A Swine Industry Chain. A Published Dissertation Submitted to Institute of Behavioural Sciences Studies in Educational Sciences 240, University of Helsinki. Available from: https://helda.helsinki.fi/bitstream/handle/10138/27695/learning.pdf?sequence=3 [Accessed: 11 October 2016]

[4]. B. F. Adam & S F. Stephen (2014) Lignin biodegradation and industrial implications. AIMS Bioengineering. [Online] 1(2). P. 92-112. Available from: www.aimspress.com>bioeng.2014.2.92 [Accessed: 13 September 2016].

[5]. B. Wu, E.L. Bibeau & K.G. Gebremedhin (2009) Three dimensional numerical simulation model of biogas production for anaerobic digesters. Canadian Biosystems Engineering. [Online] 51(1) P. 8.1 - 8.7. Available from: www.csbe-scgab.ca/docs/journal/51/c0807.pdf [accessed: 24 June 2017]

[6]. B.B. Sajeena, P.P. Jose & G. Madhu (2014), Optimization of Process Parameters Affecting Biogas Production from Organic Fraction of Municipal Solid Waste via Anaerobic Digestion. International Journal of Environmental, Chemical, Ecological, Geological and Geophysical Engineering (World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology) [Online] 8(1) P. 43-48 Available from: http://waset.org/publications/9997252/ [accessed: 24 June 2017]

[7]. C. Mulinda, Q. Hu & K. Pan (2013) Dissemination and Problems of African Biogas Technology. Energy and Power Engineering. [Online] 5(1). P. 506 - 512. Available from: https://file.scirp.org/pdf/EPE_2013102410394221.pdf [accessed: 13 September 2016].

[8]. D. Kralik, Z. Bukvić, S. Kukic, N. Uranjek & M. Vukšić (2008). Sudan grass as an energy crop for biogas production, Cereal Research Communications. 36: 579 – 582. https://doi.org/10.1556/CRC.36.2008.Suppl.1

[9]. G. Agnieszka, M. Małgorzata, C. Danuta & S. Magdalena (2013) Methods of Research to Assess Biodegradability of Biomass Materials. CHEMIK. [Online] 67(10). P. 945–954. Available from: www.chemikinternational.com [Accessed: 13 September 2016].
[10]. G. Premsunder, D. Subhabrata, G. Amit, D. Kuntala & K.C. Pradip (2015) Optimization of Xylose Production by Alkaline Hydrolysis of Water Hyacinth Biomass using Response Surface Methodology and Artificial Neural Network. International Journal of Applied Biology and Pharmaceutical Technology. [Online] 6(3) P. 34-45. Available from: http://imsear.li.mahidol.ac.th/handle/123456789/168666 [Accessed: 8 December 2016]

[11]. H. Abu-Qdais, K.A. Bani-Hani & N. Shatnawi (2010) Modeling and optimization of biogas production from a waste digester using artificial neural network and genetic algorithm. Resources Conservation and Recycling 54(6), P 359-363.

[12]. H. Imdadul, R. Stelios, G. Ewa & K. Leonidas (2009) Bio-Energy Production In The Sugar Industry: An Integrated Modeling Approach. A Paper prepared for presentation at the 113th EAAE Seminar “A resilient European food industry and food chain in a challenging world”, Chania, Crete, Greece, date as in: September 3 - 6, 2009 [Online] Available from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/46473223 [Accessed: 15 October 2017]

[13]. H.X. Corseuil & Jr W.J. Weber (1994) Potential Biomass Limitations on Rates of Degradation of Mono Aromatic Hydrocarbons by Indigenous Microbes in Subsurface Soils. Wat. Res. [Online] 28(6), P. 1415-1423. Available from: https://deepblue.lib.umich.edu/bitstream/handle/2027.42/31568/0000495.pdf?...1 [Accessed: 11th March 2017].

[14]. J. Arutchelvi, M. Sudhakar, A. Arkatkar, M. Doble, S. Bhaduri, & P.V. Uppara (2007) Biodegradation of Polyethylene and Polypropylene. Indian Journal of Biotechnology. [Online] 7(1). P. 9-22. Available from: https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/2450/5625e6d7b99dff9081815785ad5196defe5d.pdf [Accessed: 10 October 2017].

[15]. J. Olowoyeye (2013) Comparative Studies on Biogas Production Using Six Different Animal Dungs. Journal of Energy Technologies and Policy [Online] 3(10). P. 1–6 Available from: www.iiste.org/Journals/index.php/JETP/article/download/8448/8413 [Accessed: 24 October 2017]

[16]. J. Pe´rez, J. Mun˜oz-Dorado, T. de la Rubia & J. Martı´nez (2002) Biodegradation and Biological Treatments of Cellulose, Hemicellulose And Lignin: An Overview. Int. Microbiol [Online] 5. P. 53 – 63. Available from: https://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007/s10123-002-0062-3.pdf [Accessed: 24 October 2017]

[17]. J.V. Oliveira, M.M. Alves & J.C. Costa (2014) Optimization Of Biogas Production From Sargassum Sp. Using A Design Of Experiments To Assess The Co-Digestion With Glycerol And Waste Frying Oil. Bioresource Technology [Online] 175. P. 480–485 Available from: https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/3ac0/1f9e63041c7e0ccb1e9bf01c4d8b0fe7ef91.pdf [Accessed: 8 December 2016]

[18]. K. Rajendran, S. Aslanzadeh & M.J. Taherzadeh (2012) Household Biogas Digesters—A Review. Energies, [Online] 5 P. 2911-2942. Available from: www.mdpi.com/1996-1073/5/8/2911 [accessed: 24 June 2017]

[19]. K.C. Anuj & S.D. Silvio (eds.) (2013) Sustainable Degradation of Lignocellulosic Biomass - Techniques, Applications and Commercialization. [Online] Croatia: InTech. Available from: http://library.umac.mo/ebooks/b28045191.pdf [accessed: 24 June 2017]

[20]. L. Katarzyna & L. Grażyna (2010) Polymer Biodegradation and Biodegradable Polymers – A Review. Polish J. of Environ. Stud. [Online] 19(2). P. 255-266 Available from:http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.474.2451&rep=rep1&type=pdf [Accessed: 11 October 2016]

[21]. L. Manfred, W. Marc, S. Markus, G. Andreas & H. Harald (2007). Modelling the Energy Balance of an Anaerobic Digester Fed with Cattle Manure and Renewable Energy Crops. Water Research [Online] 41. P. 4085–4096. Available from: http://ilbiogas.it/biogas-ricerche-e-studi/digestion-model-science-direct.pdf [Accessed: 11 October 2016]

[22]. L.F.R. Montgomery & G. Bochmann (2014) Pretreatment of Feedstock for Enhanced Biogas Production. [Online] Britain: IEA Bioenergy. Available from: https://www.nachhaltigwirtschaften.at/resources/iea_pdf/reports/iea_bioenergy_task37_study_pretreatment.pdf [Accessed: 10 March 2016].

[23]. O.S. Isikhuemhen, N.A. Mikiashvili, Z.N. Senwo & E.I. Ohimain (2014) Biodegradation and Sugar Release from Canola Plant Biomass by Selected White Rot Fungi. Advances in Biological Chemistry. [Online] 4(1). P. 395-406. Available from: https://file.scirp.org/pdf/ABC_2014102413303327.pdf [Accessed: 10 March 2016].

[24]. P. Tumutegyereize, F. I. Muranga, J. Kawongolo & F. Nabugoomu (2011) Optimization Of Biogas Production From Banana Peels: Effect Of Particle Size On Methane Yield. African Journal of Biotechnology. [Online] 10(79) P. 18243-18251. Available from: http://www.academicjournals.org/AJB [accessed: 24 October 2017]

[25]. Rozy, R.A. Dar, & U. G. Phutela (2017) Optimization of Biogas Production From Water Hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) Journal of Applied and Natural Science 9 (4): 2062 -2067.

[26]. S. Camarero, M.J. Martínez & A.T. Martínez (2013). Understanding Lignin Biodegradation For The Improved Utilization Of Plant Biomass In Modern Biorefineries. [Online] Society of Chemical Industry and John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Available from: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com [accessed: 24 June 2017]

[27]. S.O. Patrick, Z. Abdullahi & I.M. Bello (2013) Biodisel Development in Nigeria: Prospects and Challenges. International Journal of Modern Botany [Online] 3(1). P. 4 – 9. Available from: http://article.sapub.org/10.5923.j.ijmb.20130301.02.html [Accessed: 24 October 2017]

[28]. S.L. Summoogum-utchanah & D. Poorneema (2015). An Investigation on the Potential of Biogas Production from Elephant Grass and Guinea Grass, American International Journal of Research in Science, Technology, Engineering & Mathematics. 9(2): 194–197.