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IJSTR >> Volume 8 - Issue 4, April 2019 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

Coping Mechanisms of Local People to Mitigate Climate Change Impacts on Water Resources in Kailali District-Nepal

[Full Text]



Deepak Chaulagain, Parshu Ram Rimal



Climate Change, Coping Practices, Flood, Precipitation, Temperature, Water Discharge



The study was conducted in the Godawori Municipality of Karnali Province to document the coping practices of the local people on the climate change effects. Household surveys, key informant interviews and focus group discussions were used to document the people's perception on climate change impacts. Hydro-meteorological data on temperature, precipitation and water discharge in the river were received from the Department of Hydrology and Meteorology, which were further analyzed statistically. The mean annual temperature is increasing at a rate of 0.01910C/year and annual precipitation is increasing by 1.3513mm/year. However, the precipitation pattern is changing over the years with the notable increase of high precipitation, causing to increase the river water discharge and flood leading to the huge loss of properties including land, stored grains and lives of people. Lack of rainfall in the cropping season lead to excessive extraction of ground water for irrigation. The cost of ground water extraction is also high, which the small farmers can not afford and leave the land barren. The coping practices noted in region are constructing embankments; planted different plants like bamboo (Bambusa vulgaris), Sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum), Typha (Typha latifolia) etc.; storing grains in upper part of the house; extracting ground water for irrigation; changing crops (vegetables instead of paddy and wheat); changing the species of crops and increased use of fertilizers and pesticides.



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