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IJSTR >> Volume 5 - Issue 5, May 2016 Edition



International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616



Spread And Environmental Impact To Presence Of Sulawesi’s Endemic Butterfly Graphium Androcles Boisduval (Lepidoptera : Papilionidae) In Bantimurung-Bulusaraung National Park

[Full Text]

 

AUTHOR(S)

Harlina, Adi Basukriadi, Amran Achmad, Djunijanti Peggie

 

KEYWORDS

G. androcles, butterfly, endemic, environment, Sulawesi, temperature, humidity

 

ABSTRACT

Swallow Tail butterfly (Graphium androcles Boisduval) is the one of endemic butterfly from Bantimurung-Bulusaraung National Park, South Sulawesi. Currently, G. androcles very difficult to find in their natural habitat. The purpose of research is to study spread and environmental impact to presence of G. androcles. The research was conducted in April 2014 to March 2015 on two areas : Bantimurung and Pattunuang. Our observation was used Cruise Methods and data analysis with descriptive methods. The result was showed total number of butterfly about 57 individuals divided into: Bantimurung (12 individuals) and Pattunuang (45 individuals). Based on Pearson’s analysis, temperature (r = 0.716 p=0.009) and rainfall periods (r=0.676, p=0.016) has strong correlation with presence of G. androcles. On the other hand, no correlation with humidity (r=-0.888, p=0.786) and light intensity (r=0.172, p=0.593) in the presence of butterfly. We find more G. androcles in the beginning of dry season (end of Juni until November 2014) on the river area and open field. Commonly the activity of butterfly was started 11.00 until 14.00 am. The range of temperature, light intensity and humidity is 29 – 31oC, 45 -1.735 and 55 – 70%, respectively. Our conclusion is G. androcles activity as the behavioral response to adapted in their environment.

 

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