IJSTR

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Home About Us Scope Editorial Board Blog/Latest News Contact Us
0.2
2019CiteScore
 
10th percentile
Powered by  Scopus
Scopus coverage:
Nov 2018 to May 2020

CALL FOR PAPERS
AUTHORS
DOWNLOADS
CONTACT

IJSTR >> Volume 5 - Issue 5, May 2016 Edition



International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616



Factors Influencing Women's Career Progression To Leadership Positions In Harare City Council, Zimbabwe

[Full Text]

 

AUTHOR(S)

Anella Tendai Machiridza, Dr Ephantus Kihonge, Dr Pamela Awuor Ochieng

 

KEYWORDS

gender roles, domestic roles, Harare City Council, leadership positions, local government, women

 

ABSTRACT

This study examines the factors influencing women’s career progression to leadership positions in Harare City Council. The specific objective was to determine the influence of gender roles on women’s career progression to leadership positions in Harare City Council. The target population included management team and permanent staff in the Harare City Council. Data was collected using questionnaires as well as semi structured interviews. A sample size of 116 was determined by using 33% of the population. Data from interviews was analyzed by means of establishing recurring themes and providing narratives of key findings. The collected data from the questionnaires was analyzed using SPSS. The findings revealed that traditional gender roles made the balance between work and family difficult in such a way that some women would prioritize family responsibilities at the expense of focusing on their careers. Furthermore, it was revealed that gender roles affected the careers choices they make thus influencing the gender compositions in departments and divisions and consequently those in leadership positions. As a result of study findings the researcher recommends that civil society organizations implement gender deconstruction programs in societies such that women will not be confined to the traditionally expected roles. The researcher’s expectation is that it will lead to society accepting the concept of ‘stay-at home- dads’ thus encouraging the acceptance of women as serious career women. It is also recommended that family friendly policies should be put in place in order to minimize the pressure that women experience in trying to balance between work and family. These policies should enable employees especially women to work from home without being physically present at their workplace but monitoring mechanisms should be in place to ensure that work deadlines are met. Furthermore, women are encouraged to implement personal strategies that will help them minimize the pressure of trying to balance between work and family life.

 

REFERENCES

[1] Abubakari, A. A & Ayuune, A. .C. (2014). Assessment of Women Participation in Local Governance in the Kassena Nankana Municipality (KNM). Africa Development and Resources Research Institute Journal, 8, 8(2), 1-27.

[2] Do, Q.T.,Levchenko, A.& Raddatz, C. (2011) Engendering Trade. World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 5777. Washington

[3] Elborgh-Woytek, K., Newiak, M., Kochhar, K., Fabrizio, S., Kpodar, K., Wingender, P., Clements, B. & Schwartz, G. (2013). Women, Work, and the Economy: Macroeconomic Gains from Gender Equity.International Monetary Fund (IMF) Staff Discussion Note Retrieved from https://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/sdn/2013/sdn1310.pdf

[4] Ernest & Young. (2014). Women on Boards: Global Approaches to Advancing Diversity. Retrieved from www.ey.com/Publication/vwLUAssets/ey-women-on-boards-pov-july2014/$FILE/ey-women-on-boards-pov-july2014.pdf

[5] Federation of Canadian Municipalities (2009) Promoting Women’s Leadership in Local Government: Local Government Associations Help Women Meet the Challenge. Retrieved from http://www.fcm.ca/Documents/casestudies/International/Promoting_womens_leadership_in_local_government_Local_government_associations_help_women_meet_the_challenge_EN.pdf

[6] Hora, E. A. (2014). Factors that affect Women Participation in Leadership and Decision making Position. Asian Business Consortium| Asian Journal of Humanity, Art and Literature, 1(2), 97-118.

[7] International Labour Office (ILO), (2012). Global Employment Trends for Women. International Labour Office, Geneva, Switzerland.

[8] Inter Parliamentary Union (2014). Retrieved from http://www.ipu.org/pdf/publications/WIP2013-e.pdf

[9] Lahti, E. (2013). Women and Leadership: Factors that influence Women’s Career Success: Female Leader’s Reflections on their Career Success. University of Applied Sciences.

[10] Kothari, C.R. (c2014). Research Methodology: Methods and Techniques (2nd Revised ed.). New Delhi, India: New Age International

[11] Leedy, P. & Ormrod, J. (2005). Practical Research: Planning and Design. New Hampshire: Pearson Prentice Hall.

[12] Ndlovu, S. & Mutale, S. B. (2013). Emerging Trends in Women’s Participation in Politics in Africa. American Journal of Contemporary Research, 3 (11), 72-79.

[13] Patton, M. (1990). Qualitative Evaluation and Research Methods. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.

[14] Robson, C. (1993) Real World Research: A Resource for Social Scientists and Practitioner-Researchers. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishers

[15] Sahu, P. K. (2013). Research Methodology: A Guide for Research in Agricultural Science, Social Sciences and Other Related Fields. New Delhi,India: Springer. DOI 10.1007/978-81-322-1020-7

[16] Southern African Development Community (SADC) & Southern African Research and Documentation Centre (SARDC). (2013). SADC Gender Monitor 2013: Women in Politics and Decision-Making Positions. Gaborone/Harare: SADC & SARDC

[17] Warner, J. (2014). Fact Sheet : The Women’s Leadership Gap- Women Leadership by the Numbers: March 7 2014 Retrieved from www.americanprogress.org/issues/women/report/2014/03/07/85457/fact-sheet-the-womens-leadership-gap/

[18] Zimbabwe Country Analysis Working Document. (2014, October 3). Retrieved from http://www.zw.one.un.org/sites/default/files/Publications/UNZimbabwe/Country%20Analysis_FinalReview_3Oct2014.pdf