IJSTR

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Home About Us Scope Editorial Board Blog/Latest News Contact Us
0.2
2019CiteScore
 
10th percentile
Powered by  Scopus
Scopus coverage:
Nov 2018 to May 2020

CALL FOR PAPERS
AUTHORS
DOWNLOADS
CONTACT

IJSTR >> Volume 5 - Issue 5, May 2016 Edition



International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616



Diversity And Distribution Of Odonata In University Sumatera Utara, Medan, Indonesian

[Full Text]

 

AUTHOR(S)

Ameilia Zuliyanti Siregar, Darma Bakti

 

KEYWORDS

Diversity, distribution, Odonata, USU, Medan, Indonesian

 

ABSTRACT

A total of nine stations randomly selected study sites around the University Sumatera Utara area conducted during a month (16 January 2016 until 16 February 2016) for identified of Odonata. Odonata are insect which function as bioindicator and conservation of an environment status in the area. The sampled were collected using a sweep net (400 μm mesh, 60 cm x 90 cm) with six times the swing starts at 0900 until 1200 noon hour and identified in the laboratory. Consist of two sub-orders, 4 families, 24 genera, 32 species and 156 individuals identified dragonfly. Orthetrum sabina, Pantala flavescens and Agriocnemis femina are the kinds of dragonflies dominant, while two types of Vestalis/Arethystira amoena and Tholymis aurora is found only in the Station 3. As much as 54% relative abundance of family Coenagrionidae dominated, followed by Libellulidae (35%), Gomphidae (8%) and the smallest recorded from family Calopterygidae (35). The calculation of the value of the index is done, includes diversity Shannon, eveness and varied of Jaccard index (H'=2.48-3.79, E=0.70-0.85, CJ=0.45 to 1.00). Based on the conservation status, calculated the percentage of attendance dragonfly, divided into four groups of species that are rare (6.28%), there are species (54.24%), many species (24.78%) and very many species (14.70%). This study shows diversity and distribution of Odonata can used as potential as predators and conservation status of ecosystem University of Sumatera Utara areas.

 

REFERENCES

[1] Anna, K.S. and Bradley, R.A. 2007. Influence of predator presence and prey density on behaviour and growth of damselfly larvae (Ishnura elegans) (Odonata: Zygoptera). Journal of insect Behaviour 11 (6): 793-809.

[2] Asahnia, S. 1979. An illustrated key to the dragonflies found in the padddy field of Thailand. IABCR-NEWS 4: 3-10.

[3] Askew, R.R. 1988. The Dragonflies of Europe. Harley Books, Colchester, England. 291pp.

[4] Aswari, Pudji. 2012. Capung Peluncur (Orthtrum sabina dan Pantala flavesecens) (Odonata: Anisoptera, Libelulidae). Warta Konservasi Lahan Basah 20 (4):14-15.

[5] Baehaki. 1992. Berbagai Hama Serangga Tanaman Padi. Angkasa, Bandung.1-44pp.

[6] Benazzouz, B., Mouna, M., Amezian, M., Bensusan, K., Perez, C. and Cortes, J. 2009.Assessment and conservation of the dragonflies and damselflies (Insecta: Odonata) at the marshes of Smir. Bulletin de I’Institut Scientifique, Rabat, section Sciences de la Vie 31 (2): 79-84.

[7] Benke, AC, Crowley, P.H. and Johnson, D.M. 1982. Interactions among coexisting larval Odonata: an in situ experiment using small enclosures. Hydrobiol. 94:121-130.

[8] Blois, C. 1985.The larval diet of three Anisopteran (Odonata) species. Freshwat Biol. 15: 505-514.

[9] Che Salmah, M.R. 1996. Some Aspect of Biology and Ecology of Neurothemis tullia (Drury) (Odonata: Libellulidae) in Laboratory and Rainfed Rice Field in Peninsular Malaysia. Ph.D thesis, Universiti Pertanian Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor.

[10] Che Salmah, M.R., Abu Hassan, A. and Mohd. Hadzri, A. 2005. Aquatic insects of Gunung Stong Forest Reserve. In Shahabuddin, M.I., Dahlan, T., Abdullah Sani, S., Jalil, M.S., Faridah Hanum, I., and latiff, A. (eds.). Siri Kepelbagaian Biologi Hutan Taman Negeri Gunung Stong, Kelantan: Pengurusan, Persekitaran Fizikal, Biologi, dan Sosio-Ekonomi. Intiprint Sdn.Bhd. Kuala Lumpur. 132pp.

[11] Che Salmah, Md. Rawi, Surya Wardhani Tribuana, and Abu Hassan A. 2006. The population of Odonata (dragonflies) in small tropical rivers with reference to asynchronous growth patterns. Aquatic Insects 28(3): 132pp.

[12] Chowdhury, S.H. and Rahman, E. 1984. Food preference and rate of feeding in some dragonfly larvae (Anisoptera Odonata) Ann. Ent. 2:(1):1-6.

[13] Corbet, P.S. 1980. A Biology of Odonata. Ann Rev Entomol 25: 187-217.

[14] Cynthia, T. Gorham and Darell, S. Vidopich. 1992. Effects of acidic pH on predation rates and survivorship of damselfly nymphs. Hydrobiologia 242: 51-62.

[15] Dingemanse, N and Kalkman, V. 2008. Changing temperature regimes have advanced the phenology of Odonata in the Netherlands. Ecological Entomology: 1-9

[16] Folsom, T.C. and Collins, C. 1984. The diet and foraging behaviour of the larval dragonfly Anax junius (Aeshenidae) with assessment of the role of refuges and prey activity. Oikos 42: 105-113.

[17] Fraser, F.C. 1933. The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. Odonata Vol I . Taylor and Francis, London. 398p.

[18] Fraser, F.C. 1934. The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. Odonata Vol II . Taylor and Francis, London. 398p.

[19] Fraser, F.C. 1936. The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. Odonata Vol III . Taylor and Francis, London. 398p.

[20] Jacquemin, G. And Boudot, J.P. 1999. Les Libellules (Odonates) du Maroc. Societe Francaise d’Odonatologie, Bois d’Arcy, 150p.

[21] Kandibane, M, Raguraman, S. and Ganapathy, N. 2005. Relative abundance and diversity of Odonata in an irrigated rice field of Madurai, Tamil Nadu. Zoo’s Print Journal 20 (11): 2051-2052.

[22] Krishnasamy N, Chautian O.P. and Das, R.K. 1984. Some common predators of rice insects pests in Assam, India. Int. Rice Res, Newsl. 9(2): 15-16.

[23] Lawton, J.R. 1983. Plant architecture and the diversity of phytophagous insect. Annual Review of Entomology 28: 23-39.

[24] Lieftinck, M,A., J.C. Lien, and T.C. Maa. 1984. Catalogue of Taiwanese Dragonflies (Insecta: Odonata). Asian Ecological Society, Taichung, Taiwan. 81pp.

[25] Magguran, A.E. 1988. Ecological Diversity and it’sMeasurement. New Jersey, Princeton university Pr. Princeton.

[26] Merrit, R.W. and Cummins, K.W. 2004. An Introduction to the Aquatic Insects of North America. Dubuque, Iowa: Kendall/Hunt Publ.

[27] Orr, A.G. 2004. Dragonflies of Borneo. Natural History Publications (Borneo), Malaysia. Pp.1-125

[28] Orr, A.G. 2005. Dragonflies of Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore. Natural History Publications (Borneo), Malaysia.1-125.

[29] Shanti Susanti. 1998. Mengenal Capung. Puslitbang Biologi-LIPI, Jakarta. Pp.1-81.

[30] Sharma, G. and Joshi, P.C. 2007. Diversity of Odonata (Insecta) from Dholbaha Dam (Distt.Hoshiarpur) in Punjab Shivalik, India. J.Asia Pacific Entomol 10 (2): 177-180.

[31] Sharma, G., R. Sundaraj, and L.R. Karibasvaraja. 2007. Species Diversity of Odonata in the Selected Provenances of sandal in southern india. Zoo’s Print Journal 22 (7): 2765-2767.

[32] Shelton. M.D. and C.R. Edward. 1983. Effect of weeds on the diversity and abundance of insects in soybeans. Environmental Entomology 1: 296-299.

[33] Siregar, A.Z. Che Salmah Md.Rawi and A. Hassan Ahmad. 2004. Komunitas Odonata (Serangga: Capung) di Perairan Sungai Tropis, Malaysia. J. Wetland Science 2 (1) : 1-8.

[34] Siregar, A. Z., Che Salmah Md. Rawi, and Zulkifli Nasution. 2008. List of Odonata in Upland Rice Field at Manik Rambung, Siantar, North of Sumatera. Jurnal Kultivar 1(2): 89-93.

[35] Siregar, A. Z., Che Salmah Md. Rawi, and Zulkifli Nasution. 2009. A Survey of Odonata in Upland Rice Field at Manik Rambung, Siantar, North of Sumatera. Jurnal Kultivar 1 (3): 21-30.

[36] Strong, D.R. Lawton, J.H., Southwood, R. 1984. Insects on Plants. Boston: harvad University Press.

[37] Tiple, W., R. Sundaraj and L.R. Karibasvaraja 2012. Diversity of Odonata in Madhya Pradesh, Central India. Zoo’s Print Journal 28 (1): 3854-3856.

[38] Tribuana Surya Wardhani 2007. Perbandingan Populasi Larva Odonata di Beberapa Sungai di Pulau Pinang dan Hubungannya Dengan Pengaruh Habitat dan Kualiti Air. Master Thesis Universiti Sains Malaysia. 168p.

[39] Wanatabe, M. and Higashi, T. 1989. Sexual difference of lifetime movement in adults of the Japanese skimmer: Orthetrum japonicum (Odonata:Libellulidae) in a forest paddy field complex. Ecol. Res. 4:85-97.

[40] Watanabe, H., Ishihara, S., Ueji,M. Tanaka, H., Vu, H.S. 2004. Monitoring Pesticide Fate and Transport in Surface Water in Japanese Paddy Fields Wtershed. In Proceedings of the Conference on challenges and oppurtunities for sustainable rice bases production system. Torino, Italy: September 13-15.509-521 pp.