International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Home About Us Scope Editorial Board Blog/Latest News Contact Us
10th percentile
Powered by  Scopus
Scopus coverage:
Nov 2018 to May 2020


IJSTR >> Volume 9 - Issue 6, June 2020 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

Dynamics of Sustainable Building Façades and Aesthetic Perception of Fenestrations in University Administrative Building

[Full Text]



Obaleye J. Oludare, Ezema .I .C and A. B. Adeboye



Aesthetics, Administrative Building, Building Facades, Fenestration, Sustainability, University, Windows



Building facades are very important contributors to the comfort parameters and attractiveness of any building. Fenestrations as key elements of the building façade are essential in achieving the dual role of comfort and attractiveness. This study seeks to discuss sustainable façade design methods and identify aesthetic perception of façade fenestrations by users of university administrative buildings in southwest Nigeria with the view of improving occupants comfort and building attractiveness. In achieving this, the literature discussed the design strategies, characteristics and properties of sustainable facades, while the quantitative study focused on aesthetic perception of fenestrations was carried out using a self-administered questionnaire survey. Ten still photographs of selected university administrative building facades in southwest Nigeria were attached to elicit response from 577 respondents, in a stratified random sampling. Results were analysed using frequencies, mean ranking and factor analysis. For an efficient sustainable façade, the qualitative study established climate-specific design strategy. The quantitative study identified fenestration with a high mean score as the fifth important aesthetic element out of 14 others. Fenestration perception revealed that façade with uniformly symmetrical distribution; vertical orientation and approximately about 40% window-to-wall ratio (WWR) coverage was most preferred by respondents in the study area. The findings contributed to the environmental sustainability of the building facade by ensuring occupants comfort and creating an attractive built environment.



[1] Menzel, L. (2012). Facades: design, construction & technology (Braun)
[2] Aksamija, A. (2015). High-performance building envelopes: design methods for energy-efficient facades. In Proceedings of the Building Enclosure Science and Technology (BEST) 4 Conference (Vol. 12, p. 15). Kansas City, MO: National Institute of Buildings Sciences.
[3] Sachs, J. D. (2015). Achieving the sustainable development goals. Journal of International Business Ethics, 8(2), 53.
[4] University of Ibadan (2018). The senate secretariat. Retrieved 17th May 2019 from https://ui.edu.ng/content/senate-secretariat
[5] Pearce, A. R., & Vanegas, J. A. (2002). Defining sustainability for built environment systems: an operational framework. International Journal of Environmental Technology and Management 2(1-3) 94-113.
[6] Nejadriahi, H. (2017). Role of facade in sustainability enhancement of contemporary iranian buildings. International Journal of Architectural and Environmental Engineering 11(6) 729-733.
[7] Aman, J. (2017). Impact of windows for daylighting on thermal comfort in architecture design studios in Dhaka.
[8] Alibaba, H. (2016). Determination of optimum window to external wall ratio for offices in a hot and humid climate. Sustainability. 8(2) 187.
[9] Ghomeshi, M., & Jusan, M. M. (2013). Investigating different aesthetic preferences between architects and non-architects in residential façade designs. Indoor and built environment 22(6) 952-964.
[10] Mura, M., & Troffa, R. (2006 ). Aesthetic, perception and preference for historical and modern buildings. Cognitive Processing. 7 66-67.
[11] Nikolov, A. (2017). Design principle: Aesthetics The power of beauty in design Retrieved 5th May, 2019 from https://uxdesign.cc/design-principle-aesthetics-af926f8f8
[12] Strati, A. (2015). Aesthetics and design. The routledge companion to philosophy in organization studies, hugh willmott and michelle greenwood, routledge handbooks online
[13] Mahdjoubi, L., & Wiltshire, J. (2001) Towards a framework for evaluation of computer visual simulations in environmental design. Design Studies 22(2) 193-209.
[14] Sholanke, A. B. (2019). Compliance of Academic Buildings with Universal Design Parameters in Selected Universities in Ogun State, Nigeria (Doctoral dissertation, Covenant University, Ota, Nigeria)
[15] Architeacher (2002). l. H. agency, producer, & the center for the study of art and architecture. Retrieved 2017, January from architeacher.org: http://www.architeacher.org/aesthetics/archi-main.html
[16] Casakin, H., & Mastandrea, S. (2009) Aesthetic emotions and the evaluation of architectural design styles. Int. conf. on engineering and product design education. University of Brighton. U.K.