International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Home About Us Scope Editorial Board Blog/Latest News Contact Us
10th percentile
Powered by  Scopus
Scopus coverage:
Nov 2018 to May 2020


IJSTR >> Volume 7 - Issue 8, August 2018 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

Photocatalytic Degradation Of Procion Red Synthetic Dye Using ZnO-Zeolite Composites

[Full Text]



Abdis Salam, Tuty Emilia Agustina, Risfidian Mohadi



photocatalytic, degradation, ZnO-zeolite, composites, procion red.



Textile industry consumes the most amounts of dye lots in the production process which have a non-biodegradable in nature. It is necessary to do the dye wastewater treatment before discharging to the environment. Photodegradation is a process of decomposition of organic compounds with the aid of photon energy, in which oxidation and reduction reactions occur on the surface of the semiconductor. One of the good semiconductors used is ZnO. Furthermore, adding a matrix or dopants is expected to assist ZnO photocatalysts so that dye degradation is more optimal. Zeolite is a good solid support for dispersing ZnO semiconductors because zeolite has large surface area and uniformity of pore size. Procion Red was used as a model of synthetic dye wastewater. The objectives of the study are to synthesize ZnO-zeolite composites by impregnation method and to study the effects of irradiation time (30-120 minutes), type of composites used, and light conditions (dark room, UV light, and sunlight) on Procion Red degradation. ZnO-zeolite composites are made by weight ratio (1:2), (1:1) and (2:1). ZnO-zeolite composites that have been synthesized were characterized by using SEM-EDX. The degradation of procion red dye produced was characterized by using UV-Vis Spectrophotometer. The results showed that Procion Red degradation by using sunlight exposure was greater than UV lamp and dark room for Procion Red concentration of 150 mg/L. From the three ZnO-zeolite composites synthesized, the composite (2:1) showed the best degradation percentage of 83.96% for 120 minutes under sunlight irradiation.



[1] Ardiansah, B. 2010. Fotokatalisis Zink Oksida (ZnO) yang Diimobilisasi Film untuk Degradasi Senyawa Azo. Pertamina National Science Olympiad 2011. Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences. Depok: University of Indonesia

[2] Agustina, T. E. et al,. 2016. Pengaruh Konsentrasi TiO2 dan Konsentrasi Limbah pada Proses Pengolahan Limbah Pewarna Sintetik Procion Red dengan Metode UV/Fenton/TiO2. Journal of Chemical Engineering Sriwijaya University, Vol. 22 No 1. ISSN: 0853-0963

[3] Republic of Indonesia, Minister of Environment Regulation No. 5 Year 2014 on Wastewater Quality Standard, Attachment XLII (Wastewater Quality Standard for Business and/or Textile Industry Activities), State Gazette of The Republic Of Indonesia Year 2014, No.1815

[4] Agustina, T. E., Bakri, M.A., and Sufra, R. 2013. Pengolahan Air Limbah Kain Jumputan dengan Menggunakan Reagen Fenton. National Seminar Proceeding of 5th AVoER. ISBN: 979-587-496-9 page: 51

[5] Agustina, T. E. et al,. 2011. Pengolahan Air Limbah Pewarna Sintetis Dengan Menggunakan Reagen Fenton. In: Prosiding Seminar Nasional AVoER ke-3. Faculty of Engineering, Sriwijaya University, Palembang, ISBN 979-587-395-4, pp. 260-266

[6] Dhamayanti, Y., Wijaya, K., and Tahir, I. 2005. Fotodegradasi Zat Warna Methyl Orange Menggunakan Fe2O3-Montmorillonit dan Sinar Ultraviolet. National Seminar Proceeding of 50th Dies. Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Gadjah Mada University, pp: 22-29

[7] Perdana, N. D., et al,. 2014. Pengaruh Penambahan Hidrogen Peroksida (H2O2) terhadap Degradasi Methylene Blue dengan Menggunakan Fotokatalis Zno-Zeolit. Kimia. Student Journal, Vol. 2, No. 2, Pp. 576 - 582. Malang: Brawijaya University

[8] Syukri, D., Aziz, H., and Alif, A. 2008. Seng Oksida (ZnO) sebagai Fotokatalis pada Proses Degradasi Senyawa Biru Metilen. Journal Ris. Kimia, 1 (2) : 179-186 DOI:10.25077/jrk.v1i2.72

[9] Hutabarat, R. 2012. Sintesis dan Karakteristik Fotokatalis Fe2+-ZnO Berbasis Zeolit Alam. Thesis. Faculty of Engineering, Metallurgy and Materials Engineering Program. Depok: University of Indonesia

[10] Kansal, S.K., Singh, M., & Sud, D. 2006. Studies on Phtodegradation of Two Commercial Dyes in Aqueous Phase Using Different Photocatalysts. Elsevier. Journal of Hazardous Materials Volume 141, Issue 3, 22 March 2007, Pages 581-590

[11] Dini, E.W.P and Wardhani, S. 2014. Degradasi Metilen Biru Menggunakan Fotokatalis ZnO-Zeolit. Journal Chemistry Progress. Vol. 7, No.1. Mei 2014 ISSN: 1979-5920 pp:29-33

[12] Hartini, E. 2011. Modifikasi Zeolit Alam dengan ZnO untuk Degradasi Fotokatalisis Zat Warna. Thesis. Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences. Depok: University of Indonesia

[13] Amri, S. and Utomo, M.P. 2017. Preparation And Characterization Of Zno-Zeolit Composite For Photodegradation Of Congo Red. Journal of Basic Chemistry Vol. 6 No. 2. Yogyakarta State University. pp: 29-36

[14] Fraditasari, R., et al,. 2015. Degradasi Methyl Orange Menggunakan Fotokatalis TiO2-N : Kajian Pengaruh Sinar dan Konsentrasi TiO2-N. Kimia.Student Journal, Vol. 1 No. 1, pp 606-612. Malang: Brawijaya University

[15] Ruliza, M.O., Agustina, T.E., & Mohadi, R. 2017. Impregnation of Activated Carbon-TiO2 Composite and Its Application in Photodegradation of Procion Red Synthetic Dye in a Aqueous Medium. IOP Conference Proceeding Series: Earth and Environmental Science 105 (2017) 012024. 2nd international Tropical Renewable Energy Conference (i-TREC) 2017

[16] Sari, M. I., Agustina, T. E., Melwita, E. and Aprianti, T. 2017. Color and COD degradation in photocatalytic process of procion red by using TiO2 catalyst under solar irradiation. AIP Conf. Proc, 1903, 040017-1040017

[17] Hermawan, P. and Budianto, A. 2007. Fotodegradasi Zat Pewarna Methylene Blue Menggunakan Fotokatalis ZnO. Publikasi Berkala Penelitian Teknologi Kulit, Sepatu dan Produk Kulit. Akademi Teknologi Kulit Yogyakarta. ISSN: 1411-7703, pp: 41-54