International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Home About Us Scope Editorial Board Blog/Latest News Contact Us
10th percentile
Powered by  Scopus
Scopus coverage:
Nov 2018 to May 2020


IJSTR >> Volume 1 - Issue 8, September 2012 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

Water Shortage And Health Problems In Benue State-Nigeria: Impacts And Prospects For Solutions

[Full Text]



Utsev, J. T. , Aho, M. I.



Keywords: Water shortage, Health, Crisis, Benue State, Contamination.



Abstract - In view of the importance of water to the existence of human life, this research attempts to identify the various sources of water, their quality, and the resulting effects when in short supply within the Tse-Agberagba , Akpagher and Ibbilaalukpo communities of Benue state. In this study, questionnaires were administered, field survey which involves direct observation of the existing water sources and oral interview were conducted. The field survey and oral interviews revealed the available sources of water in the areas which include; Stream, Borehole, Rain, and Well. The questionnaires explored the various uses of water as well as the effects of water shortage within the communities. Also, water samples from the various sources were analysed for; Colour, pH, Temperature, Turbidity, Alkalinity, Total Hardness, Total Iron, Chloride concentration, Sulphate, Total Suspended Solids, E-Coli, and Total Coliform. It is discovered that, there is short in water supply to meet the water demand of the people; hence, high prevalence of water shortage and associated health and other problems. About 95% of the settlements have no water supply facilities to compliment natural water supply sources like streams and rainwater. The result of the analysis indicated that almost all the streams and well water in the three communities were not safe for drinking as a result of high E-coli and coliform count, thus causing pathogenic diseases. Borehole and rainwater sources which are short in supply within the communities were discovered to be the best if properly collected and stored.



[1] Aho, M.I. and Utsev, J.T. (2009). “Well Water Analysis in Yelwa and Gwalameji Suburb of Bauchi Metropolis, Bauchi State –Nigeria”. Nigerian Journal of Industrial and Systems Studies, Vol. 8, No. 3, pp 1- 6.

[2] Agarwal, A. (1981) “Water, Sanitation, Health for all? Prospect for international Drinking water supply and sanitation Decade, 1981 – 90. London, Earthscan publication, Internatinal institute for Environment and Development.

[3] Ademola, S. J. (1990) “Integrated water management the Nigerian Experience edited by Mintchell.

[4] Hines, D. (2001), The Power of Water. American Fitness, Volume 19, pp. 23-25.

[5] Negoianu, D. and Goldfaid, S. (2008), “Just Add Water”. J. American Society of Nephrology, Volume 19, Number 6, pp. 1041-1043.

[6] WHO & UNICEF. (2010). Water and sanitation update 2010. 20 Avenue Appia, 1211 Geneva 27, Switzerland.

[7] Dada, A.C. (2009). Sachet water phenomenon in Nigeria: Assessment of the potential health impacts, African Design Report, pp 15-17.

[8] Anyadike, R.N.C. (2009). Statistical Methods for Social and Environmental Sciences. Ibadan: Spectrum Books.

[9] Ayoade, J.O. & Oyebande, L. (1978). Water resources. In J.S. Oguntoyinbo (ed): A geography of Nigeria council wards of Gwer LGA. Unpublished B.Sc. Project, Department of Geography, Benue State University.

[10] UNICEF. (2009). The one million water and sanitation (WASH) intiative-baseline survey report on Zimbabwe.

[11] Ifan, A.B. (2002). The problem of water supply in Mbatiav district in Gboko LGA of Benue State, Nigeria. Journal of Microbiology Research Vol.3 (1) pp. 15 - 21.

[12] APHA, AWWA, WPCF (1998). Standard Method for the Examination of Water and Wastewater, 20th ed., Washington, D.C.

[13] World Health Organization (1993): Guidelines for Drinking Water Quality, Geneva.

[14] Utsev, J.T. and Agunwamba, J.C. (2012). “The Effects of Aspect Ratio on Solar Enhanced Waste Stabilization Ponds”. Journal of Science and Technology (KNUST), Vol. 32, No. 1, pp 68-81.