International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Home About Us Scope Editorial Board Blog/Latest News Contact Us
10th percentile
Powered by  Scopus
Scopus coverage:
Nov 2018 to May 2020


IJSTR >> Volume 6 - Issue 12, December 2017 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

Supervision And Monitoring Of English Language Curriculum: The Case Of Selected School In Cape Coast Metropolis Of Ghana

[Full Text]



Dr. Mustapha Bin Danquah





The main purpose of the present study is to ascertain the relevance of English language curriculum supervision in senior high schools and it practices in selected schools Cape Coast Metropolis. The study adopted descriptive survey and quantitative paradigm. The accessible population comprises all the heads and their assistants, all English teachers and the English department heads of the ten senior high schools selected for the study. Using multistage sampling technique, schools and participants were selected for the study. Stratified sampling technique was employed in selecting the ten schools for the study while purposive sampling technique was used in selecting participants for the study. Sample size for curriculum leaders was 30 comprising headmasters, assistant headmasters/mistresses and heads of English department. English teachers selected via purposive sampling technique for the study were 70 from the selected schools. Findings of the study revealed that purposes of curriculum supervision are monitoring performance, resolution of thorny issues pertaining to curriculum planning and dissemination of relevant information between the supervisor and supervisees. The study also showed that supervisors should involve teachers in curriculum planning and conduct regular but frequent observation so as to fulfill the focus of curriculum supervision. In view of the findings of this study which emphasizes professional development of teachers through constructive criticism and active involvement during curriculum supervision, it is recommended that supervisors willingly involve teachers in the planning of curriculum supervision and see to it that there is mutual understanding and agreement of his or her procedure to curriculum supervision. It is also recommended that English teachers should see curriculum leaders as partners in progress who is keenly interested in their professional development and improvement in students’ performance.



[1]. Ary, D., Jacobs, L. C., Razavieh, A., & Sorensen, C. (2006). Introduction to research in education (7th ed.). Canada: Thomson Wandsworth Publishers.

[2]. Ayse Bas, C. (2002). School-based supervision at private Turkish school: A model for improving teacher evaluation. Leadership and Policy in Schools, 1 (2), 172-190.

[3]. Baffour-Awuah, P. (2011). Supervision of instruction in public primary schools in Ghana: Teachers’ and Headteachers’ perspectives. Unpublished dissertation submitted to the school of education, Murdoch University.

[4]. Barro, R. (World Bank, 2006). Education and development: Quality counts. Retrieved from: http:/www.worldbank.org/education/pdf/Education

[5]. Bays, D. A. (2001). Supervision of special education instruction in rural public school districts: A grounded theory. Doctoral Dissertation. Faculty of the Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University.

[6]. Beach, D. B. & Reinhartz, J. (1989). Supervision: Focus on supervision. New York: Harper and Row.

[7]. Blasé, J. & Blasé, J. (1999). Principals‟ instructional leadership and teacher development: Teachers‟ perspectives. Educational Administration Quarterly, 35, 349- 378.

[8]. Brennen, A. M. (2008). Clinical supervision and case study. Articles and Resources on Educational Administration and Supervision. Retrieved from http:/www.soencouragement.org/clinical-supervision-case-study.htm.

[9]. Brophy, J. E. (1988). Educating teachers about managing classrooms and students. Teaching and Teacher Education, 4, 1-3.

[10]. Burke, P. J. & Krey, R. D. (2005). Supervision: A guide to instructional leadership (2nd ed.). Springfield, Illinois, USA: Charles Thomas Publishers Ltd.

[11]. Carron, G. & De Grauwe, A. (1997). Current issues in supervision: A literature review. Paris:217 IEEP/UNESCO.

[12]. Cogan, M. (1973). Clinical supervision. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. Cohen, L., Manion, L., & Morrison, K. (2000). Research methods in education (5th ed.). New York, USA: Routledge Falmer.

[13]. Creswell, J. W. (2003). Research design: Qualitative, Quantitative and mixed methods approaches (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, Inc.

[14]. De Grauwe, A. (2007). Supervision in four African countries: Challenges and reforms Vol. I. Paris: IIEP/UNESCO.

[15]. DePoy, E. & Gitlin, L. N. (1998). Introduction to research: Understanding and applying multiple strategies (2nd ed.). Philadelphia, USA: Mosby Inc.

[16]. DuFour, R. (May, 2004). Schools as learning communities. Educational Leadership, 61(8), 6-11.

[17]. Elliot, J. (2005). Using narrative in social research: Qualitative and quantitative approaches. London: Sage Publications, Inc.

[18]. Ghana News Agency (August 20th, 2008). GES upgrades Inspectorate Division for efficiency. Retrieved from http:/news.myjoyonline.com/education /200808/ 19588.asp.

[19]. Glanz, J., Shulman, V., & Sullivan, S. (2006, April). Usurpation or Abdication of Instructional Supervision in the New York City Public schools? Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the American Educational Research Association (AERA). San Francisco, CA.

[20]. Glanz, J., Shulman, V., & Sullivan, S. (2007, April). Impact of instructional supervision on student achievement: Can we make a connection? Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the American Educational Research Association. Chicago, CA.

[21]. Glanz, J. & Behar-Horenstein, L. (2000). Paradigm debates in curriculum and supervision: Modern and postmodern perspectives. New York: Bergin & Garvey.

[22]. Glatthorn, A. A. (1998). Part VIII: Theories of supervision: Introduction. In Firth, G. R. & Pajak, E. F. (Eds.). Handbook of research on school supervision, (pp. 1029-1031). New York, NY: Simon & Schuster Macmillan.

[23]. Glickman, C. D. (1990). Supervision of instruction: A developmental approach (2nd ed.). Boston: Allan and Bacon.

[24]. Glickman, C. D., Gordon, S. P., & Ross-Gordon, J. M. (1998). Supervision of instruction: A developmental approach (4th ed.). Boston: Allyn and Bacon.

[25]. Glickman, C. D., Gordon, S. P., & Ross-Gordon, J. M. (2004). SuperVision and instructional leadership: A developmental approach (6th ed.). New York: Pearson Education Inc.

[26]. Goldhammer, R. (1969). Clinical supervision. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston. Hawk, K. & Hill, J. (2003, June). Coaching teachers: Effective professional development but difficult to achieve. In Auckland: Paper presented for AARE/NZARE conference.

[27]. Holland, P. E. (2004). Principals as supervisors: A balancing act. NASSP Bulletin, 88 (3), 1-14.

[28]. Hoy, W. K. & Forsyth, P. D. (1986). Effective supervision: Theory into practice. New York: Random House.

[29]. IIEP/UNESCO (2007). Reforming school supervision for quality improvement: Roles and functions of supervisors. (Module 2). Paris: UNESCO.

[30]. IIEP/UNESCO (2007). Reforming school supervision for quality improvement: Reinforcing school-site supervision (Module 6). Paris: UNESCO.

[31]. Ingersoll, R. M. (1997). Teacher turnover and teacher quality: The recurring myth of teacher shortages. Teachers Colleges Record, 99(1), 41-44.

[32]. Johnson, R. B. & Onwuegbuzie, A. J. (2004). Mixed methods research: A research paradigm whose time has come. Educational Researcher, 33(7), 14-26.

[33]. Kruskamp, W. H. (2003). Instructional supervision and the role of high school department chairs. Doctoral thesis, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia, US.

[34]. Leddick, G. R. (1994). Models of clinical supervision. ERIC Digest; Eric Clearinghouse on Counselling and Student Services Greensboro, NC. Lockheed, A. M. & Verspoor, M. E. (1991). Improving primary education in developing countries. Washington DC: World Bank, Oxford University Press.

[35]. Mankoe, J. O. (2006). Policy analysis in education. Kumasi, Ghana: Payless Publication Ltd.

[36]. McQuarrie, F. O. & Wood, F. H. (1991). Supervision, staff development, and evaluation connections. Theory into Practice, 30(2), 91-96.

[37]. Miller, R. & Miller, K. (1987). Clinical supervision: History, practice perspective.

[38]. NASSP Bulletin, 71 (18), 18-22.

[39]. Minichiello, V., Aroni, R., Timewell, E., and Alexander, L. (1995). In-depth interviewing: Principles, techniques, analysis (2nd ed.). Sydney: Pearson Australia Pty. Ltd.

[40]. Musaazi, J. C. S. (1982). The theory and practice of educational administration. London and Basingstoke: Macmillan Publishers.

[41]. Neagley, R. L. & Evans, N. D. (1980). Handbook for effective supervision of instruction (3rd ed.). Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall Inc.

[42]. Oduro, G. (2008, September). Increased enrolment does not mean quality education [Electronic version]. Ghana News Agency. Retrieved from http:news.myjoyonline.com/education/200809/20151.asp.

[43]. Oghuvbu, E. P. (2001). Determinants of effective and ineffective supervision in schools: Teacher perspectives. Abraka, Nigeria: Delta State University.

[44]. Oliva, P. F. & Pawlas, (1997). Supervision for today’s schools. (5th ed.). New York: Longman.

[45]. Opare, J. A. (1999). Academic Achievement in Private and Public Schools: Management makes the difference. Journal of Educational Management, 2, 1-12.

[46]. Pansiri, N.O. (2008). Instructional leadership for quality learning: An assessment of the impact of the primary school management development project in Botswana. Educational Management, Administration and Leadership, 36 (4), 471-494.

[47]. Patton, M. Q. (1990). Qualitative evaluation and research methods (2nd ed.). Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
[48]. Porter, S. (2013). The confession interview: ethical, legal, and psychological for the IFA. http://www.acfe.com/uploadedFiles/ACFEWebsite /Content/ canadian/2013/presentations/5B-Scott-Porter-cpp.pdf. Retrieved January 5, 2017.

[49]. Rea, L. M. & Parker, R. A. (2005). Designing and conducting survey research: A comprehensive guide (3rd ed.). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
[50]. Rous, B. (2004). Perspectives of teachers about instructional supervision and behaviour that influence pre-school instruction. Journal of Early Intervention, 26 (4), 266-283.

[51]. Sergiovanni, T. J. & Starratt, R. (1993). Supervision: A redefinition. New York: McGraw-Hill.

[52]. Sergiovanni, T. J. & Starratt, R. (2002). Supervision: A redefinition (7th ed.). New York: MacGraw-Hill.

[53]. Sergiovanni, T. J. (2009). The principalship: A reflective practice perspective. Boston: Pearson Educational Inc.

[54]. Sullivan, S. & Glanz, J. (2000). Supervision that improves teaching: Strategies and techniques. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press Inc.

[55]. Todaro, M. P. (1992). Economics for a developing world: An introduction to principles, problems and policies for development (2nd ed.). Burnt Mill, UK: Longman Group Ltd.

[56]. Tyagi, R. S. (2009). School-based instructional supervision and the effective professional development of teachers. Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education, 99999: 1, 1-15.