International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Home About Us Scope Editorial Board Blog/Latest News Contact Us
10th percentile
Powered by  Scopus
Scopus coverage:
Nov 2018 to May 2020


IJSTR >> Volume 9 - Issue 12, December 2020 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

Validation Test And Analysis For Resistibility Of Firewall Materials To Protect Small LPG Storage Tanks

[Full Text]



Gyoutae Park, T. G. Yoon, Kwangseok Kim, Kyungsik Kim, Jaehun Lee



Firewall materials, resistibility, fire test and validation, a small LPG storage tank, a jet nozzle.



This paper is descried that validating reliability for the materials of five firewalls is practiced to protect leakage and explosion of a small LPG tank installed at an adjacent building when a fire broke out in the near surroundings. It is tested for fire resistibility to select the best fire-proof wall material after five materials used for making firewalls are defined. The firewall’s materials are a 10mm-thick wooden panel, a wooden panel coated fireproof paint, a 75mm-thick polystyrene panel, a 75mm-thick sandwich panel filled glass fibers, and a 75mm-thick autoclave lightweight concrete(ALC) panel. To reappear a fire situation, first, the frame of LPG jet burners and their fittings are manufactured. After burners are ignited, numerous flames heated to a fire proof wall and a small LPG storage tank installed behind a firewall. The frame of jet burners is manufactured by 1m×1m iron materials with a matrix of 100 nozzles able to burn 120~140g/s LPG. It is measured that temperatures of double-faced panels, temperature of the front surfaces of a tank, and heat fluxes of surroundings of a tank. The resistibility against fire is analyzed in structure safety of fireproof walls after fire test. As the results, the fire-proof resistibility of the GWS and ALC panel are structurally safe and their temperature is less risen than others. In conclusion, it is verified that ALC panel is the best effective material of a firewall for protecting and preventing explosion of a small LPG tank when a fire is occurred. It is estimated that this study and validation test are a key point for inducing the performance test standard for a firewall material of a small LPG storage tank.



[1] Korea Gas Safety Corporation, “Facility, Technical, and Inspection Code for Facilities and Using for LP Gas in Small Storage Tanks”, KGS FU432, 2020.
[2] S.K. Roh, T.H. Kim, Y.G. Ham, “A Study on Damage Effect from Boiling Liquid Expanding Vapor Explosion(BLEVE) of LPG Charging Facility,” Journal of the Korea Institute for Gas, vol. 3, pp. 45-50, 1999.
[3] S.L. Lee, Y.S. Lee, “A Study on the Probability of BLEVE of Above-ground LP Gas Storage Tanks Exposed to External Fire,” Journal of the Korea Institute for Gas, vol. 7, pp. 19-23, 2003.
[4] J.P. Yim, B.C. Ma, C.B. Chung, “A Study on the Safety of Small LPG Storage Tanks at External Fires,” J. Kor. Soc. Safety, vol. 30, pp. 64-72, 2015.
[5] J.H. Lee, Y.D. Jo, J.S. Moon, L.H. Kim, “An Availability Assessment of Protection Wall Installed in LPG Filling Station”, Journal of the Korea Institute for Gas, vol. 22, pp. 38-45, 2018.
[6] F. Heymes, L. Aprin, A.M. Birk, P. Slangen, J.B. Jarry, H. Frabcius, G. Dusserre, “An experimental study of an LPG tank at low filling level heated by a remote wall fire,” J. Loss Prev. Proc. Ind., vol. 26, pp. 1484-1491, 2013.
[7] Korean National Fire Agency, Fire Statistical Yearbook, 2018
[8] API 607, “Fire Test for Quarter-turn Valves and Valves Equipped with Nonmetallic Seats”, 2016.
[9] ISO 10497, “Testing of valves: Fire type-testing requirements,” 2010.
[10] NFPA 285, “Standard Fire Test Method for Evaluation of Fire Propagation Characteristics of Exterior Non-Load-Bearing Wall Assemblies Containing Combustible Components,” pp. 5-8, 2006.
[11] KS ISO13785-1 “Reaction to fire tests for facades Part 1: Intermediate-scale test,” 2002.
[12] ISO 13785-2, “Reaction-to-fire Tests for Facades Part 2: Large-scale Test,” pp. 1-16, 2002.
[13] Korean Occupational Safety Health Agency, KOSHA GUIDE P-102-2012, pp. 56-59, 2012.
[14] Health and Safety Executive, “Fire and Explosion Strategy, Issue 1,” 2013.