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IJSTR >> Volume 9 - Issue 12, December 2020 Edition

International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616

Dependency Ratio, Inflation And Gini Ratio To Economic Growth And Population Poverty In Indonesia

[Full Text]



Sirilius Seran, Anna Nona Hallan



Dependency Ratio, Inflation, Gini Ratio, Economic Growth, Poverty, Economics, Population



Population poverty is a central issue in development, influenced by many factors including dependency ration (DR), inflation, Gini ratio (GR), and economic growth (GE). The goal is to know the direct and indirect relationship between independent variables referred to as poverty. Using the data time series from the year 1970 to 2018 and the path analysis tool which result proved that DR and GR simultaneously or partially have no significant relationship with inflation. The contribution from DR and GR to poverty is only 10 per cent. In model II, we discover that there is a significant relationship (Sign.: 0.001) between DR, inflation and GR to GE. However, in partial testing, GR is the only variable that is not significant, whereas DR (Sign.: 0,000) and inflation (Sign.: 0.002) have a significant relationship. These 3(three) variables contributed 32 per cent to economic growth (GE). In the third model which is the most comprehensive model, because it includes the interaction factors of those three variables. The result of a simultaneous test generates a significant value of 0.000, however, this is not the case for partial testing.



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