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IJSTR >> Volume 9 - Issue 12, December 2020 Edition



International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research  
International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

Website: http://www.ijstr.org

ISSN 2277-8616



Why Are Triple Constraints Always Challenged? : Evidence From Construction Projects

[Full Text]

 

AUTHOR(S)

Engr Sameer Ahmed, Dr. Sayed Fayaz Ahmed

 

KEYWORDS

Triple constraints, construction projects, project failure, nvivo software.

 

ABSTRACT

The construction industry plays a significant job in the nation’s economic growth. All projects run under three constraints: time, cost, and scope. Constraints are called triple constraints. Challenges faced by Triple Constraints are major reason for the lag in the Construction Projects. This research study aims at exploring reasons for the challenges Triple Constraints are facing in the construction Industry. Construction (Building) projects at Karachi, Pakistan were initiated by the Government in 2016 and still they are facing problems to complete the Projects according to the Actual Project Duration and the Originally Estimated Cost for the Projects. The data was collected of two types; Primary data and Secondary data, Primary data from the Ongoing Construction Projects in Karachi and Secondary data was collected from the Research papers. Study of research papers highlighted reasons for the Triple Constraint delays/overruns. These reasons were input into NVivo software to determine the frequency of each cause. The reasons were ranked on the basis of Relative Frequency Index (RFI), Relative Severity Index (RSI) and Independent Relative Importance Index (IRII) through research papers. Some of the causes which were identified were “Underestimating effects of Inflation and Escalation, Poor Planning and Scheduling, Clients-Slow decisions, Design changes, Poor Financial Management and etc. are the top reasons behind delays and project failure of Construction projects. These results would provide help for Clients, Contractor and Consultant in improved planning and mitigating the effects of lag in the future Construction projects.

 

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