International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research

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Volume 8 - Issue 1, January 2019 Edition

All listed papers are published after full consent of respective author or co-author(s).
For any discussion on research subject or research matter, the reader should directly contact to undersigned authors.

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Abubakar, M. A., Daar, W. J. Jayeoba, O. J.

This study was conducted along a toposequence in faculty of agriculture Nasarawa State University Shabu-Lafia Campus (8° 33' 22.07'' N and 8° 34' 00.49'' N and longitude 8°32' 37.63'' E and 8° 33' 14.07'' E) Nigeria. Digital Elevation Model (DEM) of the study site was developed using Google earth map and GIS software (Arch GIS 10.3 version) and the site was divided into three slope classes (upper, middle and lower). Morphologically the upper and middle slope soils were deep (200 cm) and well drained while lower slope soils was moderately deep (90 cm) and poorly drained. Soil colour ranged from 10YR3/4, 10YR4/4 and 5YR5/1 in the surface horizons of upper, middle and lower slope landscape position to 2.5YR4/8, 7.5YR7/8 and 2.5YR6/1 in the underlying horizons. Bulk density values across the study area were generally high (1.52-1.62 gcm-3) and sand dominated the particle size fraction (648-848 gkg-1), then Clay (98-278 gkg-1) and finally silt. Soil reaction (pH) varied as strongly acid to moderately acid (4.67-5.73) and the soils were non saline (3.1-1.0 dSm-1), Ca dominated the exchangeable bases and were in the order Ca > Mg > K > Na, CEC were low across the three landscape position and percentage base saturation were high (73.0- 80 %). Available P were generally high (36.1-28.8 mgkg-1), OC were moderate (10.1-14.0 gkg-1), TN were moderate too (2.1-2.8 gkg-1). The soils were classified as Typic Endoustalfs and Typic Endoaquents according to USDA Taxonomy while Haplic Acrisols (skeletic, Eutric) and Haplic Gleysols (Eutric, Colluvic) according to WRB.

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R. Nana Hadiana; Nur Zeina Maya Sari

The Study to know about transformational leadership and organization commitment implication for performance employee state civil Bandung. Produce productivity, transformational leadership has been individualized influences, inspirational motivation, intellectual stimulation and individualized consideration. Employee performance the work of quality and quantity achieved by an employee in carrying out his duties with transformational leadership, commitment organization. The methodology used is descriptive survey and a type of conclusive research whose main purpose to describe something that is usually in the form market characteristics or functions, and characterized by the formulation of specific hypothesis. Considered as the activity of providing a structured questionnaire to a large number of respondents

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Aminah, Soewito, Nuria Erina, Khairudin, Tri Damayanti

This research aimed to examine the influence of financial performance on market share in Indonesia Islamic Banking. We use return on assets (ROA), capital adequacy ratio (CAR), non performing loan (NPL), operating expenses-operating income (OEOI/BOPO), and financing to deposit ratio (FDR) as proxies of financial performance. Also, we apply market share as the comparison of Islamic banking total asset on total asset of Indonesia banks. This study is using stakeholder perspective analysis. How market share is influenced by financial performance, since market share is the reflection of stakeholders perception. We collect 33 Islamic Banks financial report in 2013-2015 using times series model. The result shows that ROA has positive significant effect on market share. Meanwhile, NPL and BOPO have negative significant effect on market share. Otherwise, FDR has no significant effect on market share. Based on the research findings, this study confirms that in Indonesia Islamic banking provides good news in their financial performance.

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S.Mohd Redzuan, M.H.Nuraida, O.Norzalina, A.B. Noorhelinahani

The vehicle performance has been continuously improved and the study results relating to the safety of car driving have also been continuously reported and demonstrated. Currently, this project focusing in safety of the vehicle which is to develop the prevention systems during vehicle reverse mode using by Arduino controller, linear actuator and ultrasonic sensors. There are also additional features such as visible LCD to display distance measurement with obstacle and also a buzzer to alert or notify the driver. The main objective of this project is to enhance the vehicle safety during reverse mode. There are lots of cases reported in Malaysia because of the children(s) died after they was ran over by their parent’s vehicle during vehicle reverse mode which the parents did not notice them. When the gear is shifted to the reverse mode, the sensors which located at the bumper of the vehicle automatically activate and detect the obstacle until 3.5 meter. If the system can detect obstacle less than 40 cm, automatically the braking system activate and the vehicle will stop immediately. At the same time the buzzer will alarm to notify the driver. This system can be installed to various types of vehicles which can avoid casualties and also to give confidence to the driver during reverse mode especially parking their vehicle in a small and narrow space. This system can be installed various types of vehicles.

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Diaaeldin M. Elsherif, Ayman A. Abd El-Wahab, Ramadan Badawy Mohamed Elgamsy, Mohamed Hazem Abdellatif

In this paper the selection of material for a horizontal axis wind turbine blade is done using ANSYS Fluid-Structure Interaction simulation which is composed of two main parts. The first part is a computational fluid dynamic simulation of the fluid flow around the blade geometry to get the pressure load acting on the blade due to wind. The second part is a finite element analysis of the blade to get the deformation and stress distribution due to pressure load and its rotation. A study of several materials is made in this paper to select material based on total deformation, stress distribution and maximum equivalent stress (von-Mises).

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Lusiana Andriani Lubis, Syafruddin Pohan

National Family Planning (KB) program is a development process from the government to build the prosperous family by birth control. The problem is how is the communication competency of PLKB in socialization of family planning program in Batang Angkola sub-district? A method that has been used in this research is a qualitative method. From 14 sub-districts in South Tapanuli district, the location was chosen randomly for Batang Angkola sub-district with amount of population are 32.210 people (Source: Bappeda South Tapanuli, 2017). The subjects in this research are Counselor of PLKB , PPKBD, Sub-PPKBD and KB cadres. Snowball Sampling technique has been used in this research to take the samples. This research also used the Focus Group Discussion (FGD) and in-depth interview to collect the data. Data analysis with the stages; of creating categories/theme, data display, furthermore the data is presented in the synopsis form to simplify the exposure and the averment conclusion (Miles and Huberman, 2009: 15-20). Family planning program works very well because there is a good contribution and synergy from PKB, PKB coordinator, PPKBD, Sub-PPKBD, PKBKKBK and public figure not only from village but also from the sub-district, as a wish of the head of BKKBN department of South Tapanuli district. Communication competency of PLKB is measured, especially it could be seen through the successful of inviting the couples in fertility age (PUS) to join the family planning program or inviting them to join back to use the long term contraception methods in KB villages, as we know that the program has been socialized intensively in Batang Angkola sub-dsitrict, notably at Muara Purba Nauli village where the KB village is located.

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Dr. Sadariah

Influence of style leadership to satisfaction work and employee performance at a venture cargo Hasanuddin International Airport Makassar. This research aims to analyze the in fluence of leadership styles against employee job satisfaction and employee performance at a venture Cargo Hasanuddin International Airport Makassar. The method of analysis data in this research using a technique analysis SEM (Structural Equation Modelling) with the program help AMOS 18.0 (analysis of Moment Structural). The number of samples in the study as many as 162 result and sample analyse have also mentioned word “ minimum of was achieved” meaning that AMOS have succeded to estimate and varians of kovarian existing. Thus can be conluded that the sample of the used in this research had filled the analysis SEM. The result of this research indicates that: the style of leadership of the influence significant to job satisfaction of employee, leadership style has not significant of the performance of employees and satisfaction work employees significant of the performance of employees businees at the Cargo Hasanuddin International Airport Makassar.

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Saimun, Hanafi, Alkusaeri

This study aims to measure the effectiveness of the Student Team Achievement Division (STAD) method in increasing student independence and learning outcomes. The research team conducted an experiment with the type of one group pretest-posttest design on 66 seventh grade students of junior high school. This research is a quantitative research with research instruments consisting of observation sheets, questionnaires and essay tests based on the Realistic Mathematics Education (RME) approach. Questionnaires are used to assess students' personal independence aspects including ability (1) personal regulation, (2) work habits, and (3) learning environment. Then to answer the research hypothesis, we use the student test (t-test) which begins with the normality test and homogeneity test for the data obtained from the field. Based on the results of data analysis, it can be concluded that the STAD method has a significant contribution in increasing students' independence and learning outcomes on mathematics subjects.

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Dafni Mawar Tarigan, Irna Syofia, Wan Arfiani Barus, Asritanarni Munar

Wheat development in Indonesia still continues to this day are still focused on the highland. But the limitations of location-specific varieties and seasons as well as the strong winds that often occur in the highlands during the rainy season can cause lodging plant, an obstacle for the development of wheat in the country. Then carried out a study to analyze the character of lodging wheat plant in the Karo highlands, North Sumatra. The study was conducted on two location of the Karo highlands and three repetition with uses non-factorial randomized block design with using wheat plant genotype C (LAJ3302 / 2 * MO88) and the treatment used is nitrogen fertilizer ((N1 = 50 g/plot, N2 = 70 g/plot, N3 = 90 g/plot) and potassium fertilizer (K1 = 30 g/plot, K2 = 45 g/plot, K3 = 60 g/plot). This study aims to determine the genotypes of wheat which had fallen through the analysis of the character of lodging. Observation data were tested by analysis of variance and combined. Character of lodging was observed stem diameter, strong of stem, internode number and distance between internode. The results of the study and combined analysis of variance showed that stem diameter, strong of stem and distance between internode showed significant differences for each location. While the internode number not significantly different for each location.

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Efrida Lubis, Wan Arfiani Barus, Risnawati, Dafni Mawar Tarigan

This study aims to obtain the optimum concentration of Ascorbic Acid on increasing growth and production of rice under the stress of NaCl salt. This research was carried out in the house of the Deli Tobacco Research Center, Sampali Village, Percut Sei Tuan, Deli Serdang Regency with a height of 15 m above sea level. This study used a factorial randomized block design with two treatment factors and 3 replications. The first factor was ascorbic acid concentration (A) consisting of 0, 250, 500 and 750 ppm. The second factor is the NaCl salt concentration consisting of: S0 (0 mM), S1 (40 mM), S2 (80 mM) and S3 (120 mM). The varieties used are Banyuasin varieties. The results showed that administration of ascorbic acid affected plant height, the total number of tillers and leaf area. Furthermore, salt stress decreases the vegetative growth of Rice plants.

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Goshwe, N.Y, Igwue G.A, Kureve, D.T.

Perturb and observe (P & O) and fuzzy logic (FLC) controller based techniques for switching a single-ended primary-inductor (SEPIC) converter for harvesting power from a photo-voltaic (PV) panel is presented. The techniques are compared at varying irradiances of 1000, 900, 700 and 500 W/m2 and varying temperatures of 30, 25, 20 and 18 degrees respectively. The results show that the SEPIC converter using P &O and FLC has a maximum voltage output of 58.76 V and 58.70 V; The Solar power output is maximum at 407.8 W and 400.7 W for irradiance of 1000 W/m2 at 18oC respectively. The converter output voltage using P & O has oscillations which are eliminated using the fuzzy logic controller.

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Habib Ratu Perwira Negara, Syaharuddin, Kiki Riska Ayu K, Habibi RPN

Exponential is a non-linear function. We do numerical calculations to find exponential non-linear functions in the acceleration of increasing HDI data in Asia. We have used HDI data from 2005-2017 from 30 countries which are divided into three categories namely developed countries, developing countries and underdeveloped countries. From these data we determine the average of each category then forecast for the next period using the double exponential type Holt method. Based on the simulation results using the GUI of MATLAB, we get information is obtained that HDI developed countries have an average of 0.86257 with a mathematical model y= 0.8027e0.0052x; developing countries have an average of 0.71588 with a mathematical model y = 0.6505e0.0069x; and underdeveloped countries an average of 0.60344 with a mathematical model y = 0.4986e0.0137x. So, the highest increase is in the underdeveloped category, which is 3,020. On the other hand, the GUI of MATLAB provides simulation techniques and a fairly accurate numerical solution.

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Hadi Mollamohammadrafie

The main purpose of this research is to examine the relationship between Psychological Empowerment and Organizational Trust upon Affective Commitment among Administration employees in the Faculty of Law, and Faculty of Economics and Business at Padjadjaran University, Bandung, Indonesia. Due to recent structural changes from that of a public university to a private university, the lack of security and difficulty for promotions created confusion and complaints from administration employees in the Faculty of Law and Faculty of Economics and Business at Padjadjaran University. Many administration employees still have hesitations about the new structure due to unclear job requirements, promotion of underqualified employees to managerial positions, and the process required to implement new structural changes. Data was obtained for this research through interviews, and a questionnaire which was made up of four sections and distributed to a total of 84 respondents using purposive sampling. Analysis of the data was obtained using multiple regression analysis. This analysis includes validity and reliability, classical assumption test, multiple regression analysis, testing hypothesis through F test and t test, and coefficient of determination analysis. The results show that Psychological Empowerment and Organizational Trust have influence upon Affective Commitment. The results indicate that the Psychological Empowerment dimensions Meaning and Competence, and the Organizational Trust dimensions Competency, Consistency and Loyalty, have significant and positive influence upon Affective Commitment. The dimension of Emotional Attachment has the greatest positive influence upon Affective Commitment. Furthermore, existing literature supports the significant and positive influence between Psychological Empowerment and Organizational Trust upon Affective Commitment. From these results the author is able to make recommendations to improve the Psychological Empowerment and Organizational Trust and their resulting positive influence upon Affective Commitment in the Faculties of Law, and Economics and Business at Padjadjaran University. Further to this, these results can be transferred to other higher education organizations to create an environment which supports employees’ and results in high levels of Affective Commitment, and therefore greater productivity for the organization.

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Amah Alexander Nwabueze, Ahemen Iorkyaa, Echem Obinna Chidiebere

Awgbu town is in Orumba North local Government Area of Anambra State, South East of Nigeria, located at Latitude 6o 07ꞌ N and Longitude 7o 06ꞌE. The town has two types of clay deposits at Ngene-Agu site called Asha and Ajagworo. The Business of pottery making by Awgbu Women is as old as Awgbu and flourished well till late 1980s when lighter plastic containers took over. Their method of preparation of clays and firing of their pots production is the same with Makurdi preparation and firing of bricks except that Ajagworo is used as an additive to Asha in the ratio of 1:3. This work provides an extension of an established ratio (1:3) at 11000C to further determine the best ratio that will give the highest compressive strength and minimum cold water absorption at the same established temperature, with a view to promote the use of burnt bricks for structural development and other possible applications in Anambra state, Nigeria where the clay is found. The Bricks was moulded using ratios 0:1, 1:0, 1:1, 1:2, 1:3, 1:4 and 1:5 for Ajagworo and Asha clay soils. The mixtures were tagged JSCi, where i = 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7. The work evaluated the compositional characteristics of the soils and engineering properties of derived bricks to assess their suitability and as alternative to sandcrete as load bearing materials in the construction of houses. The Geo-physical investigations revealed that the soils are composed of varying proportions of sand, silt and clay, with the following proportions; sand 23-61% with an average of 35.4%, clay 19-56% with an average of 32.9%, silt 17-50% with an average of 31.7%, plasticity index ranging from 4.0-47.2 with an average of 27.6 while the sand fraction is mainly fine to medium grained. The chemistry of the soils in their order of abundance of major oxides is Silica SiO2 >Alumina Al2O3 > Iron oxide Fe2O3 > Magnesium oxide MgO > SO3 > Titanium oxide TiO2 > other oxides found in little/negligible sizes. The similarities in the Geo-chemical results suggests that they were all derived from a station point and all the samples fall under Alumino-Silicate type of clay because of their high value of Aluminum oxide and silicon oxide. The crushing strength of the fired test cubes ranges from 1.95-4.95N/MM2 and the cold water absorption ranges from 15.53-29.67%. Samples JSC5- JSC7 was able to satisfy the requirements specified by relevant Nigerian standards for fired bricks.

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Vineet Gangurde, Yash Nemlawala, Avinash Tandle

Lately delicate wearable exoskeletons, usually alluded to as exo-suits, have been broadly utilized in human help. Consequently, a mutual approach for a methodical and comprehensive control design is critical. The majority of the exo-suits grew so far utilize a link transmission to advantageously put the actuator far from the end-effector. While having numerous focal points this activation technique shows some characteristic impediments caused by non linearities, for example, rubbing and friction of the links, which make it hard to anticipate and control the elements between the arm and the client. The report exhibits a novel technique for the arm exoskeletons that considers the solid power manipulability of the human arm. We propose a model that gives help without considering the biomechanical properties of the human arm.

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M.H. Muhammad Hafiz, M.H.Nuraida, O. Norzalina, A.B. Noorhelinahani, A.J.Julaida

Energy harvesting has been surprisingly increased in the research and development until this day. The cause for the demand of renewable energy harvesting is rising due to the facts that fossil fuel is on the verge of being depleted. Currently, there are many ways to collect this infinite energy. One of the ways is by harvesting power thermoelectric generator by using combustion engine heat source. The main purpose of thermoelectric generator (TEG) is to provide the electricity supply to user by supplying the clean voltage in dc form without wasting the energy. There many applications of that can implement this method, for example the place that does not have main power supply. The (TEG) can use to support the electrical part for example to light up the lamp, to supply to battery charger for hand phone and many more. This project is very economical and low cost, which focuses to harvest heat source from combustion car engine which can reduce the usage of main battery of the vehicle and electricity.

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Santoso Sugihariyanto, Agus Suman, Sri Muljaningsih

The objective of this study is to identify the development of community participation-based tourism village, identify the influence of tourism village program on increases in community income, and to identify job opportunities based on the developed business.This study uses descriptive qualitative method, so it requires elaborations on all research stages. The stages are analysis of tourism village development, analysis of community’s participation, and analysis of income. Previous studies conclude that the development of tourism village is closely related with the role of the community and the uniqueness of the village.The result of this study shows that Gunungsari village has many potentials. In terms of cultural tourism, this village has wayang kulit, jaran kepang dor, terbang jidor, sanduk dance, bantengan, and pencak silat. In terms of agrotourism, this village has many rose farms where tourist can have the experience of harvesting the flowers, arrange them, or extract them for perfume should the accommodations and infrastructures are available.It is expected that this tourism village can upgrade its community from land owners to tourism entrepreneurs and from farm labors to tourist attraction performers. This improvement is also expected to provide youngsters with jobs such as tour guide, photographer, ticket booth attendants, and parking lot attendants, not to mention employment in livestock farming.

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Zainb hassan radthy; Firas Hussean Maghool; Alaa Hussein Khaleel

In this paper, the transport models were applied on a real data, which was drawn from a domestic company for food products. The company aims to market its product to four different geographic positions through three of its branches. Therefore, the company has suffered from the high cost of transporting and marketing its products. The company does not has scientific approach to face this problem. Instead, it has depended upon the personal experience of staffs. The target of this paper is to satisfy minimum transporting cost through three methods, the minimum cell cost method, Vogel approximate method and compare between these methods with a new technique for finding initial basic solution. Then, the obtained solutions should be assessed by using the stepping – stone test in order to obtain the optimum transporting method.

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Rusnila Hamid; Gefarina Djohan; Dwi Surya Admaja; Burhanudin Sanusi; Haris Sumadiria

Violence against women and children victims of trafficking in Indonesia continues to increase. Trafficking in persons referred to in humanity is not feasible, every person has basic rights related to human dignity that should not be taken away by anyone. Trafficking is a social phenomenon when people try to find a decent life, so they try to travel a considerable distance to the outside of the national boundary, so there is a population movement or what is called international migration which is generally influenced also by economic factors. Along with the development of globalization it turns out that it has direct consequences in the economic field in various countries. International migration will always take place at any time. Trafficking cases in Indonesia are like icebergs, the numbers hidden below the surface are far greater than those seen on the surface. Trafficking is an organized crime, this crime involves several people who have networks or linkages with each other and have the purpose of exploiting the victim for the sake of unilateral gain (perpetrators), so that in overcoming this trafficking case, the government has a stake and must determine a firm attitude in handling and eradicate it. In this agreement, a model for handling Victims of Trafficking is needed as well as evaluating and improving the system for cases of comprehensive handling of trafficking victims. Research on "Trafficking in Border Areas Case Study on Violence Against Women and Children Victims of Trafficking in the West Kalimantan Border" uses a methodology qualitative research with a case study approach through four main techniques of data collection, namely observation, documentation studies, in-depth interviews, and focus group discussions (FGD) on various parties and various related objects, to obtain actual, accurate, and complete data and information on violence against women and children victims of trafficking (trafficking) on the border of the Entikong-West Kalimantan region. The West Kalimantan border area is the focus of the research target because Entikong Sub-district is geographically directly adjacent to Sarawak, Malaysia. Cases of violence against women and children victims of trafficking on the border of West Kalimantan are placed as a contemporary phenomenon, which is new, is happening, and has a strong potential to continue to occur as long as prevention and eradication do not reach the target, are not effective, and are not systematic.

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Megasari Kumala Wibowo, Fatchur Rohman, Risna Wijayanti

The purpose of this study to determine the effect of Socially Responsible Marketing on the Corporate Reputation of PT Bank Negara Indonesia which was mediated by brand Image and Perceived Value in Branchless Banking agent activities in Malang Regency. Activity of Branchless Banking agent Agent is one of the government programs established by Otoritas Jasa Keuangan (OJK) and Bank Indonesia as a non-Office financial service program in the context of inclusive finance, namely to provide banking services or other financial services through cooperation with other participants (bank agents). The research instrument used was a questionnaire given directly to the Bank Negara Indonesia (BNI) Branchless Banking Agent then, analyzed using SmartPLS. The population of this research is the peoples of Malang Regency who have been registered as Branchless Banking agent in BNI (Agen46) for 1 year and the number of samples obtained is in accordance with the research criteria as many as 176 correspondents. The technique used in this study is probability sampling with a simple random sampling method. The research findings show that Socially Responsible Marketing does not have a direct influence on Corporate Reputation so that other variables are needed as mediation. Brand Image is able to mediate Socally Responsible Marketing and Corporate Reputation. While the Perceived Value is not able to mediate the relationship between Socially Responsible Marketing and Corporate Reputation. Other results show Socially Responsible Marketing has a significant influence on Perceived Value, Socially Responsible Marketing has a significant influence on Brand Image. But Perceived Value does not have a significant effect on Corporate Reputation.

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Asep Supriadi, Raden andi Sularso, Sumani

The purpose of this study is to find out and analyze the testing of TAM theory in assessing user acceptance of the implementation of dynamic filing information systems and analyzing variables that influence the acceptance of the use of dynamic filing information system applications at the University of Jember. This research is a type of research using primary data in the form of a questionnaire. Determination of the sample in this study using purposive sampling with the criteria of users who have already registered or medically positioned incoming and outgoing letters on the application of dynamic filing information systems at the University of Jember. The method of data analysis in this study uses descriptive statistical analysis methods with the research hypothesis using Partial Least Square (PLS) with Smart Partial Least Square (SmartPLS) statistics. The results showed that experience variables had a significant effect on perceived ease of use, experience did not affect perceived usefulness, perceived ease of use had a significant effect on perceived usefulness (perceived usefulness) perceived ease of use has a significant effect on attitude towards behavior, perceived usefulness has a significant effect on attitude to use (attitude towards behavior), perceived usefulness has no effect towards of use behavioral interest, attitude towards behavior has a significant effect on interest in use (behavioral intention), interest in user behavior (behavioral intention os use) is significant towards real users (Actual System Usage) on the implementation of stem of dynamic filing information at the University of Jember

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Muhammad Syaifullah; Sandi Adji Usman; Siska Putri Kusuma

The increasingly global competition in the banking world, the marketing strategy on pension fund products is still less effective in marketing, one of the reasons is that in looking for customers there are still less or less mass. The research method used is this study using a qualitative approach with descriptive research methods. Primary data sources are Customer Servise, Sales Force, Junior Counseling Banking Relations Manager and Bank Syariah Mandiri Pontianak customers. Secondary data sources are documentation of data and information obtained from Bank Syariah Mandiri, books, journals, news media, articles, and scientific writings related to the marketing mix strategy of Islamic banking products. Techniques and Data Collection Tools, namely Observation Techniques, Interview Techniques, and Documentation Techniques. Data analysis techniques are 1) Data Collection; 2) Data Condensation; 3) Display data; and 4) Conlusion Draw. Technique of Checking the Validity of Data is 1) Persistence of Observation of Member Check; and 3) Triangulation. The results of this study are 1) The funding strategy of pension fund products at PT Bank Syariah Mandiri in Pontianak City is to use 4P Mix Marketing, including: a.) Product is to provide special pension savings on this pension fund product; b.) Price is a way to provide profit sharing on retirement savings so that customers benefit because they use the mudharabah mutlaqah contract; c.) Promotion in terms of promotion is by way of advertising on retirement savings advertising is only done by installing baleho and there is no specific brochure of retirement savings, sales promotion, personal selling, and publicity. In addition, the main strategy of PT. Bank Syariah Mandiri in marketing retirement savings is by visiting customers' homes and target offices directly to offer products using the ball pick-up system; d.) Place in terms of place is by choosing a strategic location and easily accessible to the wider community. 2) The pension fund product financing strategy at PT Bank Syariah Mandiri is to use 4P Mix Marketing, including: a.) Product is to provide special financing to pensioners on this pension product that is consumer (multi-use); b.) Price in terms of prices on the distribution of pension fund products with financing to pensioners whose prices are determined by salary and the age of the customer to obtain the amount of financing obtained; c.) Promotion in terms of promotion of advertising, sales promotion, personal selling, and publicity. In addition, the main strategy of PT. Bank Syariah Mandiri in marketing pension financing is by directly visiting customers' homes and target offices to offer products using the ball pick-up system; d.) Place in terms of place is by choosing a strategic location and easily accessible to the wider community.

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Hardyanty Dwi Pratiwi, Muhammad Faizal, David Bahrin

An Underground Coal Gasification (UCG) Experiment has been modified in a laboratory scale conducted to produce of synthesis gas and to purify of synthetic gas. Synthetic Gas produced from modified UCG reactor composed of hydrogen gas (H2), carbonmonoxide (CO), methane (CH4), are the main gas, mixed with carbondioxide gas (CO2), Nitrogen gas (N2), hydrogen sulfide (H2S) and other gases. All three of hydrogen gas (H2), carbon monoxide (CO), methane (CH4) are combustible gas as a fuel. While non fuel gas containing CO2 is that high enough as one of the undesirable gas. CO2 gas content can reduce heating value from syngas, so do gas absorption CO2 process in syngas using K2CO3 solution with 4 N with concentration 0.5 Litres volume by using column bubble (bubble coulum). Variables used are syngas flow rate by total of air plus oxygen from 5 litre per minute to 15 litre per minute and absorption time 10 to 30 minutes with range 10 minutes. The occur mechanisms is process CO2 absorption by K2CO3 solution and with reaction between the two compounds. The results experiment showed optimal conditions is syngas flowrate 15 litres per minute with total air input 5 litres/minute plus oxygen input 10 litres/minute in 20 minutes time absorption can absorb CO2 gas 25% with escalation gas CH4 content 40.6%mole, syngas caloric value 441.1 Btu/Scf with ratio fuel gas/non fuel gas 1.02.

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Andria Sabarino, Jasman J. Ma'ruf, Sorayanti Utami, Murkhana, Muslim A Djalil

This study aims to find out, describe the conditions of service, innovation, brand equity & viewer loyalty, analyze the effect of service for equity brands, analyze the impact of innovation on brand equity, analyze the effect of service on the loyalty of partners, analyze the influence of innovation on audience loyalty, analyze the influence of brand equity towards audience loyalty and, analyzing the indirect effects of service and innovation on audience loyalty through TVRI ACEH brand equity. The subject of this research is service & innovation, brand equity and audience loyalty. This study illustrates that service, brand equity & audience loyalty has been running well, service has an effect on the added value of a service or product, innovation has an effect on audience loyalty. The results of this study also prove that innovation is sensitive to audience loyalty & has an indirect impact on service, innovation for the loyalty of viewers with brand equity.

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Teddy Anggoro

This Papers aims to determine the decision to migrate of the population of West Nusa Tenggara Province were influenced by push factors (income, number of hours worked, study period, number of families), pull factors (wages in the destination area), and negative information. This study uses data from 100 samples of labour (ages between 18-50 years) with sample areas namely the regency of West Lombok, Central Lombok, East Lombok, and Sumbawa Besar. This study uses logistic binary analysis methods. The results of binary logistic analysis showed that the variables with significant levels were income with a probability of 0.045, working hours of 0.026, and wages in the destination with a probability value of 0.0001, while the variables of study period, number of families, and negative information had no significant effect on decisions to migrate. We Found that the decision to migrate the West Nusa Tenggara society was based on economic factors, so that non-economic (social) factor become the last consideration of society concerning the decision to migrate.

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Azhar Susanto; Meiryani

The development of the business world that continues to increase causes the need for information technology to be increasingly instrumental in supporting daily business activities. The role of Information Systems as a tool in carrying out business activities becomes very necessary. When the stages of this process do not go well and correctly it will cause delays or irregularities and inefficiencies. To improve the processes that are already running, business process reengineering can be used. With this re-engineering, a new innovation can be done in a business where old habits can be abandoned and start with a new, better process. The use of information systems that will be reviewed in this discussion is related to the use of information technology in the renovation of global innovation. The rapid development of information technology has triggered new innovations that can help facilitate information. And this encourages companies to carry out renovations and innovations in the processes of production, sales, marketing, and distribution by involving the role of information technology. The use of information technology in business facilitates every business person and creates efficiency and effectiveness for the company so that by using information technology the company is able to create competitive advantages and be able to compete in the global market.

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Azhar Susanto; Meiryani

Information system is an integrated system that is capable provide information that is useful to users or an integrated system or human-machine system, to provide information to support operations, management within an organization. Where the system is a combination of information technology and organized procedures. Business Information System, which is a collection of various information that has a unity between one and the other aimed at business interests. The development of computer technology that continues to carry the main implications of this technology in the processing of data that leads to information. The output of computer technology which is a more useful component than just a pile of data, makes computer technology and technology supporting the operational process get a new nickname, namely information technology.

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Azhar Susanto; Meiryani

Information resources of a company include hardware, software, information specialists, users, facilities, databases, and information. Information has four desired dimensions, relevance, accuracy, timeliness, and completeness. Knowledge management realizes that information will reflect the company's knowledge resources. Knowledge management is needed to organize, access and leverage company data and information for decision making. A strategic plan for information resources will identify the goals that must be met by the company's information system.

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Triana Dwi Wahyuni, Sasongko, Sri Muljaningsih

This study aims to measure the level of technical efficiency in Tapioca Small and Medium Enterprises and the factors that affect tapioca production in Pati Regency, Central Java Province, Indonesia. The research method used is DEA (Data Envelopment Analysis) analysis with the assumption that output is oriented and the Variable Return to Scale (VRS) approach is used to measure the efficiency level of tapioca companies. Furthermore, by analyzing Ordinary Least Squares (OLS) to determine the factors that influence tapioca production. The results showed that the level of technical efficiency of tapioca production in Pati Regency was quite high, the average technical efficiency was 0.914. 35 of the 80 samples of tapioca entrepreneurs are still below the average. This study also presents the efficiency level of tapioca entrepreneurs on a low, medium and large scale business. Whereas with OLS analysis, it was found that raw material variables and plant area had a significant positive effect on tapioca production, labor and milling machine capacity did not significantly influence tapioca production.

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Henerico, Evodius

The mortgage market in Tanzania has been fast growing with the entrance of more lenders from time to time evidenced by the increase of lenders from 3 by 2009 to 31 by 2017. Such growth called for more valuation services from the respective professional. The demand for valuation services by lenders came along with the increase of valuation companies which gave room for lenders to choose few among them to offer valuation services. Such practice implies competition among valuation companies towards the need of the clients specifically lenders in the eye of borrowers. The question was, does the valuation firms satisfy the thirsty of the lenders? This study sought to understand whether Valuers satisfy lenders when carrying out valuation for mortgage. A total of 47 sample who were officials and managers dealing with mortgages in lending institutions were reached through questionnaire in form of eSurvey and print outs and successful 33 responded making a response rate of 70%. The data were quantitatively analyzed by descriptive statistic techniques in Microsoft Excel. The results show that the majority of respondents were satisfied with valuation services offered by their respective valuation consultants. Statistically, 64% of respondents said that they were being satisfied with the utility level of (61-71) %. Also, 18% of respondents said that they were highly satisfied with utility level above 70% whereas the remaining 18% of respondents ranges from being partially satisfied to just satisfaction with utility level below 60%. Furthermore, 73% of those who asked for additional information from valuers apart from those contained in the reports said that they receive good response whereas the remaining 27% said that they receive a satisfying responses. The study recommend to the lender, the involvement of more valuers or experts in real estate to facilitate the proper interpretation of valuation reports and improve instructions of the valuation assignments. To valuers, the study call for further diligence in discerning which contents to be included in the valuation reports. There are information which may not be asked by lender during instruction but useful as judged by valuers, that ought to be added.

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Winwin Yadiati; Meiryani

Ethics in the use of computers are receiving greater attention than before. Computer ethics is very important because people have certain perceptions and fears with the use of computers. The features of computer use that are worrying to the public are the ability to program computers to do anything, the fact that computers can change everyday life and the fact that what a computer does may not be visible to people who are victims. Society in general gives attention mainly because of the awareness that computers can interfere with individual privacy rights, property and access. Whereas in the business world, one of the main reasons for this concern is the problem of software piracy that can significantly reduce the revenue of software sellers. But the subject of computer ethics is deeper than privacy and piracy. Computers are powerful social equipment, which can help or disturb the community in many ways, all of which depend on how they are used. Our behavior is directed by morals, ethics, and law.

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Winwin Yadiati; Meiryani

Information technology has the power to develop the industry and transform how business is run. Internet in business is used for information exchange, media promotion, electronic mail, mailing lists, dialogue, discussions, consulting with consumers online. There are two electronic commerce applications, namely: business-to-consumer and business-to-business commerce. Information technology has the power to develop the industry and transform how business is run. The main obstacle in the use of information technology is the enormous cost of making an online network and supplying devices. The use of information technology plays an important role in trade and national economic growth to achieve public welfare.

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Al-Obaidi SH, Khalaf FH

The dynamics and performance of major oil deposits in late (final) stage of development of large oil fields are given the current rates of oil recovery. The high oil recoveries are resulted as a consequence of the favorable geological and physical characteristics of the development objects, application of development systems and optimal density well spacing, adequate geological structure, maintain during the process of the development the optimal rates of technological development, the modes of operation of wells and a project of the fund of production wells, continuous improvement of the project systems taking into account the dynamics of the reserves development and the clarification of the geological structure.

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Raniah Alsahafi

Database driven web application are vulnerable to SQL Injection Attacks which try to access the sensitive data directly. They work by injecting malicious SQL codes through the web application and cause unexpected behavior from the database. There are different Techniques that have been proposed by researchers to prevent or detect these type of attacks. This paper has presented most of all proposed methods and tools to detect SQL injection attack. Finally, a comparison between those methodology has been presented and analyzed.

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AKM Bahalul Haque

Mass surveillance is blessing and curse for our life. Modern Day surveillance has made our life risk free and at the same time our privacy is compromised. In the Book, 1984, the writer assumed a surveillance state where each and every aspect of human emotion is controlled by the ruling state. The key factors of our life like language, emotions are controlled and monitored by the state. People doesn’t have anything to say anything as they are being manipulated psychologically to abide by the rules and regulations. In recent days people are also being watched and our movement is checked. The reason is our safety by eliminating the human threat, assessing the crime scene after checking the cctv footage, apprehend a crime in progress, monitor unlawful activities by the law enforcement agencies. On the other hand, we are being watched everywhere, we cannot express our opinions independently as for the controversy issues, our track record is kept for analysis, out personal data is being collected and checked which is really a matter of concern as we all have something to keep private. In this paper, the varying dimensions of surveillance are discussed and analysed in an empirical manner.

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Mustafa, Alwathan, Faisyal, Andri Kurniawan

Coconut agribusiness development opportunities with high economic value products are very large. Coconut products that have been developed in the country are virgin coconut oil (VCO). VCO has a context of products that can improve health and high-value natural cosmetic raw materials. The purpose of this study was to purify Virgin Coconut Oil using natural zeolite, utilizing ultrasonic wave equipment in the process of making Virgin Coconut Oil (VCO) by comparing the results of enzymatic VCO yields (Soursop fruit enzymes) with the help of ultrasonic and without ultrasonic assistance, as well as knowing the effect ultrasonic time on the yield and VCO content produced and analyze the physical and chemical properties contained in Virgin Coconut Oil that conform to the SNI method. Making VCO was done by ultrasonic method using a temperature of 30 ° C and a frequency of 42 kHz with ultrasonic time variations of 0, 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60 and 70 minutes. VCO made by ultrasonic method has the highest yield compared to without ultrasonic assistance. Operating conditions that produce VCO with increasing ultrasonic time, the water content gets smaller, the density increases, the free fatty acid gets smaller, the saponification rate increases and the yield increases with the most optimum enzymatic ultrasonic time to make Virgin Coconut Oil (VCO) with 4 ml Soursop extract and the best 200 ml coconut milk cream is 60 minutes which has a yield of 64.5%. For purification of VCO using Natural zeolite with a variation of 10, 20, and 30, 40, 50 and 60 grams of zeilite in 20 ml of VCO. The results showed that the enzymatic VCO making (Soursop fruit enzyme) with the help of chemical ultrasonigraphy which provided the appropriate quality for the comparison of 30 grams of natural zeolite could reduce the moisture content to 96.15% and increase the Iod number by 50.84%

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Inggrid Widya Pitaloka, Tatang Ary Gumanti

There are many ways to make a loyal customer. The company must make sure that the customers have the intention to repurchase its products or services. There are many drivers of customer repurchase intention, such as brand equity and brand relationship quality. This research examines the effects of brand equity and brand relationship quality on repurchase intention of the customers of this Muslim wear brand. It also examines whether brand relationship quality mediates the relationship between brand equity and repurchase intention. The test was conducted using path analysis of 134 respondents. Results show that there is a positive and significant effect of brand equity and brand relationship quality on repurchase intention. Brand relationship quality partially mediates the effect of brand equity on repurchase intention.

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Siti Mudawiyah; Dewi Prihatini; Deasy Wulandari

The issue of Human Resources is always a strategic issue to be a study or research. Election organizers shaded in vertical institutions such as the General Election Commission (KPU) in social and political sciences are often used as the object of qualitative research for students. This study aims to describe the influence between variables Transformational Leadership, Motivation, Performance Allowance on Job Satisfaction and Performance in Seven Districts / Cities in East Java. This research is also explanatory research that analyzes the influence of each Exogenous variable on Endogenous variables. The research was conducted in Seven Districts / Cities, including Probolinggo Regency, Probolinggo City, Lumajang Regency, Jember Regency, Bondowoso Regency, Situbondo Regency, and Banyuwangi Regency with a population of all Civil Servants of the KPU Secretariat in seven districts / cities in East Java. The population was 110 people with sampling techniques using a census of all civil servant populations in the Tapal Kuda area in seven (7) regencies / cities in East Java. Another term ‘jenuh’ sample is a census, where all members of the population are sampled. The data analysis technique uses Structural Equation Model (SEM), the results of the study show that for the first test, the Classical Assumption Test does not violate normality, Outlier and Multicollinearity. The model of Goodness Of Fit (GOF) also has a good suitability of the model and for the results of testing the hypothesis. Hypothesis 1 is accepted where the Transformational Leadership variable (X1) has a significant effect on the Job Satisfaction variable (Y1) with a structural coefficient of 0.418, with a CR value of 4.172> 1.96 and probability = 0.001 <0.05. Hypothesis 2 is accepted, which means that the Work Motivation variable (X2) has a significant effect on the Job Satisfaction variable (Y1), it is indicated by the structural coefficient value of 0.148, the value of CR = 2.792> 1.96, besides the probability value = 0.046 <0 , 05. Hypothesis 3 is accepted, it’s means that the Performance Allowance variable (X3) has a significant effect on the Job Satisfaction variable (Y1), this is indicated by the structural coefficient value of 0.313, with a CR value of 2.792 > 1.96 and a probability of 0.005 < 0.05. Hypothesis 4, it’s means that the variable Transformational Leadership (X1) has a significant effect on Performance (Y2). This is indicated by the structural coefficient of 0.151, the CR value of 2.804>1.96 with a probability value = 0.005<0.05. Hypothesis 5 is rejected. It’s Work Motivation variable (X2) has no significant effect on Performance (Y2). This can be indicated by the structural coefficient value of 0.030, besides that the value of CR = 0.831 < 1.96 and the probability = 0.406 > 0.05. Hypothesis 6 is accepted, this can be concluded that the Performance Allowance variable (X3) has a significant effect on the Performance variable (Y2). ). This can be indicated the structural coefficient value of 0.119, the value of CR = 2.061 > 1.96 and the probability = 0.039 < 0.05. The hypothesis 7 is accepted, It’s the Job Satisfaction variable (Y1) has a significant effect on Performance (Y2). This is indicated by the structural coefficient value of 1.234 with a CR value of 8.983 > 1.96, for a probability value obtained at 0.000 < 0.05. The hypothesis 8 is accepted, concluded that the Transformational Leadership variable (X1) has a significant positive effect on Performance (Y2) through the Job Satisfaction variable (Y1). This is indicated by the structural coefficient value of 0.67057 > -0.151. Hypothesis 9 is accepted, namely that the Work Motivation variable (X2) has a significant positive effect on Performance (Y2) through the Job Satisfaction variable (Y1). This can be indicated by the structural coefficient value of 0.21395 > 0.03. Hypothesis 10 is accepted, it is concluded that the Performance Allowance variable (X3) has a significant positive effect on Performance (Y2) through the Job Satisfaction variable (Y1). It is proven by the strucutral coefficient value of 0.50806 > 0.119. Judging from the influence of Transformational Leadership, Work Motivation, Performance Allowances through Job Satisfaction, all exogenous variables are stated to have a significant positive effect, which means that if the value of the exogenous variable rises, the Performance (Y2) variable will rise but the influence must be built through the variable Job Satisfaction first (indirectly), to create more optimal Employee Performance.

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